Introductory adverbs
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Introductory Adverbs. Adverbs . A word that modifies (describes) a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Remember, most adverbs end in “ ly ”. Modifying a verb – Ex. Ancient peoples often saw designs in the stars, called constellations.

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Adverbs
Adverbs

  • A word that modifies (describes) a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

  • Remember, most adverbs end in “ly”.

    • Modifying a verb – Ex. Ancient peoples often saw designs in the stars, called constellations.

    • Modifying an adjective – I was very glad school was starting.

    • Modifying other adverbs – The boy moved very quickly from the room.


Introductory adverbs1
Introductory Adverbs

Introductory adverbs are individual adverbs or adverb clauses at the beginning of a sentence.


What is a clause
What is a clause?

  • A clause is a group of words with its own subject and predicate.

  • There are two types of clauses

    • Independent – can stand by itself in a complete sentence.

      • Ex. The boywent to the park.


What is a clause p 2
What is a clause? (p.2)

  • Subordinate/Dependent clauses – cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence.

    • Ex. Because he woke up late, he missed his flight.


Adverb clauses
Adverb Clauses

  • Adverb clauses are dependent clauses that modify (describe) a verb, an adjective, another adverb.

  • All adverb clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions.

  • They answer the following questions:

    • Where?, When?, In what way?, To what extent?, Under what condition, Why?


Most commonly used subordinating conjunctions
Most commonly used subordinating conjunctions

  • after even though unless

  • although if until

  • as in order that when

  • as if since whenever

  • as long as so that where

  • because than wherever

  • before though while


Here is the formula
Here is the formula!!

  • subordinating conjunction+clause +comma+ clause

    • Because I was absent yesterday, I missed the assignment.


More examples
More Examples

  • Wherever they need to go, Vai people carry their possessions on their head. (Where?)

  • I will help you with your English whenever you ask. (When?)

  • Jamie wanted to stay because the band was good. (Why?)


Individual adverbs
Individual Adverbs

  • Adding an individual adverb to the beginning of a sentence is easy!!

    • Think of a adverb (usually a word that ends in (“ly”)

    • Put the word at the beginning of your sentence and set it off with a comma! 

    • IMPORTANT!! – DON’T FORGET THE COMMA!!

      • Examples:

        • Carefully, the boy lifted the kitten out of the box.

        • Yesterday, I passed Mrs. Welty's test with flying colors.

        • Clearly, he had run the race well.



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