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Poetry Unit. S.C.O.S: 5.01 and 5.02. Warm-up:. Write a definition for each word in the homograph pairs below: Hair/hare Flour/flower Pail/pale Reign/rein. What is Poetry?. It is a way of organized writing that uses lines instead of paragraphs. Elements of Poetry: Form Sound

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Poetry unit

Poetry Unit

S.C.O.S: 5.01 and 5.02

Warm up

  • Write a definition for each word in the homograph pairs below:

  • Hair/hare

  • Flour/flower

  • Pail/pale

  • Reign/rein

What is poetry
What is Poetry?

  • It is a way of organized writing that uses lines instead of paragraphs.

    • Elements of Poetry:

      • Form

      • Sound

      • Figurative Language

      • Imagery

Elements of poetry
Elements of Poetry

  • Form: the way it looks on the page

  • Types of Form:

    • Stanza: groups of lines (4,6,8)

    • Blank Verse: lines have rhythm but do not rhyme

    • Free Verse: lines have no rhythm or rhyme

    • Rhymed: word at the end of some lines rhyme or sound alike

    • Couplet: 2 consecutive lines that rhyme

Elements of poetry1
Elements of poetry

  • Sonnet: 14 lines with a particular rhyme scheme

  • Haiku: a poem of 3 lines with specific syllables in each line (5, 7, 5) and mostly about nature

  • Concrete: a poem that makes a picture on the page

  • Internal rhyme: 2 or more words in the same line rhyme. Ex: The cat in the hat.


  • Helps express meaning and emotions

    • Types of Sound:

      • Rhythm: pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

      • Rhyme: words that sound the same or similar (hat, cat)

      • Alliteration: repeating beginning consonant sounds (big, black bear)

      • Assonance: repeating vowel sounds (the cat in the hat sat on a tac)

      • Onomatopoeia: a word that represents a sound (bang, hiss, pop)

Figurative language
Figurative Language

  • Language that is NOT meant word for word

    • Types of Figurative Language:

      • Simile: a comparison that uses the words LIKE or AS

      • Metaphor: a comparison that DOES NOT use the words like or as

      • Personification: giving human actions or features to something that is not human, (the stars winked at me)

      • Hyperbole: an exaggeration (He weighs a ton!)

      • Idiom: a phrase that has a meaning different from the literal meaning. (Hit the books)

      • Oxymoron: opposite or contradictory terms used in a combined form (pretty ugly)


  • Word or phrases that appeal to the 5 senses

    “I could taste the sourness of the lemon as it made my lips pucker.”

Kinds of poems
Kinds of Poems

Narrative: poems that tell a story

Epic: a long poem about a hero

Ballad: a poem that was originally sung (we still call songs ballads)

Dramatic: a poem that has a conversation among characters. Think Shakespeare!

Lyric: a poem that expresses that poet’s thoughts and feelings

Today is tuesday september 7 2010
Today is Tuesday, September 7, 2010

  • Warm-up: Identify the simile in the following example. Copy the lines in this poem and underline the simile in each line.: “ The willow is like an etching, fine lined against the sky. The ginkgo is like a crude sketch, hardly worthy to be signed.”

Today is wednesday september 8 2010
Today is Wednesday, September 8, 2010

  • Warm-up: In your own words answer the following question: What is a haiku?


  • From the Japanese we have inherited the sensitive yet powerful haiku (high-coo). It is a three-line, seventeen syllable, unrhymed poem about nature.

  • It captures a moment in nature or in life and allows the reader to visualize the scene.

Lets look at the following examples
Lets look at the following examples:

  • An old silent pond (5)

  • A frog jumps into the pond (7)

  • Splash, silence again.(5)


    What images do you see when you hear this poem?

  • In the darkest woods (5)

  • A weeping willow tree cries (7)

  • Who made such sadness? (5)


    What images do you see when you hear this poem?

    What are the descriptive phrases used in this poem?

Let s practice
Let’s Practice:

  • Take these words and turn them into descriptive phrases:

    • For example: lake can be used like this: A lazy, placid lake.

    • Sun

    • Willow tree

    • Night sky

    • Ocean

    • Beach

Today is thursday september 9 2010
Today is Thursday, September 9, 2010

  • Warm-up: Write 2 definitions for each word below:

    • Count

    • Down

    • Fast

    • Fly

Today s agenda
Today’s Agenda:

  • Take out your haiku worksheets

  • With a Partner share your haiku’s and answer the following questions together:

    • Does the first line in my poem have 5 syllables?

    • Does the second line in my poem have 7 syllables?

    • Does the last line in my poem have 5 syllables?

    • What is my partner’s haiku about?

    • Are there any mispelled words in my haiku?

    • What changes will you make to make your haiku more descriptive?

Finalize haiku
Finalize Haiku

  • On a clean sheet of regular or construction paper, re-write your haiku and decorate it.

  • Put you First and Last name, class period, and today’s date on the back of your poem.

Today is friday september 10 2010
Today is Friday, September 10, 2010

  • Warm-up: Write 3 definitions for each homograph:

    • Lap

    • Meter

    • Pound

    • Spell