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Fabio Rossi Università di Messina ( [email protected] ). Erasmus IP: IRIC L’immagine riflessa, l’immagine costruita La Sicilia nei media Elementi di storia del cinema internazionale. Bondanella, Peter 2004: Hollywood Italians. Dagos, Palookas, Romeos, Wise Guys, and Sopranos .

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Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67@alice it

Fabio RossiUniversità di Messina([email protected])

Erasmus IP: IRICL’immagine riflessa, l’immagine costruitaLa Sicilia nei media

Elementi di storia del cinema internazionale


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Bondanella, Peter 2004:

Hollywood Italians. Dagos, Palookas, Romeos, Wise Guys, and Sopranos.

New York etc.: Continuum


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

The Black Hand: True Story of a Recent Occurrence in the Italian Quarter

of New York, 1906, Wallace McCutcheon


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Casella, Paola 1998: Hollywood Italian.

Gli italiani nell’America di celluloide, Milano: Baldini & Castoldi

“American movies which portray Italian community, or describe Italian characters, are so numerous that they form an individual cinematographic genre” (Casella 1998:15)


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“The Italian character in the yankee cinema is still quite often connected to the ‘four Ms’ stereotype: Mafia, Mother, Maccheroni and Mandolin” (Casella 1998:15)

“The Hollywood Italian gesticulates crazily and speaks loudly, adores pasta and his mother, maltreats all other women and he is genetically in tune; if he is not a criminal himself, he has at least some relatives inside the Mafia; he cries very often and is racist, vulgar, tasteless in dressing, irascible and violent” (Casella 1998: 15)


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Pippa Passes; or, The Song of Conscience, 1909, David W. Griffith

The Italian, 1915, Thomas H. Ince and C. Gardner Sullivan

My Cousin, 1918, Edward José

Cobra, 1925, Joseph Henabery


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Little Caesar, 1931, Mervyn LeRoy


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Scarface,

Shame of a Nation,

1932, Howard Hawks


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Goodfellas, 1990, Martin Scorsese

“To me, being a gangster was better than being president of the United States”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Cry of the City, 1948, Robert Siodmark


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Bondanella, Peter 2004:

Hollywood Italians. Dagos, Palookas, Romeos, Wise Guys, and Sopranos.

New York etc.: Continuum


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

  • WOPS - DAGOES - GUINEAS

  • PALOOKAS

  • ROMEO or GUIDO

  • FAMILY and EVERYDAY LIFE

  • PARODY OF THE MAFIA


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Prizzi’s Honor, 1985,

John Huston

The Sopranos, 1999-,

TV serial created by

David Chase


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

The Godfather, 1972,

Francis Ford Coppola


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

The Godfather,

Part Two, 1974, Francis Ford Coppola


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

The Godfather, Part Three, 1990, Francis Ford Coppola

“How can we let a criminal like that run our company! He’s got the map of Sicily on his face! Can’t you see? [...] He’s either a catholic or a mafioso!”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“I don’t like your kind of people. I don’t like to see you come out to this clean country, in oily hair, and dressed up in those silk suits, and try to pass yourselves off as decent Americans. I’ll do business with you, but the fact is that I despise your masquerade, the dishonest way you pose yourselves. You and your whole fucking family. (Michael answers to him:) Senator, we are both part of the same hypocrisy. But never think it applies to my family”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Who is “two times himself is also two times stranger” (Bettini, Maurizio (ed.) 1992: Lo straniero ovvero l’identità culturale a confronto, Roma etc.: Laterza: 6)


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“I always wanted to use the Mafia as a metaphor for America [...]. I feel that Mafia is an incredible metaphor for this country. Both are totally capitalistic phenomena and basically have a profit motive” (Coppola in Bondanella 2004: 239-240)


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Big Night,1996, Stanley Tucci and Campbell Scott

Filippo Ottoni: “because Calabrian-Sicilian dialect on the screen is felt by now to be connected irreparably to the Mafia” (Casella 1998: 454)


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“Ciao, bello!”

Moonstruck, 1987, Norman Jewson

“Buonanotte!”

“Ti amo!”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“How long do I have to wait? Quanto io devo aspettare?”

“Johnny, figghiu miu, veni cca, veni cca! Angora aju aspettari?”

“Finalmente, che brutta, signora!”

“Ah, finalmente, che brutto questo grigio!”

“Don’t stand directly under the sun. You’ve got a hat. Use your hat”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

The Rose Tattoo, 1955, Daniel Mann


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“I couldn’t speak nothing in English exept of love”

“Rimasi ammutolita fin dopo la notte del matrimonio. E dopo dissi soltanto amore”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“Serafina: Because you don’t study no civics, tonight.

Rosa: Don’t study no civics. Why do you talk like you just came over in steerage. This isn’t Sicily, mother, and you are not a baroness. You do sewing”

“Serafina: Perché sai di giurare il falso. E questo ti porta male.

Rosa: Ti porta male, ti porta male. Ti è rimasta la mentalità di una contadina siciliana. Quante storie, mamma! Tu non sei una baronessa. Sai solo cucire”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Marty, 1954, Delbert Mann


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“She don’t look Italian to me. I don’t like her”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“You’re the classic self-hating Italian”

Mambo italiano, 2003, Émile Gaudreault

“Being gay and Italian is a fate worse than... actually there is no fate worse than being gay and Italian”

“Nino Paventi: How’d you get in here? The door was locked, the alarm system was on... Lina Paventi: Nino, I’m Sicilian”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

  • “It’s a cultural thing: us Italians we leave the house either two ways. Married or dead”

  • “Things change. Family doesn’t”

  • “It’s not a democracy, it’s a family”

  • “It’s BIGGER... It’s FATTER... It’s not GREEK... and there’ll only be a wedding over mama’s dead body!”

  • “Very fanny... riotous... like my big fat gay Italian wedding”

  • “The slap: the end to the quintessential Italian melodrama”

  • “All hell breaks loose (Italian style of course!) and the battle lines are drawn as “tutta la familglia” goes to war”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Mickey Blue Eyes, 1999, Kelly Makin


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“A taste of Tuscany”

“Traditional tomato passata, buffalo mozzarella and locally sourced Provolone cheese, finished with origano”

“Insalata di porcini e cavalo (Cabbage and Porcini Salad)”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“Risotto.

Our new bambino”


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Director: Giuseppe Tornatore

Actress: Monica Bellucci

Music: Ennio Morricone


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

  • elegance

  • worship of beauty and good taste

  • tendency towards the arts

  • determination to work

  • religious bigotry

  • irrational traditionalism

  • difficulty of linguistic and cultural adaptation

  • machismo and cult of the family

  • extreme elasticity concerning civic and moral behavior

  • bad taste in dressing and rough habits

  • unseemly gesticulations

  • speaking too loudly

  • no respect of social conventions


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

Mac, 1992, John Turturro


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

sciumi→ fiume

scantari→ fare paura

sparagnari → lasciare


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

“La Sicilia offre la rappresentazione di tanti problemi, di tante contraddizioni, non solo italiani ma anche europei, al punto da poter costituire la metafora del mondo odierno” (Leonardo Sciascia, La Sicilia come metafora. Intervista con Marcelle Padovani, Milano, Arnoldo Mondadori, 1989 [I ed. 1979], p. 78)


Fabio rossi universit di messina fab ros67 alice it

THE END


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