What is an Expository Text & How to Read Them!. What is Expository (Non-fiction) Text ?. Non-fiction (True!) Informative Analytical- A big word that means you analyze things! Descriptive Sometimes, it can be… Boring!. Expository text makes up the bulk of (most of) what adults read.
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What is an
Expository Text & How to Read Them!
In school, after 2nd or 3rd grade, this is also true for students!
(Often the only exception is reading fiction books
during SSR time).
Look for expository text features, or “clues,” that will help you to understand the reading material. Some features are:
Captions (Often appear below pictures)
A footnote appears at the bottom of a text beside a number (in order), and tends to provide background information on a subject, or provides references as to where material was gathered from.
Table of Contents
Source for all text and the picture of Jefferson material, and to see more examples of expository text features: http://www.history.org/Almanack/people/bios/biojeff1.cfm
Source for text, map, and photograph regarding ancient Rome, and for further examples if expository text/historical information: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/romans/the_roman_army/
Because it’s non-fiction informational text. (It’s true!)
Now let’s talk about Text Structures found in Expository texts….
There are certain elements found in expository text, each type of element makes its own demands on the reader:
1.Informational (description) –
The author lists characteristics, features, and examples to describe a subject. Clue words for description include for example & characteristics.
they are mammals
sleep in daytime
hang upside down
2.sequence– The author lists items or eventsin numerical or chronological order. Clue words include first, second, third, next, then and finally.
Almost 300 males
competed in the
began in 1896
in 394 A.D.
in 276 B.C.
3.comparison– The author explains how two or more things are alike or different. Clue words include different, in contrast, alike, same as, or on the other hand.
Easter & 4th of July
Summer and Winter
seasons – sun shines
sports are played
no flowers blooming
Christmas & New Years
4.cause & effect– The author explains one or more causesandthe resulting effect or effects. Clue words are reasons why, if, then, as a result, therefore, and because.
5.problem & solution– The author states a problemandlists one or more solutions for the problem. Clue words are problem is, dilemma is, puzzle is, solve, question, and answer.