China under mao zedong
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China under Mao Zedong. Group #1: Issiree Arnonkitpanich, Amanda Schafer & Michael Huynh. China under Mao Zedong. The early years The Chinese Transformation The Great Leap Forward & The Cultural Revolution. The Early Years (1921-1949). Mao’s Background: A rural peasant family

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China under Mao Zedong

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China under mao zedong

China under Mao Zedong

Group #1: Issiree Arnonkitpanich, Amanda Schafer & Michael Huynh


China under mao zedong1

China under Mao Zedong

  • The early years

  • The Chinese Transformation

  • The Great Leap Forward & The Cultural Revolution


The early years 1921 1949

The Early Years (1921-1949)

  • Mao’s Background:

    • A rural peasant family

    • Interested in politics matters

    • Ambition to broaden his views


The early years 1921 19491

The Early Years (1921-1949)

  • 1918: The May Fourth Movement

  • 1921: Mao joined the new Chinese Communist Party (CCP)

  • 1923: the Nationalist People’s Party, Guomindang (GMD)

  • 1926: Nationalist general Chiang kai-shek led the Northern Expedition


The early years 1921 19492

The Early Years (1921-1949)

  • 1927: Chiang kai-shek attacked CCP

  • 1936: Japan attacked China

  • 1945: During the WW2, the Soviet Union supported to Mao’s armies.

  • The end of the Civil War


The early years 1921 19493

The Early Years (1921-1949)

  • Maoism

    • Marxism-Leninism

    • Focus on the peasantry

    • Emphasizes "revolutionary mass mobilization”


Transformation 1949 1957

Transformation (1949-1957)

  • 1949: Peoples Republic of China proclaimed October 1, 1949

  • February 1950: Mao signs “Treaty of Friendship with Russia

    • Russia provides partnership in reconstruction & rehabilitation

    • Restored railways and canals to distribute food and fuel to people

  • June 1950: Land reform introduced

    • Attempt to redistribute land equally among people & reduce power held by individuals


Transformation 1949 19571

Transformation (1949-1957)

  • 1950-53: Korean War-

  • China & N.Korea VS.

  • U.S., United Nations & S.Korea

    • Mao increases government controls, ending all Western or Capitalist influence on economy

    • Major industries nationalized, labor relations, hospitals, schools


Transformation 1949 19572

Transformation (1949-1957)

  • 1952: ‘Five Anti Campaign’- Aimed to clean up corruption in China

    • Lead against merchants & businessmen accused of bribery, dishonesty or fraud

    • Accusations spread to countryside, millions died

  • 5 Antis:

    • Bribery

    • Theft

    • Tax Evasion

    • Cheating on government contracts

    • Stealing state economic information


Transformation 1949 19573

Transformation (1949-1957)

  • 1953-58: First 5 Year Plan – Plan to develop industry & agriculture

    • 1955: Mao calls for more village farm collectives

  • 1956: “Hundred Flowers Campaign”

    • Mao invites suggestions from scholars and writers on improving communist system

  • 1957: Campaign dropped and those found criticizing government are punished

    • End of freedom of thought for China, reinforcing dictatorial power of CCP


The great leap forward 1958 1961

The Great Leap Forward (1958-1961)

  • Second 5 year plan to compete with the West

  • Agricultural Production

  • Steel Production

    • Scrap metal –tools, pots,pans, etc.

    • Backyard Production – furnaces made by the peasants


The great leap forward 1958 19611

The Great Leap Forward (1958-1961)

  • Negative Results

    • Plan was abandoned early

    • Goals were not met

    • Injuries

    • Starvation from famine

    • Million of deaths


The great leap forward 1958 19612

The Great Leap Forward (1958-1961)

  • Positive Results

    • 1961-1965 Recovery

    • Chinese government made agriculture receiving first consideration, light industry second, and heavy industry third.

    • production in both agriculture and industry surpassed the peak levels of the GLF by 1966


The cultural revolution 1966 1969

The Cultural Revolution (1966-1969)

  • Purge the communist party’s opponents and instill revolutionary values in the younger generation

  • Eliminate Mao’s threats

  • Peasant and worker equality

  • Red Guards


The cultural revolution 1966 19691

The Cultural Revolution (1966-1969)

  • Negative Results

    • Schools were closed

    • Traditional art, literature, paintings were burned

    • Historical buildings, temples and churches were destroyed

    • People were beaten to death for opposing Maoism


The cultural revolution 1966 19692

The Cultural Revolution (1966-1969)

  • Positive Results

  • China exploded its first H-Bomb (1967)

  • Various advances in science and technology.

  • Healthcare was made free and living standards in the countryside continued to improve.


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Maoism created the foundation for modern Chinese ideals

  • Mao modernized Chinese industry and political culture

  • Although millions of lives lost during Mao’s reign, the Chinese economy did progress


Questions

Questions???


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