Advancing equity through public accountability
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Advancing equity through public accountability. Mary Ann O’Loughlin Executive Councillor & Head of Secretariat Australian College of Educators National Conference July 2011. Outline. Reform of federal financial relations National Agreements National Partnerships

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Advancing equity through public accountability

Advancing equity through public accountability

Mary Ann O’Loughlin

Executive Councillor & Head of Secretariat

Australian College of Educators National Conference

July 2011


Outline

Outline

  • Reform of federal financial relations

    • National Agreements

    • National Partnerships

    • new accountability arrangements

  • National Education Agreement

  • National Partnership on Literacy and Numeracy

  • Value of public accountability for advancing equity


Intergovernmental agreement on federal financial relations

Intergovernmental Agreement on Federal Financial Relations

  • ‘represents the most significant reform of Australia’s federal financial relations in decades’

    • governs all policy and financial relations between the Commonwealth and the States.


National agreements

National Agreements

  • In specific areas of service delivery:

    • Education, Skills and Workforce Development, Healthcare, Disability Services, Affordable Housing, Indigenous Reform

  • Define the objectives, outcomes, outputs, and performance indicators

  • Clarify the roles and responsibilities of the Commonwealth and the States and Territories

  • Ongoing financial contributions from the Commonwealth


National partnerships

National Partnerships

  • New incentive payments to drive reform:

    • to support delivery of specified projects

    • to facilitate reforms

    • to reward jurisdictions that deliver on national reforms

  • National Partnership Agreements define the objectives, outputs and performance benchmarks

    • generally time-limited


Role of the coag reform council

Role of the COAG Reform Council

  • Independent organisation set up by COAG to assess and publicly report on the performance of governments

  • For National Agreements

    • reports annually to COAG on a comparative analysis of governments’ performance in meeting objectives and outcomes

  • For National Partnerships

    • reports on performance as part of reports on National Agreements

    • assesses achievement of performance benchmarks by States before the Commonwealth makes reward payments


Advancing equity through public accountability

Structure of the National Education Agreement

Objective

All Australian school students acquire the knowledge and skills to participate effectively

in society and employment in a globalised economy.

All children are

Young people are

Australian

Young people

engaged in and

meeting basic

students excel

make a successful

benefitin

g from

literacy and

by international

transition from

Outcomes

schooling

numeracy standards,

standards

school to work

and

and overall levels

are

further study

improving

Schooling promotes the social inclusion and reduces the educational disadvantage

of children, especially Indigenous children

P

rop

ortion of

Literacy and

P

roportion of

P

roportion o

f

20

-

children

numeracy

students in the

24

year old

s

enrolled in and

achievement of Year

bottom and top

having attained at

attending

3, 5, 7 and 9 students

levels of

least

Y

ear 12 or

school

, by

in national testing

,

performance in

equivalent

, by

Indigenous and

by Indigenous and

international

Indigenous and

SES s

tatus

SES status

testing

SES status

Performance Indicators

The proportion

P

roportion of 18

-

of Indigenous

24 year olds

students

engaged in full

completing

time employment,

Year

10

education or

training at

/

above

Certificate

III

Lift the Year 12 or equivalent attainment rate to 90 per cent by 2015

Halve the gap for Indigenous students in reading, writing and numeracy within a decade

Targets

At least halve the gap for Indigenous students in Year 12 or equivalent by 2020


Halve the gap in literacy and numeracy by 2018

Halve the gap in literacy and numeracy by 2018

  • Analyse performance 3 ways:

    • compare progress with trajectories

    • highlight significant increases or decreases in results

    • map changes in the gap between Indigenous and non-indigenous performance


Indigenous students at above national minimum standard year 9 reading actual vs trajectory

Indigenous students at/above national minimum standard, Year 9 Reading: actual vs. trajectory


Significant improvement between 2008 and 2010

Significant improvement between 2008 and 2010

  • In Reading, there was some significant progress in achievement for Indigenous children in Years 3 and 7

  • In Writing, there was little significant change

  • In Numeracy, there was no significant improvement in any jurisdiction in any year


Closing the gap students achieving at above national minimum standard

Indigenous Reading

Indigenous Writing

Indigenous Numeracy

Year 3

Per

cent

100

90

80

70

60

50

2008

2009

2010

Closing the gap: Students achieving at/above national minimum standard


Related national partnerships

Related National Partnerships

•Early Childhood Education

•Indigenous Early Childhood Development

•National Quality Agenda for Early Childhood Education and Care

•Smarter Schools

  • Literacy and Numeracy*

  • Improving Teacher Quality*

  • Low Socio-economic Status School Communities

    •Youth Attainment and Transitions*

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    * Reward National Partnerships


National partnership on literacy numeracy

National Partnership on Literacy & Numeracy

  • Aims to deliver sustained improvements in literacy and numeracy outcomes for all students, especially those who are falling behind

  • Total funding of $540 million from 2008-09 to 2011–12

    • reward payments of $350 million in last two years

  • Priority areas for reform:

    • effective teaching of literacy and numeracy

    • strong school leadership

    • monitoring literacy and numeracy performance


Basis of assessment

Basis of assessment

  • Mandated measures in reading and numeracy:

    • students at or above the national minimum standard

    • students above the national minimum standard

    • average score of students

    • Indigenous students at or above the national minimum standard

  • Optional local measures


Advancing equity through public accountability

Examples of targets for measures for Indigenous students,Northern Territory


Public accountability as an incentive for reform

Public accountability as an incentive for reform

•Are the levers strong enough?


Catalyst data

Catalyst data

__________________________________

Sydney Morning Herald June 2011

The Australian June 2011


Advancing equity through public accountability

‘Following the woeful performance of Queensland primary school children in national testing last year, the Bligh Government turned to an expert for help. The state’s children need it, after being ranked second-last in the nation.’

The Australian, 4 May 2009


Advancing equity through public accountability

At the heart of the new accountability arrangements is the question of the extent to which governments will learn constructively from feedback about their own performance, and the performance of other governments.


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