Where We Are Now. Project Management Structures. Challenges to Organizing Projects The uniqueness and short duration of projects relative to ongoing longer-term organizational activities
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No Structural Change
Easy Post-Project Transition
Lack of Focus
Lack of Ownership
Divisiveness between project team and the parent company
Limited (in-house) Technological Expertise
Difficult Post-Project Transition
Advantages (compared to functional org.)
Strong Project Focus
Easier Post-Project Transition
Predicated on tension between functional managers and project managers,
Due to different expertise & perspectives, resulting from conflicting agendas and accountabilities.
Among project managers due to sharing resources
As it violates the unity of commandmgt. principle
Slower than projectized org.
In order to forge agreements across functional groups
Project Manager Negotiated Issues Functional Manager
What has to be done? Who will do the task? How will it be done?
When should the task be done? Where will the task be done?
How much money is available to Why will the task be done? How will the project involvementdo the task?impact normal functional activities?
How well has the total project Is the task satisfactorilyHow well has the functional been done? completed? input been integrated?
Source: Larson, E. W., and Gobeli, D. H., “Matrix Management: Contradictions and Insights,” California Management Review, vol. 29, no. 4 (Summer 1987), p. 137.
Dedicated project team
Project Office (PO)