Reinventing the Water Cycle
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Reinventing the Water Cycle. www.organicsolutions.in. Table of Contents. Indian Water Story – A Snapshot. The Ugly Face of Water Pollution Decentralized Water Treatment Microbiology in Waste Treatment- The New Alternative FABR Technology Case Studies.

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Organicsolutions

Reinventing the Water Cycle

www.organicsolutions.in


Table of contents

Table of Contents

  • Indian Water Story – A Snapshot

  • The Ugly Face of Water Pollution

  • Decentralized Water Treatment

  • Microbiology in Waste Treatment- The New Alternative

  • FABR Technology

  • Case Studies


Organicsolutions

Water, Water Everywhere! Not a drop to drinkFresh Water constitutes of less than 3% of the total water on the planet

Breakdown of Global Freshwater Reserves

The Indian Water Story

More than 97% Salt Water

Less than 3% Fresh Water

Annual Precipitation 4,000 TrLitres

Domestic

(5%)

Usable water-

1076 Tr litres

36% ground

64% surface

Non-usable Water-

777 Tr Litres

Glaciers

Groundwater

Permafrost

Surface water

68.7%

30.1%

0.8%

0.4%

Industry

(6%)

Availability of water is taken for granted as 70% of our planet is covered with water

Less than 3% of the water is fresh, out of which around 70% is trapped in glaciers

Ground water & Surface water which is the most accessible is under severe pressure

Agriculture

(89%)

Treated Water

30%

Waste & Sewage

16.24 TrLitres


Indian water story demand for water is increasing

Indian Water Story – Demand for water is increasing!

India in the global perspective

Drivers of Water Usage in India

Water Consumption in India

Water Consumption in US

Industrial

Domestic

Agriculture

CAGR

0.56%

CAGR

-0.30%

227

166

187

605

441

93

665

115

1745

542

1658

Total Consumption

(Bn Litres/Day)

Total Consumption

(Bn Litres/Day)

315

2000

2000

2050E

2040E

Per Capita Dometic Consumption (Litres/Day)

Per Capita Dometic Consumption (Litres/Day)

88.9

167

582.7

484.6

Water Consumption in China

CAGR

0.94%

219

105

822

392

1151

Total Consumption

(Bn Litres/Day)

1024

2000

2050E

Per Capita Dometic Consumption (Litres/Day)

82.7

155.4


Indian water story supply side

Indian Water Story- Supply Side

Approx 35% of the official water supply gets ‘lost’

Lost in Transmission

Slums in Urban Areas get only 5% of the water supply

Rich Man’s World

Ground Water Depletion

Digging deeper and deeper into the aquifer to compensate for the lost water

Polluted Rivers

Each one of us lives

downstream


Table of contents1

Table of Contents

  • Indian Water Story – A Snapshot

  • The Ugly Face of Water Pollution

  • Decentralized Water Treatment

  • Microbiology in Waste Treatment- The New Alternative

  • FABR Technology

  • Case Studies


Ground water depletion and pollution

Ground Water Depletion and Pollution

Water Levels Falling Dangerously

Cities unable to

regulate private groundwater

Water becoming

more polluted

Nitrate levels growing, sure sign that SEWAGE has seeped into the aquifer


The tale of dying and dead rivers

The tale of DYING and DEAD rivers

Delhi only remembers Najafgarh- a dirty drain of Yamuna

Delhi does not remember that it was Sahibi which once had its source in a jheel in Aravalli

Mumbai only knows Mithi as a drain, but it was a river

Buddha Nallah was once a Darya


Organicsolutions

Are We able to Manage our Own Waste ???

Partial Treatment = Pollution

The Indian Waste Story

Domestic Waste Generation in cities (MLD), CPCB 2010 report

Only 30% of the total sewage is treated

Waste Scenario in India

  • Cities do not control pollution

  • City can build treatment plant for few not all

  • Spends to treat waste of few

  • Treated Waste of fewgets mixed with untreated waste of majority

  • The result is pollution

  • The result is our rivers remain dirty

In class 2 cities only 8% of the waste is treated

2759 MLD sewage is discharged into Ganga

52% of the sewage in the coastal area goes into the sea

Existing plants are also below standards


Organicsolutions

Are We able to Manage our Own Waste ???

Partial Treatment = Pollution

Case of Delhi

Delhi has 20 drains and 17 STPs

Capacity Exists but Yamuna dead

WHY????


Table of contents2

Table of Contents

  • Indian Water Story – A Snapshot

  • The Ugly Face of Water Pollution

  • Decentralized Water Treatment

  • Microbiology in Waste Treatment- The New Alternative

  • FABR Technology

  • Case Studies


Organicsolutions

Good Things come in Small Packages!!!

Decentralized Waste Treatment is the ‘much needed’ Innovative Solution

Centralized Waste Treatment System

De-centralized Waste Treatment System

High Costs

Location Centric

Skilled Labor

Lower Costs

Huge Grid of pipes

Utilization of treated water

Leakages

The Treatment Plants are not connected to all parts of the city

Sewer Lines get choked

Treated water is not utilized due to high cost of transportation and is discharged into drains and get mixed with untreated sewage

The strategy is to downsize infrastructure, to locally source, treat and re-use the water

Decentralized technologies can be applied at various levels; (a) individual houses (b) cluster of houses (c) Colonies (d) commercial areas/SEZs (e) small portions of larger communities


Table of contents3

Table of Contents

  • Indian Water Story – A Snapshot

  • The Ugly Face of Water Pollution

  • Decentralized Water Treatment

  • Microbiology in Waste Treatment- The New Alternative

  • FABR Technology

  • Case Studies


Organicsolutions

The untapped resource- Microbes

Microbiology in Waste Water Treatment

  • Advances in Microbiology are opening new avenues for cost effective treatment options

  • Biological Technologies for treatment

  • Bio-augmentation of STPs with beneficial microbes

  • Bioremediation of drains, lakes, ponds etc

Microbes- Life forms too tiny to see play a large role in life on earth

Make air breathable

Make us healthy

Help us digest our food

  • Need for beneficial microbes

  • Most common kind of microbes in an STP are the ones that arrive with the fecal matter

    • Pathogenic

    • Low efficiency

  • Hamper the microbial balance and cause problems like

    • Foul odor

    • Sludge deposits

    • Low Treatment Quality

Help us clean our waste


Table of contents4

Table of Contents

  • Indian Water Story – A Snapshot

  • The Ugly Face of Water Pollution

  • Decentralized Water Treatment

  • Microbiology in Waste Treatment- The New Alternative

  • FABR Technology

  • Case Studies


Organicsolutions

Innovative Decentralized Technology leveraging on the benefits of microbes

Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)®

  • Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor – Path Breaking Green Technology

  • Turnkey customised solutions for all sewage treatment requirements

  • Complete Solution from design to operation & training

  • Treatment takes place in an underground baffled tank called FABR

  • It is a gravity based system (water moves from one chamber to another by gravity)

  • It does not require any heavy mechanical equipment or aerators

  • Versatile Technology – can treat flow starting from 1000 litres


Organicsolutions

Treated water outlet

Gas release

Sludge removal & bacteria recycle

Inlet

“Hand in hand with Nature”

Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)®

Up to 90% BOD removal

OS1

Treatment Process

  • Can be built totally underground.

  • The space can be utilized for other purposes like car parking, lawns, driveways etc.

  • There is no foul odor in the area utilized for STP


Table of contents5

Table of Contents

  • Indian Water Story – A Snapshot

  • The Ugly Face of Water Pollution

  • Decentralized Water Treatment

  • Microbiology in Waste Treatment- The New Alternative

  • FABR Technology

  • Case Studies


Organicsolutions

Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)®

Versatile Decentralized Applications

A. Individual Houses/Farm-Houses

Project Details

Location: Chattarpur, Delhi

Flow : 4000 Litres/Day

Output BOD: <25 mg/l

Treated water is used for horticulture purposes

Sludge Filter

Treatment Plant with bacteria tanks


Organicsolutions

Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)®

Versatile Decentralized Applications

B. Residential Township

Project Details

Location: Manesar, Haryana

Client: One of leading Real Estate Developers

Flow : 40 KL/Day (for this plant)

Number of plants: 10-12

Output BOD: <30 mg/l

Treated water is used for horticulture purposes

Treatment Plant

Treated Water being used in the surrounding green belt

Cluster of Houses connected to the STP


Organicsolutions

Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)®

Versatile Decentralized Applications

C. Factories

Project Details

Location: Gurgaon

Client: Matrix Clothing

Flow : 50 KL/Day

Output BOD: <30 mg/l

Treated water is used for horticulture purposes

Treatment Plant


Organicsolutions

Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)®

Versatile Decentralized Applications

D. Restaurants/Malls

Treatment Plant

Project Details

Location: Manesar, Gurgaon

Client: Mc Donalds

Flow : 10KL /Day (including kitchen effluent)

Output BOD: <35 mg/l

Treated water is used for horticulture purposes

Bacteria Dosing


Organicsolutions

Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)®

Versatile Decentralized Applications

E. Government Camps/Townships

Project Details

Location: Kadarpur, Gurgaon

Client: CRPF camp (CPWD)

Flow : 1 MLD/Day

No. Of Plants – 2 (0.5 MLD each)

Output BOD: <20mg/l

Treated water is used for horticulture purposes


Organicsolutions

Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)®

Versatile Decentralized Applications

F. Schools/Colleges/Universities

Project Details

Location: AMITY Jaipur

Client: One of India’s leading private universities

Flow : 300 KL/Day

Output BOD: <20 mg/l

Treated water is used for horticulture purposes and for flushing in toilets

Treatment Plant

Treated Water

Treated Water being used in lawns


Organicsolutions

Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)®

Versatile Decentralized Applications

F. Schools/Colleges/Universities

Project Details

Location: AMITY Manesar

Client: One of India’s leading private universities

Flow : 500 KL/Day

Output BOD: <20 mg/l

Treated water is used for horticulture purposes and for flushing in toilets


Organicsolutions

Bio-augmentation of existing STPs

Versatile Applications of microbiology

G. Modified Plants (earlier Extended Aeration Plant)

Project Details

Location: Mysore

Flow : 45 MLD/Day

Earlier the client was spending 12 Lacs per month for 18 hrs operation without satisfactory results

After using OS1 fermentative technology

Savings/Month: Rs. 6 Lacs every month

Output BOD: <20 mg/l

Sludge deposits in sewage

3 weeks after inoculation of OS1

8 weeks after inoculation of OS1

5 weeks after inoculation of OS1


Organicsolutions

Bio-augmentation of existing STPs

Versatile Applications of microbiology

G. Modified Plants (earlier Extended Aeration Plant)

Project Details

Location: Manesar, Gurgaon

Client: One of India’s premier security forces

Flow : 1.5 MLD/Day

Savings/Month: Rs. 1 Lac every month

Output BOD: <20 mg/l

Treated Water is used for Horticulture Purposes

Aerators being turned off

Bacteria dosing in the manhole

Treated water being used in NSG campus

Treated water quality


Organicsolutions

Bio-remediation

Versatile Applications of microbiology

G. Lakes/Ponds/Drains

Project Details

Location: Mysore

Microbial application for foul odor removal and treatment of organic matter

Sewage Influx into lake

Thick mat of algal scum

Lake After Treatment

Bacterial culture being sprayed


Thank you

Thank You

For Further Details Contact-

Organic Solutions

www.organicsolutions.in

[email protected]


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