The effects of institutionalisation on emotional development
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The effects of institutionalisation on emotional development Key Word: Disinhibited attachment – PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The effects of institutionalisation on emotional development Key Word: Disinhibited attachment –

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The effects of institutionalisation on emotional development Key Word: Disinhibited attachment –

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The effects of institutionalisation on emotional development

Key Word:

Disinhibited attachment –

a behaviour pattern shown by children who have been raised in institutions. Key features include attention seeking behaviour towards all adults, even strangers, a lack of fear of strangers, making inappropriate physical contact with adults and a lack of checking back to the parents in times of stress


Starter

  • Consider http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4649383.stm

  • Do you think that this is common of all children who are institutionalised?

  • What about young children who spend a lot of time in juvenile jail or young offenders institutions?


Orphanages in Romania

Conditions in Romanian orphanages were very poor and children were often neglected


Rutter et al. 2007

  • Sample: Romanian orphans adopted in the UK before the age of 4. Many were severely malnourished.

  • Control Group: UK-born adoptees who were placed with families before 6 months

  • IV: Age at adoption (<6mths, 6mths – 24mths, 2-4 years)

  • DV: inhibited/disinhibited attachment


Procedure

  • Semi-structured interviews of both child and parents

  • Observation to see if child makes inappropriate physical contact

  • Longitudinal study: children followed up at ages 4, 6 and 11


Findings

  • Disinhibited attachment:

    • Attention seeking bahaviour towards all adults

    • Lack of fear of strangers

    • Inappropriate physical contact

    • Lack of checking back to the parent in stressful situations


Methodological Issues

  • Qualitative data

  • Longitudinal Research

  • The extent of privation from orphanage?

  • Ethics


Chisholm (2000) – additional info

  • Case study of two adopted children from Romania

  • Ainsworth’s ‘strange situation scenario’

  • The children have formed different attachment patterns within the same family

  • Suggests individual differences


Plenary

  • Look at the pictures of the Romanian child and the UK child.

  • Fill in the blanks in the thought bubbles


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