Alexander the great hero or villain
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Alexander the Great! Hero or Villain?. R.A.P. Page 2 (left). Name and describe the 5 steps that Philip II took to conquer Greece. I) Alex: HERO. A) Background info. - born in 356 B.C.E. in Macedonia (N of mainland Greece).

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Alexander the Great! Hero or Villain?

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Alexander the great hero or villain

Alexander the Great! HeroorVillain?


R a p page 2 left

R.A.P. Page 2 (left)

Name and describe the 5 steps that Philip II took to conquer Greece.


I alex hero

I) Alex: HERO

A) Background info.

- born in 356 B.C.E. in Macedonia (N of mainland Greece)

- only lived to be 32, ruled for just 13 years, however, many historians consider him the greatest military leader of all time.


During his reign alexander conquered greece the near east persia and india

- during his reign, Alexander conquered Greece, the Near East, Persia, and India.

- in total, he ruled an empire that stretched from 3,000 miles from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus River.

- His empire was the largest empire the world had ever seen!


B map of alex s empire

B) Map of Alex’s empire


C alex spread greek culture t o the ancient world and showed an interest in the people he defeated

C) Alex spread Greek culture t/o the ancient world and showed an interest in the people he defeated.

1) Thebes-Alex unified all of Greece by putting down the rebellion in the polis of Thebes.

- he showed compassion towards some of the rebels, citizens, priests and the family of a poet.


2 egypt alex was welcomed more as a savior than an invader enthroned as king

2) Egypt- Alex was welcomed more as a savior than an invader-enthroned as king

- founded the Egyptian city of Alexandria and named 19 other cities after himself.

- Alexandria, Egypt- became a great center for learning about Greece and the Near Eastern cultures.


3 persian army alexander defeated the mighty persian army at the battle of issus

3) Persian Army- Alexander defeated the mighty Persian army at the Battle of Issus.

  • as their new ruler, he showed respect to the Persians by appointing Persian governors in conquered territories and allowing the people to continue to practice their own religious traditions.


4 india alexander brilliantly defeated the army of the indian king porus

4) India- Alexander brilliantly defeated the army of the Indian king Porus.

- overcame heavy rains and the Indian army’s use of elephants

- became greatly interested in Indian culture/religion and learned more about Hinduism by questioning Indian holy men.


Ii alex villain

II. Alex: VILLAIN

A) Background info:

- Alex’s military accomplishments were due to the powerful military force his father, King Philip II, had left to him after he died.


Alex was known to be ruthless and cruel

- Alex was known to be ruthless and cruel.

  • He had a fierce temper and mistreated his own loyal advisors and soldiers.

  • Failed to name a legitimate heir when he died.


1 thebes alexander brutally put down their attempt at freedom and independence

1) Thebes- Alexander brutally put down their attempt at freedom and independence.

- his forces killed 6,000 Thebans, sold more than 20,000 citizens into slavery and virtually destroyed the entire city.


2 alexandria egypt alex only founded the site for this city he played no role in the city s growth

2) Alexandria, Egypt- Alex only founded the site for this city. He played no role in the city’s growth.

- They did not allow any Egyptians to learn or become part of the Greek culture. The Egyptians were excluded from helping the city develop and grow.


3 persia alexander s military campaign against persia was brutal and relentless

3) Persia – Alexander’s military campaign against Persia was brutal and relentless.

- He did not care how many casualties(deaths) occurred including his own troops.


Alexander the great hero or villain

- he plundered the riches of Persepolis (Persia’s great capital) and burnt it to the ground- this was a magnificent center of Persian culture.


4 india alexander s forces spent 3 years ruthlessly putting down any indian resistance

4) India- Alexander’s forces spent 3 years ruthlessly putting down any Indian resistance.

- slaughtered males and sold females and children into slavery.


Alexander the great hero or villain

- His campaigns went into the deepest parts of India, regardless of how difficult it was for his own troops.

- Due to the horrific weather conditions and poor living, his troops demanded that he turn around and go home.


Iii conclusion

III. Conclusion:

- On the way home from India, Alexander became ill and died while his forces were in Babylon (present day Iraq) in 323 B.C. E. – he was just 33 years old.


Alexander the great hero or villain

- due to the fact that Alexander did not designate a legitimate heir to the throne, his own relatives and generals fought for control over the land he had conquered.


What happened to alexander s empire

What happened to Alexander’s empire?

1) India returned to it’s original rulers

2) Antigonus- became king of Macedonia

3) Ptolemy-established his own dynasty (the Ptolomies) in Egypt.

4) Seleucus- formed his own empire (the Seleucid Empire) in Persia.

5) Greece- Athens and Sparta became independent and the other polises joined either the Delian or the Peloponnesian Leagues


Alexander the great s last words

Alexander the Great’s last words:

“To whom do you leave your kingdom?”

“To the best and the strongest.”


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