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World War II. March 23, 1919 Benito Mussolini formed the basis for the Fascist Party Oct. 28, 1922 March on Rome; Mussolini took power in Italy. Italy. 1922 Soviet Union formed under V.I. Lenin 1924 Lenin died; Trotsky and Stalin vie for power

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Italy

March 23, 1919 Benito Mussolini formed the basis for the Fascist Party

Oct. 28, 1922 March on Rome; Mussolini took power in Italy

Italy


Soviet union ussr

1922 Soviet Union formed under V.I. Lenin Fascist Party

1924 Lenin died; Trotsky and Stalin vie for power

1928 Stalin began forced industrialization (Five Year Plan)

1929 Stalin became dictator

1932-1933 Famine created in the Ukraine and other Soviet satellites

Soviet Union (USSR)


Germany 1919 1923

Weimar Republic Fascist Party

Social and political unrest

Military occupation of western regions of Germany

Economic hardships

Freikorps

Germany 1919-1923


Adolf hitler

Born near Linz, Austria on April 20,1889 Fascist Party

Early life

Enlisted in the German army in 1914, and served throughout WW I. Decorated with the Iron Cross.

Remained in the army after the war.

Sent to spy on small German Worker’s Party (DAP)

Adolf Hitler


Hitler

1920 Changed name of the party to the National Socialist German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

Nov. 8-9, 1923 Beer Hall Putsch

Hitler spent 5 months in prison for his role in the putsch.

Mein Kampf

Hitler


Nazi rise to power 1925 1933

1925 Restructuring of the NSDAP German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

SA

Legal election.

1929 Great Depression

By 1930 Nazis were the second largest party in Germany

Jan. 30, 1933 Hitler became chancellor

Nazi Rise to Power 1925-1933


Nazis in power 1933 1934

Feb. 27, 1933 Reichstag fire German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

March 23, 1933 Enabling Act

SS Heinrich Himmler

June 30, 1934 Night of the Long Knives

Aug. 2, 1934 Hindenburg died; Hitler in sole power.

Nazis in Power 1933-1934


Road to war 1935 1939

1935 Versailles Treaty renounced; Germany began rearmament German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

March 13, 1936 Rhineland reoccupied

Spanish Civil War 1936-1939

March 1938 Austria annexed

Sept. 28, 1938 Sudetenland

March 1939 Czechoslovakia annexed

Road to war 1935-1939


Aug. 23, 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

Sept.1, 1939 Poland invaded

Sept. 3 Britain and France declared war

Sept. 17 Soviets invaded eastern Poland

Sept. 27 Poland surrendered

War


Poland 1939
Poland 1939 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Western front 1939 may 1940

Sept. 1939- April 1940 Phony War German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

April 1940 Wehrmacht invaded Denmark and Norway

May 1940 Belgium and the Netherlands invaded

May 10 France invaded through the Ardennes Forest

May 26 OPN DYNAMO

June 22 France surrendered

Western Front 1939-May 1940


Battle of britain
Battle of Britain German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

  • Began July 10, 1940 after Churchill declined to negotiate peace

  • First battle fought entirely in the air

  • Luftwaffe 2800 planes Royal Air Force 700

  • Radar and command and control stations

  • Sept. 7 Beginning of the Blitz.

  • Oct. Luftwaffe switched to night bombing.


Balkans 1940 1941

Oct. 28, 1940 Italy invaded Greece German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

April 1940 British troops arrive in Greece

April 1941 Yugoslavia and Greece overrun by Wehrmacht

May 20-June 1 Battle of Crete

Balkans 1940-1941


Operation barbarossa june 22 1941
OPERATION BARBAROSSA JUNE 22, 1941 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

  • 116 divisions (14 motorized), 19 panzer divisions, 9 support divisions

  • Set for April, but postponed until June due to Greek and Yugoslav operations

  • June 22 Invasion

  • 2000 Soviet planes destroyed in 1 week

  • Siege of Leningrad Sept. 1941-Jan. 1944


Russia oct dec 1941

Georgy Zhukov appointed head of the Red Army German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

Oct. 19 Moscow declared under siege

Russian winter

Dec. 5 Russian counteroffensive

Germans driven 40 miles from Moscow

Russia Oct.- Dec. 1941


Russia 1941
Russia 1941 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Japan 1937 1941

July 28, 1937 Japan invaded China German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

US declared an embargo on Japanese war material

Sept. 27, 1940 Japan joins the Axis powers

Yamato and Musashi

Japan 1937-1941


Pearl harbor dec 7 1941
Pearl Harbor Dec. 7, 1941 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

  • Pearl Harbor attacked by aircraft from 4 carriers

  • Arizona, Oklahoma, West Virginia, California sunk

  • 18 damaged ships total, 188 aircraft, 3581 US service personnel and civilians killed

  • Japanese losses totaled 50 men and 30 aircraft

  • US declared war on Dec. 8; Dec. 11 Germany and Italy declared war on US


Pearl harbor
Pearl Harbor German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Us and japanese naval power
US and Japanese Naval Power German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Pacific war 1942
Pacific War 1942 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

  • The Philippeans fell to the Japanese on May 6,1942

  • Bataan Death March

  • April 18 Doolittle Raid

  • May 2-7 Battle of the Coral Sea

  • June 4-6 Battle of Midway

  • Aug. 7- Feb. 7, 1943 Battle of Guadalcanal


1942 pacific
1942 Pacific German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Pacific losses 1942
Pacific Losses 1942 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

  • Battle of the Coral Sea May 7-8

  • US: 1carrier, 66 aircraft, 543 men killed

  • Japan: 1 carrier, 77 aircraft, 1074 men killed

  • Battle of Midway June 4-7

  • US: 1 carrier, 147 aircraft, 307 men

  • Japan: 4 carriers, 1 cruiser, 272 aircraft, 3500 men

  • Gaudalcanal August 7-February 9, 1943

  • US: 1600 killed, 4200 wounded

  • Japan: 23,000 killed, 1000 prisoners


Battle for africa 1924 1943

Afrika Korps under Erwin Rommel German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

Aug. 13 Bernard Montgomery

Oct. 23- Nov. 5, 1942

Nov. 8, 1942 OPN TORCH

May 7, 1943 Germans defeated in Africa

Battle for Africa 1924-1943


Russia 1942 1943

Spring 1942 German Sixth Army began a drive to Stalingrad German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

Aug. 19 First attacks on Stalingrad

Fierce house to house fighting

Nov. 19 Russian counteroffensive encircles German Sixth Army

Hitler orders Sixth Army to hold its ground

Dec. 23 relief attempt ends in failure

Feb. 3, 1943 Von Paulus surrendered

Germans resurgent

July 5-23, 1943 Battle of Kursk

Russia 1942-1943


Russian front 1942 1943
Russian Front 1942-1943 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Eastern front losses sept july 1943
Eastern Front Losses German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)Sept-July 1943

  • Battle of Stalingrad Sept.-Jan. 1943

  • Germans 207,000 killed or wounded, 93,000 taken prisoner

  • Soviets 480,000 killed and missing

  • Battle of Kursk July 5-13, 1943

  • Germans 50,000 killed 323 tanks destroyed

  • Soviets 177,880 killed 1614 tanks destroyed


Italy 1943 1944
Italy 1943-1944 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

  • July 9- Aug. 7, 1943 OPN HUSKY

  • Sept. 3, 1943 Italy surrendered

  • Winter 1943- May 11, 1944 Battles for Monte Cassino

  • Jan. 22, 1944 Anzio

  • June 4, 1944 Rome captured


Air warfare 1943 1945 europe
Air Warfare 1943-1945 Europe German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Tanks of world war ii 1944 western front
Tanks of World War II German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)1944 Western Front


Battle for france 1944

June 6 D-Day German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

July 3 OPN Cobra

July 20 Bomb Plot

Aug. 19-25 Battle for Paris

Sept. 17-25 OPN MARKET-GARDEN

Dec. 16-Jan. 25, 1945 Battle of the Bulge

Battle for France 1944


1944 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


1944 pacific

June 15 Saipan German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

June 19-20 Battle of the Philippean Sea “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”

July-Sept. Guam and Peleliu fell to US

Oct. 23-26 Battle of Leyte Gulf

1944 Pacific


1945 europe

Jan-April Russians push into eastern Europe German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

Feb. 4-11 Yalta Conference

March-April US and British forces cross the Rhine into Germany

April 22 Russians reach Berlin

April 25 US and Russian troops meet at Torgau

April 30 Hitler committed suicide

May 2 Berlin surrendered as did Germans in Italy

May 7-8 VE Day

1945 Europe


1945 europe1
1945 Europe German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Europe 1944 1945
Europe 1944-1945 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

  • Battle for France June 6-August 25

  • Allied: 43,000 killed, 172,000 wounded

  • Germans: 509,000 killed, wounded and captured

  • OPN Bagration June 22-August 29,1944

  • Germans: 350,000 killed wounded and captured

  • Soviets: 178,000 killed, 587,000 wounded

  • Battle of the Bulge Dec. 16-Jan. 16, 1945

  • US: 81,000 killed wounded or captured

  • Germans 100,000 killed wounded or captured

  • Battle of Berlin April16-May 2, 1945

  • Germans: 500,000 killed wounded or captured

  • Soviets: 81,000 killed, 272,000 wounded


1945 pacific

Jan. 9 US troops land in the Philippeans German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

Feb. 19-Mar. 26 Battle of Iwo Jima

April 1-June 23 Battle of Okinawa

Aug. 6 Hiroshima

Aug. 9 Nagasaki

Sept. 2 VJ Day

1945 Pacific


1945 pacific1
1945 Pacific German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Pacific 1945
Pacific 1945 German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

  • Iwo Jima Feb. 19-March 26

  • US: 6,821 killed 19,217 wounded

  • Japan: 20,867 killed, 1,083 captured

  • Okinawa April 1-June 30

  • US: 12,000 killed, 36,000 wounded

  • Japan 107,539 killed, 23,764 sealed in caves or buried, 10,755 captured


Nazi war crimes the holocaust
Nazi War Crimes German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)The Holocaust

  • 1935 Nuremburg Laws

  • Nov. 9, 1938 Kristallnacht

  • 1940-1945 Ghettos and mass deportations to eastern Europe

  • 1941-1943 Einsatzgruppen

  • Jan 20, 1942 Wannsee Conference

  • 1942-1945 Concentration Camps

  • Auschwitz, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Dachau, Bergen-Belsen

  • Nov. 14, 1945-Oct. 1, 1946 Nuremburg Trials


Nazi atrocities
Nazi Atrocities German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Holocaust
Holocaust German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)


Aftermath of world war ii

Allies German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

14,000,000 military deaths

36,000,000 civilian deaths

6,000,000 Jews murdered by Nazis

Axis

8,000,000 military deaths

4,000,000 civilian deaths

72,000,000 total deaths for all of World War II

Aftermath of World War II


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