Mythological and archetypal criticism
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Mythological and Archetypal Criticism. An Approach to The Great Gatsby. Archetypal Characters. A Hero Their quest results in their own destruction. A Scapegoat An innocent character who is blamed and punished. A Loner or Outcast

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Mythological and archetypal criticism

Mythological and Archetypal Criticism

An Approach to The Great Gatsby


Archetypal characters
Archetypal Characters

  • A Hero

    • Their quest results in their own destruction.

  • A Scapegoat

    • An innocent character who is blamed and punished.

  • A Loner or Outcast

    • One who is separated (themselves) because of physical impairment or an emotional or physiological realization makes them different.


Archetypal characters cont d
Archetypal Characters (cont’d)

  • The Temptress

    • The female that a male character desires and it is the cause of his destruction.

  • The Earth Mother or Goddess

    • The nurturing and motherly figure.

  • The Spirit or Intellect

    • An unidentified feminine inspiration.


Archetypal images
Archetypal Images

  • Colors:

    • Red: anger, passion, violence

    • Gold: greatness, value, wealth

    • Green: fertility, luxury, growth, jealousy, envy

    • Sky blue: God-like, holiness, peace, serenity

    • White: purity

  • Yin Yang:

    • One completes or compliments the other because they possess traits the other does not.


Archetypal images cont d
Archetypal Images (cont’d)

  • Numbers

    • Three: Christian trinity

    • Four: seasons and ancient elements (earth, water, fire, air)

    • Twelve: months of the year

  • Water

    • Source of life; cleansing; baptism

  • Gardens

    • Paradise, beauty, hope, rebirth

  • Geometric Shapes

    • Triangle: Christian trinity

    • Circle: Perfection, eternity, completion, unity


Archetypal situations
Archetypal Situations

  • The Quest:

    • A hero’s endeavor to establish his identity or fulfill his destiny.

  • Renewal of Life:

    • Death and rebirth.

  • Initiation:

    • Coming of age and rites of passage

  • The Fall:

    • An event that marks the loss of innocence

    • Fall from grace

  • Redemptive Sacrifice:

    • A voluntary loss (of life). The result is often another’s gain.


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