Cmo influencia el currculo el trabajo sobre equidad de gnero
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Cómo influencia el currículo el trabajo sobre equidad de género How the curriculum can influence and work with the gender subject Maria Izabel Azevedo Noronha President of APEOESP - Trade Union of Public Schools Teachers of Sao Paulo Member of the National Education Council Brasil.

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Cmo influencia el currculo el trabajo sobre equidad de gneroHow the curriculum can influence and work with the gender subjectMaria Izabel Azevedo NoronhaPresident of APEOESP - Trade Union of Public Schools Teachers of Sao PauloMember of the National Education CouncilBrasil


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Brasil ha dado importantespasos en el combate a todaslasformas de prejuicios, discriminacin, particularmente en materia de igualdaddesde el 2003:Creacin del Secretariado Especial de DerechosHumanos, Mujer y promocin de Equidad Racial. and the Promotion of Racial Equality Combate al racismo, intoleranciareligiosa, de genero y porotrasrazones. Brasil have been giving very important steps in the combat all forms of prejudice and discrimination, particularly gender, since 2003: Creation of special secretariat of Human Rights, Women and the Promotion of Racial Equality Combat of racism, religious intolerance, gender bias and many other issues


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Algunasiniciativas: -Ley Maria daPenha -EstatutosobreEquidad Racial -Cuotaspororigen racial parauniversidadesCNTE siempre ha estado al frente de la defensa de estasiniciativas y ha participado en importantesespaciosquetocanestostemas a nivelnacional e internacional Some initiatives: -Maria daPenha Law -Racial Equality Statute -Racial quotas for admission to public universities The National Confederation of Education Workers and their unions has always been at the forefront of this fight and participate in initiatives of great importance nationally and internationally. .


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Entre varias manifestaciones de intolerancia y prejuicio en Brasil, la discriminacin por razn de gnero se manifiesta fuertemente en todos los ambientes, regiones y clases sociales. Su origen puede encontrarse en la familia y en la escuela. Se expresa en las opciones de juguetes infantiles segn el sexo, as como en los roles asignados a nios y nias segn patrones predeterminados de comportamiento. Among various manifestations of intolerance and prejudice in Brazil, gender discrimination manifests itself very strongly in all environments, regions and social classes.Its origin can be found in family and at school. It express oneself already in the choice of toys for children according to their sex. Also children's games in the roles of boys and girls are pre-defined, as well certain patterns of behavior.


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El modelo de familia tradicional como un ncleo formado por hombre y mujer se ha instalado en la sociedad brasilea. Otras posibilidades de formas de familia se enienden como anormales y son vistas como algo raro y rechazadas. Nuestra sociedad tiene dificultad en lidiar las diferencias y la libertad en las decisiones, no slo en cuanto orientacin sexual, sino tmabin en cuanto a poltica y otros comportamientos. The model family rooted in traditional Brazilian society is that one formed from a nucleus consisting of one man and one woman. Other possibilities for the constitution of the family are thus "abnormal" and they should be viewed with strangeness or rejected. Our society has difficulty in dealing with difference and with freedom of choice, not only in relation to sexual orientation but also in relation to the culture, the politics and the behavior


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.La homofobia puede verse como la prctica de rechazo y hostilidad hacia quienes noo se ajustan a un rol socialmente predeterminado segn su sexo biolgico. La homofobia adems se ampara en que hay que defender una forma de sexualidad (heterosexual) y no alguna otra (homosexual).Homophobia can be regarded as rejection and hostility directed to everybody that do not adjust with the role predetermined by their biological sex, based on the promotion of a form of sexuality (hetero) over another (homo) sexuality.


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La escuela en la sociedad capitalista tiene la funcin de regular la socializacin de nias y nios, y su paso de la esfera privada (familia) a la esfera pblica. Esto incluye adems la formacion intelectual, la disciplina y el modelo de relacin con los cuerpos segn reglas morales establecidasThe school, in capitalist society, has the function of regulating the child's socialization, through its passage of the private sphere (family) into the public sphere This includes, in addition to intellectual training, disciplining and modeling of the bodies of students according to established moral rules..


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La escuela reproduce las inequidades que son resultado de prcticas sexistas y homofbicas impuestas desde algunos crculos jerrquicos.El estudio prejuicios y discriminacin en el espacio escolar (Brasil 2009) muestra que 99.3% de estudiantes, padres, directores, docentes y funcionarios revelan algun tipo de prejucio racial, por status socioeconmico, gnero, orientacion sexual y por necesidades especiales. The school reproduces the inequalities pointed by the hierarchy of gender keeping sexist and homophobic practices in their inner circle.Research Prejudice and Discrimination in the School Environment (Brasil, 2009): 99.3% of students, parents, principals, teachers and employees reveal some kind of racial or ethnic prejudice, socioeconomic status, related to people with special needs, gender, generation, sexual orientation or territorial.


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La campaa electoral del 2010: volantes con mensajes xenfobos contra inmigrantes y del Nordeste, as como prejuicios sexistas fueron parte de los ataques contra Dilma Rousseff. Pero la escuela es un espacio privilegiado para promover el reconocimiento y respecto de la diversidad y las diferencias.General election campaign of 2010: xenophobic messages flyers against migrants and people of Northeast and prejudice against women - attacks directed to the candidate Rousseff.But the school is also a privileged space to promote recognition and respect for diversity and differences.


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La transformacin de esta situacin requiere un profundo cambio cultural en las sociedades y las escuelas, que tendr un papel fundamental en el proceso de: Formacion inicial y en servicio de docentes en materia de educacin sexual. The transformation of this situation requires profound social, cultural and behavioral changes in our society and the school has a fundamental paper in this process: Initial and continuing training of educators - positive outlook on the other, especially in matters of sexuality.


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La revisin permanente del curriculun y la produccin, difusin y evaluacion continua de los materiales y enfoques que promuevan contenidos pedaggicamente apropiados. el curriculo escolar, especialmente en segundaria, deben discutir temticas reales que afectan estudiantes, a la escuela y a la sociedad. Permanent curriculum revision and the production, dissemination and continuous evaluation of educational materials and approaches that promote more pedagogically appropriate content.The school curriculum, especially that of the high school, need to discuss the real issues that affect students and society - also the reality of the school.


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Algunas iniciativas recientes: Conferencia Nacional de Educacin Bsica en el 2008 conferencia Nacional de Educacin en el 2010, que indic lineamientos para un Plan Nacional de Educacin (2011-2020) con respeto a la fiversidad. Ministerio de Educacin anuncia que enviarn a las escuelas material que gue a estudiantes a combatir homofobia y defender los derechos humanos de toda la ciudadana. Some recent initiatives: National Conference of Basic Education held in 2008 National Conference on Education held in 2010 - indicated the guidelines and basis for the new National Education Plan (2011-2020) - respect for diversity Ministry of Education announced that he will send to schools teaching material to guide students in the fight against homophobia and in defense of human rights guarantees to all citizens.


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El Consejo Nacional de Educacin elabor reportes y resoluciones sobre el curriculo escolar que incorpora la lucha contra los prejuicios y la discrimnacin, sexismo, homofobia, racismo y xenofobia:Lineamientos de un curriculum nacional para Educacin Bsica educacin primaria, para educacin de adultos sobre relaciones inter- tnicas, enseanza de historia de afro-brasilea y africana, educacin en comunidades indgenas y en centros carcelarios.The National Council of Education has produced reports and resolutions about the school curriculum incorporating the fight against prejudice and discrimination, sexism, homophobia, racism, xenophobia: National curriculum guidelines for Basic Education, for Elementary Education, for the Youth and Adult Education, for Ethnic and Racial Relations and Teaching of History and Afro-Brazilian and African, for Indian education an for Prision-Education.


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Los lienamientos para un curriculo de educacin superior se estn preparando. Tambin est en proceso la elaboracin de una nueva Ley de Directivas y Bases para un Sistema Nacional de Edicacin, incorporando los avances recientes y propuestas de la sociedad. The national curriculum guidelines for high education is being preparedIt is also in process of elaboration the proposal of a new Law of Directives and Basis for National Education, incorporating recent advances and society proposals.


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