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What is an Expository Text & How to Read Them!. What is Expository (Non-fiction) Text ?. Non-fiction (True!) Informative Analytical- A big word that means you analyze things! Descriptive Sometimes, it can be… Boring!. Expository text makes up the bulk of (most of) what adults read.

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What is an

Expository Text & How to Read Them!


What is expository non fiction text
What is Expository (Non-fiction) Text?

  • Non-fiction (True!)

  • Informative

  • Analytical- A big word that means you analyze things!

  • Descriptive

  • Sometimes, it can be…

  • Boring!


In school, after 2nd or 3rd grade, this is also true for students!

(Often the only exception is reading fiction books

during SSR time).


Where is it found
Where is it found? read.

  • Expository text can be found in many different informational resources including:

  • Academic websites

  • Textbooks

  • Non-fiction section of the library


Where is it found continued
Where is it found? (continued) read.

  • Encyclopedias

  • Newspapers

  • Biographies

  • As well as any other non fiction text. If you are learning, it’s probably expository!


How to read expository text
How to read expository text read.

Look for expository text features, or “clues,” that will help you to understand the reading material. Some features are:

  • Photographs

  • Headlines and titles

  • Footnotes

Captions (Often appear below pictures)

1

1

A footnote appears at the bottom of a text beside a number (in order), and tends to provide background information on a subject, or provides references as to where material was gathered from.


Features continued
Features (Continued) read.

  • Graphs and tables

  • Maps

Table of Contents


Continued
Continued… read.

  • Bolded words

  • Bullets or symbols 

  • Glossary


Features explained
Features Explained read.

  • Each of these helpful features can be a useful tool in allowing the reader to understand the information in the text. For the most part, anything on the page that JUMPS OUT AT YOU or catches youreyeis a feature designed to make the expository text easier to read.


Practice identify the features in this sample text
Practice! Identify the Features in this Sample Text read.

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Source for all text and the picture of Jefferson material, and to see more examples of expository text features: http://www.history.org/Almanack/people/bios/biojeff1.cfm


Practice identify the features in this sample text1
Practice! Identify the Features in this Sample Text read.

1

1

Source for text, map, and photograph regarding ancient Rome, and for further examples if expository text/historical information: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/romans/the_roman_army/


Review
Review read.

  • Explain why the Thomas Jefferson biography excerpt and the historical information on the Romans is expository text.

Because it’s non-fiction informational text. (It’s true!)


Now let’s talk about Text Structures found in Expository texts….

There are certain elements found in expository text, each type of element makes its own demands on the reader:

  • Informational (description)

  • sequence or chronological (means time order)

  • compare & contrast

  • cause & effect,

  • problem & solution.


Elements of expository text
Elements of Expository Text: texts….

1.Informational (description) –

The author lists characteristics, features, and examples to describe a subject. Clue words for description include for example & characteristics.

Have wings

use soundwaves

they are mammals

They fly

eat insects

Bats

sleep in daytime

hang upside down

different

kinds


Elements of expository text1
Elements of Expository Text: texts….

2.sequence– The author lists items or eventsin numerical or chronological order. Clue words include first, second, third, next, then and finally.

Almost 300 males

competed in the

1896 Olympics

Modern Olympics

began in 1896

Olympics ended

in 394 A.D.

Olympics began

in 276 B.C.


Elements of expository text2
Elements of Expository Text: texts….

3.comparison– The author explains how two or more things are alike or different. Clue words include different, in contrast, alike, same as, or on the other hand.

no snow

warmer temperatures

flowers

baby animals

Easter & 4th of July

Summer and Winter

seasons – sun shines

sports are played

snow

colder temperatures

no flowers blooming

bears hibernate

Christmas & New Years


Elements of expository text3
Elements of Expository Text: texts….

4.cause & effect– The author explains one or more causesandthe resulting effect or effects. Clue words are reasons why, if, then, as a result, therefore, and because.


Elements of expository text4
Elements of Expository Text: texts….

5.problem & solution– The author states a problemandlists one or more solutions for the problem. Clue words are problem is, dilemma is, puzzle is, solve, question, and answer.


So to summarize
So to Summarize…. texts….

  • Expository Non-fiction is...


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