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Mythological and Archetypal Criticism. An Approach to The Great Gatsby. Archetypal Characters. A Hero Their quest results in their own destruction. A Scapegoat An innocent character who is blamed and punished. A Loner or Outcast

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mythological and archetypal criticism

Mythological and Archetypal Criticism

An Approach to The Great Gatsby

archetypal characters
Archetypal Characters
  • A Hero
    • Their quest results in their own destruction.
  • A Scapegoat
    • An innocent character who is blamed and punished.
  • A Loner or Outcast
    • One who is separated (themselves) because of physical impairment or an emotional or physiological realization makes them different.
archetypal characters cont d
Archetypal Characters (cont’d)
  • The Temptress
    • The female that a male character desires and it is the cause of his destruction.
  • The Earth Mother or Goddess
    • The nurturing and motherly figure.
  • The Spirit or Intellect
    • An unidentified feminine inspiration.
archetypal images
Archetypal Images
  • Colors:
    • Red: anger, passion, violence
    • Gold: greatness, value, wealth
    • Green: fertility, luxury, growth, jealousy, envy
    • Sky blue: God-like, holiness, peace, serenity
    • White: purity
  • Yin Yang:
    • One completes or compliments the other because they possess traits the other does not.
archetypal images cont d
Archetypal Images (cont’d)
  • Numbers
    • Three: Christian trinity
    • Four: seasons and ancient elements (earth, water, fire, air)
    • Twelve: months of the year
  • Water
    • Source of life; cleansing; baptism
  • Gardens
    • Paradise, beauty, hope, rebirth
  • Geometric Shapes
    • Triangle: Christian trinity
    • Circle: Perfection, eternity, completion, unity
archetypal situations
Archetypal Situations
  • The Quest:
    • A hero’s endeavor to establish his identity or fulfill his destiny.
  • Renewal of Life:
    • Death and rebirth.
  • Initiation:
    • Coming of age and rites of passage
  • The Fall:
    • An event that marks the loss of innocence
    • Fall from grace
  • Redemptive Sacrifice:
    • A voluntary loss (of life). The result is often another’s gain.
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