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NANOTECHNOLOGY: THE NEXT BIG REVOLUTION Dr. Albert Lozano Program Head Nanotechnology Program Commonwealth College The Pennsylvania State University. WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY? Building very small structures namometer scale (nm) Human hair: 50,000 nm across

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slide1

NANOTECHNOLOGY:

THE NEXT BIG REVOLUTION

Dr. Albert Lozano

Program Head

Nanotechnology Program

Commonwealth College

The Pennsylvania State University

slide2

WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY?

Building very small structures

namometer scale (nm)

Human hair: 50,000 nm across

Bacteria: About 200 nm across

10 Hydrogen atoms lined up: 10 nm

Unaid human vision: 10,000 nm

Nanotechnology: Build structures 1 to 100 nm

slide3

WHY NANOTECHNOLOGY?

  • Use atomic properties of materials
  • Less is more in medicine
  • Increase power of computer chips
  • Sensors responding to lower concentrations
  • Stain-resistant clothing
  • Bathroom coating: self-cleaning !!!
  • New applications being implemented
  • almost daily (www.smalltimes.com)
  • Integrate biology, chemistry, eng…
slide4

NANOTECHNOLOGY in the US

Jan 2000: President Clinton developed the National Nanotechnology Initiative: $227 M increase funding

Dec. 3, 2003: President Bush signed 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act

$ 3.7 Billion over 4 years

NNI: One of the few Clinton-era programs strongly backed by Bush Administration

Bipartisan support: Senator Joseph Lieberman and former Speaker-of-the-House Newt Gingrich

slide5

BECOMING INVOLVED IN NANOTECHNOLOGY

Ph.D. Research &

MS. Development

BS. Current applications

AAS. Support

Educational

Opportunities at

all levels within

Penn State

slide6

CAREERS IN NANOTECHNOLOGY

Education and academia

Agriculture

Food and beverage industries

Environmental monitoring

Communications and media

Aerospace

Electronics

Information technology

Many new industries the are emerging as a result of advances in nanotech

slide7

ApplicationsBiotechnology

Microarrays – gene expression studies

DNA sequencing through micropores (sequence the entire human genome in 2 hr instead of 3 years).

Medicine

Personalized medicine

Microfluidics (a miniaturized laboratory)

Synthesis of extremely small probes that can examine individual strands of DNA for disease detection.

Man-made capillary systems to bring nutrients to artificial organs.

slide8

ApplicationsEngineering

Manufacturing extrenely strong fibers atom by atom

Very small valves

Aerospace engineering

Homeland Security

Nanostructures as incredibly sensitive chemical and biological substance detectors (nanosensors)

Information technology

slide9

ApplicationsEngineering

Current advances in semiconductor electronics come through nanoelectronics

state-of-the-art conventional transistor is now only about 100 nm in length

Everyday life

Flat, picture-like televisions and computer screens

Pollution detectors

Food bacteria detection

Textiles

Automotive / Transportation

slide10

PENN STATE - COMMONWEALTH COLLEGE

  • APPROACH TO NANOTECHNOLOGY
    • Associate of Applied Science Degree
    • In Nanofabrication Manufacturing Technology
    • Engineering Technology Option
    • Science Option
    • Currently developing a Baccalaureate Degree
    • Seamless transition for AAS graduates
    • 3 Semesters Home Campus
    • (WB, FY, HZ, MK, YK)
    • 1 Semester Nanofabrication Facility (UP)
slide11

PENN STATE – COMMONWEALTH COLLEGE

    • 3 semesters Home Campus
    • Develop skills to work in clean room facilities
          • Electronics, Science, Math skills
          • Plus PSU General Education requirements
    • 1 semester at University Park Campus
    • at Nanofabrication Facility
          • $32 million dollar, state-of-the-art laboratory
          • Hands-on experience all semester
          • Work with industry equipment  Productive
          • University Park residential living
slide14

Introduction to Nanotechnology Quality Control and QualityAssurance

1 credit

Taught at local campus

Intro to modern statistical quality control methods used by industry.

Recommended by Technical Advisory Committee

Topics include:

Q.C. concepts, principles, procedures, statistical tools,

Statistical control of nanofabrication manufacturing and production processes and systems.

slide15

Introduction to Nanofabrication Manufacturing Technology

Three credits

Taught at local campus

Gives an overview of atomic physics and the use of atoms to build devices and machines

Topics include:

Atoms

Semiconductors

Transistors

Integrated circuits

Basic Nanofabrication Processes

The Nanotech industry

slide16

NANOFABRICATION FACILITY

$32 million, state-of-the-art facility

Professional engineering staff

Class Ten Cleanrooms

Broad spectrum of equipment

Shared by educational institutions across the Commonwealth

Three capstone semesters each year

Facility available to industry.

slide17

NANOFABRICATION FACILITY

Electron beam lithography and optical lithography

Plasma etching tools

Plasma deposition tools

Physical vapor deposition equipment

Chemical vapor deposition equipment

Ion implanter

slide18

Capstone Courses

Materials, Safety, and Equipment Overview for Nanofabrication

Basic Nanofabrication Processes

Thin Films in Nanofabrication

Advanced Lithography and Patterning Techniques

Materials Modification in Nanofabrication

Characterization, Packaging, and Testing of Nanofabricated Structures

slide19

PENN STATE COMMONWEALTH COLLEGE:FUTURE DIRECTIONS

Development of a BS in Science with a Nanoscience option (Fall 2005)

Nanotechnology EXPO

High school counselors, science teachers and students

Technical advisory committee at each campus

Nanoscience 001-natural science elective for all students

Nanotechnology module for first year Engineering Design and Graphics (EDG 100) course

slide20

JOB MARKET IN NANOTECHNOLOGY

  • The next Industrial Revolution
  • Media reports to sense National Interest
  • AAS Graduates ranging $35k - $46k
  • Only area other than homeland security that
  • experienced increased growth in federal spending
  • Private sector spent $2 billion in 2002
  • Opportunities for dual degrees:
  • 2EET and 2NMT in 5 semesters
slide21

PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR 2NMT GRADUATES

(where are the jobs?)

Pharmaceuticals

Biomedical

Micro-electromechanical devices (MEMs)

Opto-electronics (fiber-optic communications)

Sensors

Power electronics

Microelectronics (chips)

… and many more to come!

slide22

PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR 2NMT GRADUATES

(where are the jobs?)

Pennsylvania nanofabrication workforce development program

Workforce development program is the Pennsylvania Nanofabrication Manufacturing Technology (NMT) Partnership

Two-year degree graduates of the “capstone experience” are receiving salary offers in the $30,000 - $52,000 range

Baccalaureate graduates have starting salaries averaging $62,000

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