Literary terms
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Literary Terms. Set 1. Simile. A comparison that uses “like” or “as” Ex As light as a feather The cloth felt like a piece of sandpaper. . Metaphor. A directly stated comparison (without using like or as) Ex

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Simile
Simile

  • A comparison that uses “like” or “as”

  • Ex

    • As light as a feather

    • The cloth felt like a piece of sandpaper.


Metaphor
Metaphor

  • A directly stated comparison (without using like or as)

  • Ex

    • "Memory is a crazy woman that hoards colored rags and throws away food.“- (Austin O'Malley)

    • Your room is a pigpen!


Extended metaphor
Extended Metaphor

  • A metaphor that is developed over a long(er) period of time or throughout a work

  • Ex.

    • Will Ferrell's Extended Metaphor: The University of Life"I graduated from the University of Life. All right? I received a degree from the School of Hard Knocks. And our colors were black and blue, baby. I had office hours with the Dean of Bloody Noses. All right? I borrowed my class notes from Professor Knuckle Sandwich and his Teaching Assistant, Ms. Fat Lip Thon Nyun. That’s the kind of school I went to for real, okay?"(Will Ferrell, Commencement Address at Harvard University, 2003)


Rhyme scheme
Rhyme Scheme

  • A pattern of rhyme

  • Ex.

    • Roses are red A

    • Violets are blue B

    • Sugar is sweet C

    • So are you! B


Alliteration
Alliteration

  • The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of words.

  • Ex

    • Carries cat clawed her couch, creating chaos.

    • Eric’s eagle eats eggs, enjoying each episode of eating.


Assonance
Assonance

  • the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in non-rhyming stressed syllables

  • Ex

    • “I must confess that in my quest I felt depressed and restless." - "With Love" by Thin Lizzy


Repetition
Repetition

  • The action of repeating something (in literature: sounds, words, images, phrases, etc)

  • Ex

    • "A horseis a horse, of course, of course,And no one can talk to a horseof courseThat is, of course, unless the horseis the famous Mister Ed."(Theme song of 1960s TV program Mr. Ed)


Personification
Personification

  • Giving something NOT human human-like characteristics

  • Ex

    • The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.


Iambic pentameter
Iambic Pentameter

  • a common meter in poetryconsisting of anunrhymed line with fivefeet or accents, each foot containing an unaccentedsyllableand an accentedsyllable

  • Syllables alternate between stressed and unstressed beats, creating this pattern: “de/DUM de/DUM de/DUM de/DUM de/DUM”


Iambic pentameter1
Iambic Pentameter

  • Two households, both alike in dignity,In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean. From forth the fatal loins of these two foesA pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life;

  • From the Prologue to Romeo and Juliet


Haiku
Haiku

  • A Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five.

  • Example:

    The last winter leavesClinging to the black branchesExplode into birds.


Narrative poetry
Narrative Poetry

  • A poem that has a plot to it- a poem that tells a story.

  • Ex

    • The Iliad

    • The Odyssey


Sonnet
Sonnet

  • A poem of 14 lines, usually with the rhyme scheme ABAB- CDCD- EFEF- GG


Sonnet 18 william shakespeare
Sonnet 18- William Shakespeare

  • Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

  • Thou art more lovely and more temperate:

  • Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

  • And summer's lease hath all too short a date:

  • Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

  • And often is his gold complexion dimmed,

  • And every fair from fair sometime declines,

  • By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:


Sonnet 18 ctd
Sonnet 18- Ctd

  • But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

  • Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,

  • Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

  • When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,

  • So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

  • So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.  


Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia

  • A word that mimics the sound it makes

  • Ex

    • Sizzle

    • Zap!

    • Hssss

    • Cuckoo

    • Meow


Limerick
Limerick

  • A humorous, frequently bawdy, verse of three long and two short lines rhyming aabba

  • Ex

    • A Clumsy Young Fellow Named Tim

      • There once was a fellow named Tim (A)

      • whose dad never taught him to swim. (A)

      • He fell off a dock (B)

      • and sunk like a rock. (B)

      • And that was the end of him. (A)


Tone

  • The author’s attitude toward the subject

  • Ex

    • Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world - The Second Coming by Yeats.


Mood

  • The way the reader feels about a piece- the “atmosphere” of the piece.


Ballad
Ballad

  • A poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas.


Images
Images

  • Simile

  • Metaphor

  • Alliteration

  • Personification

  • Tone


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