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APA Formatting. Formatting. 1” margins Times New Roman font Double-spaced Running head in all caps at top left of every page Page number at top right of every page. Essential Parts . Title Page Abstract Main Body References. Title Page. Running head

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Formatting
Formatting

  • 1” margins

  • Times New Roman font

  • Double-spaced

  • Running head in all caps at top left of every page

  • Page number at top right of every page


Essential parts
Essential Parts

  • Title Page

  • Abstract

  • Main Body

  • References


Title page
Title Page

  • Running head

    • Running head: TITLE OR SHORTENED TITLE

    • The words “Running head:” only appear on the title page. Subsequent pages will only include the title

  • Page number

  • Centered on top half of the page:

    • Title of Paper

    • Name

    • Institution Name


Abstract
Abstract

  • Running head and page number in header

  • “Abstract” centered on first line

  • First line of paragraph will not be indented

  • 150-250 words, double-spaced

  • Brief, comprehensive summary of the paper

  • Not an introduction to the paper

  • Will not contain citations


Headings
Headings

  • Used to separate sections of the paper and establish information hierarchy

  • Use in order, beginning with Level 1

  • Level 1

    Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading

  • Level 2

    Left-aligned, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading


Headings1
Headings

  • Level 3

    Indented, boldface, lowercase heading with a period.

  • Level 4

    Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading with a period.

  • Level 5

    Indented, italicized, lowercase heading with a period.


In text citations
In-Text Citations

  • Used whenever directly quoting or paraphrasing from another author’s work

  • When paraphrasing, use author, date format:

    • (Author last name, year)

  • A citation for a direct quote should also include a page number:

    • (Author, year, p. #)

  • If no author is given, used a shortened version of the title in the citation

  • If the publication date is unknown, use “n.d.” in its place


Block quotes
Block Quotes

  • Block quotes are 40 words or more.

  • The entire quote is indented.


In text citations1
In-Text Citations

  • For works with two authors, list both and use an ampersand: (Smith & Jones, 2010)

  • For works with 3 or more authors, list all in the first citation: (Smith, Jones, & Brown, 2010), in subsequent citations, list the first author and “et al.”: (Smith et al., 2010)

  • Classical works such as the Bible are only cited in-text. Include the reference and version used: (1 Cor. 13:1, Revised Standard Version)


References
References

  • Include running head and page number

  • Center “References” at the top of the page

  • Every line after the first line of a reference entry should be indented one-half inch from the margin

  • References are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name

  • Authors are listed last name first, followed by first and middle initials


References1
References

  • All titles except journal titles have only the first word capitalized

    • Always capitalize proper nouns

    • Capitalize the first word after a colon

  • Article titles do not use quotation marks, underlines, or italics

  • Book titles should be italicized


Reference list
Reference List

  • Book

    Author, A. A. (Publication Year). Title of work: Subtitle. Location: Publisher.

    • Separate multiple authors with commas

      • Up to 7 authors

      • For more than 7, follow with ellipsis (…), skip to last author, list final author

    • Use an ampersand (&) instead of the word “and”

  • Article in a periodical

    Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume # (issue #), page #s.


Reference list cont d
Reference List, cont’d

  • Article from an online periodical (with DOI)

    • The digital object identifier (DOI) is a reference number assigned to online periodical content

    • Searchable in online databases (like an ISBN)

      Author, A. A. (Date). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume # (issue #). pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxx


Reference list cont d1
Reference List, cont’d

  • Article from an online periodical (without DOI)

    Author, A. A. (Date). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume # (issue #). pp-pp. Retrieved from http://www.fullurl.com

  • A web site

    Author, A. A. (Date). Title of document. Retrieved from http://www.fullurl.com


Formatting headers
Formatting Headers

  • Add your page numbers


Formatting headers1
Formatting Headers

  • Click “Different First Page”


Formatting headers2
Formatting Headers

  • Type your running head

  • Tab twice and add your page number 1


Formatting headers3
Formatting Headers

  • On page 2, click on the left until your cursor appears there

  • Add your title


The writing centers
The Writing Centers

  • Undergraduate Writing Center

    • [email protected]

  • Graduate Writing Center

    • [email protected]

  • Online Writing Center

    • [email protected]


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