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APA Formatting PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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APA Formatting. Formatting. 1” margins Times New Roman font Double-spaced Running head in all caps at top left of every page Page number at top right of every page. Essential Parts. Title Page Abstract Main Body References. Title Page. Running head

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APA Formatting

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APA Formatting


Formatting

  • 1” margins

  • Times New Roman font

  • Double-spaced

  • Running head in all caps at top left of every page

  • Page number at top right of every page


Essential Parts

  • Title Page

  • Abstract

  • Main Body

  • References


Title Page

  • Running head

    • Running head: TITLE OR SHORTENED TITLE

    • The words “Running head:” only appear on the title page. Subsequent pages will only include the title

  • Page number

  • Centered on top half of the page:

    • Title of Paper

    • Name

    • Institution Name


Abstract

  • Running head and page number in header

  • “Abstract” centered on first line

  • First line of paragraph will not be indented

  • 150-250 words, double-spaced

  • Brief, comprehensive summary of the paper

  • Not an introduction to the paper

  • Will not contain citations


Headings

  • Used to separate sections of the paper and establish information hierarchy

  • Use in order, beginning with Level 1

  • Level 1

    Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading

  • Level 2

    Left-aligned, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading


Headings

  • Level 3

    Indented, boldface, lowercase heading with a period.

  • Level 4

    Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading with a period.

  • Level 5

    Indented, italicized, lowercase heading with a period.


In-Text Citations

  • Used whenever directly quoting or paraphrasing from another author’s work

  • When paraphrasing, use author, date format:

    • (Author last name, year)

  • A citation for a direct quote should also include a page number:

    • (Author, year, p. #)

  • If no author is given, used a shortened version of the title in the citation

  • If the publication date is unknown, use “n.d.” in its place


Block Quotes

  • Block quotes are 40 words or more.

  • The entire quote is indented.


In-Text Citations

  • For works with two authors, list both and use an ampersand: (Smith & Jones, 2010)

  • For works with 3 or more authors, list all in the first citation: (Smith, Jones, & Brown, 2010), in subsequent citations, list the first author and “et al.”: (Smith et al., 2010)

  • Classical works such as the Bible are only cited in-text. Include the reference and version used: (1 Cor. 13:1, Revised Standard Version)


References

  • Include running head and page number

  • Center “References” at the top of the page

  • Every line after the first line of a reference entry should be indented one-half inch from the margin

  • References are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name

  • Authors are listed last name first, followed by first and middle initials


References

  • All titles except journal titles have only the first word capitalized

    • Always capitalize proper nouns

    • Capitalize the first word after a colon

  • Article titles do not use quotation marks, underlines, or italics

  • Book titles should be italicized


Reference List

  • Book

    Author, A. A. (Publication Year). Title of work: Subtitle. Location: Publisher.

    • Separate multiple authors with commas

      • Up to 7 authors

      • For more than 7, follow with ellipsis (…), skip to last author, list final author

    • Use an ampersand (&) instead of the word “and”

  • Article in a periodical

    Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume # (issue #), page #s.


Reference List, cont’d

  • Article from an online periodical (with DOI)

    • The digital object identifier (DOI) is a reference number assigned to online periodical content

    • Searchable in online databases (like an ISBN)

      Author, A. A. (Date). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume # (issue #). pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxx


Reference List, cont’d

  • Article from an online periodical (without DOI)

    Author, A. A. (Date). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume # (issue #). pp-pp. Retrieved from http://www.fullurl.com

  • A web site

    Author, A. A. (Date). Title of document. Retrieved from http://www.fullurl.com


Formatting Headers

  • Add your page numbers


Formatting Headers

  • Click “Different First Page”


Formatting Headers

  • Type your running head

  • Tab twice and add your page number 1


Formatting Headers

  • On page 2, click on the left until your cursor appears there

  • Add your title


The Writing Centers

  • Undergraduate Writing Center

    • undergradwriting@liberty.edu

  • Graduate Writing Center

    • graduatewriting@liberty.edu

  • Online Writing Center

    • onlinewriting@liberty.edu


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