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Florence Goodenough. The Goodenough-Harris Draw-A-Man Test By: Emily Grewe. Early Life and Education. Born in Honesdale, PA on August 6, 1886 Home schooled to the equivalent of a high school dipoloma Received a B.S. from Columbia University in 1920

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Florence Goodenough

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Florence goodenough

Florence Goodenough

The Goodenough-Harris Draw-A-Man Test

By: Emily Grewe

Early life and education

Early Life and Education

  • Born in Honesdale, PA on August 6, 1886

  • Home schooled to the equivalent of a high school dipoloma

  • Received a B.S. from Columbia University in 1920

  • Received a M.A. from Columbia University in 1921

  • Received her Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1924



  • Assisted Lewis M. Terman in the initial phase of his studies of gifted children

  • Became Chief Psychologist of the Minneapolis Child Guidance Clinic in 1924

  • In 1925 became an assistant professor at the Institute of Child Welfare at the University of Minnesota

Psychological work

Psychological Work

  • Focused on the measurement of the intelligence of children

  • Specifically focused on the drawings of children to measure intelligence

  • Wrote guidelines for parents on the treatment of gifted and challenged children

  • Stressed the importance of good social relations for gifted children and confidence for challenged children

Draw a man test

Draw-A-Man Test

  • Originally the Goodenough Draw-A-Man test, expanded by Dale Harris and now referred to as the Draw-A-Person test

  • Awards a point for features present then moves to measuring details of features

  • Gives a raw score which can be converted into a standard score and then a percentile

  • Scales account for differences between males and females as well as different ages

Why does the draw a man test work so well

Why does the Draw-A-Man Test work so well?

  • Allows for the testing of intellectual maturity in children who are not able to read

  • Not based on artistic ability

  • Children draw what they know, not what they see

  • “The relationships to be observed are of two kinds, quantitative and spatial.”

Why a man

Why a man?

  • Children are generally familiar with the subject

  • Ideal to ensure consistent scoring

  • Able to test for both simple and complicated elements

  • Later expanded by Dale Harris to include a Draw-A-Woman section



  • Exceptional Children- Children who display extraordinarily high mental capabilities for their age group

  • Challenged Children- Children who require special attention in order to academically compete with their peers

  • Intellectual maturity- the intellectual level of a child; different from behavioral maturity

  • IQ- intelligence quotient; an intelligence test score given to determine intellectual development

  • Right-brain dominant- usually exhibited by left handed individuals; individuals are usually gifted in creative aspects

  • Left-brain dominant- usually exhibited by right handed individuals; individuals are usually gifted in concrete subjects such as math and science



  • The higher creativity of left handed children indicates a higher level of intellectual maturity and will thus translate to higher scores than right handed children

  • Children who are younger for their grade will score higher than older children

  • No difference in birth order

Testing methods

Testing Methods

  • Three 1st grade classes at Jenks East Elementary in Tulsa, OK

  • Gave children a sheet to fill out

  • Asked them to draw a man on the back using a pencil

  • Collected data on handedness, birth order and age



  • Mixed races

  • 20 females, 22 males

  • 33 right handed, 8 left handed

  • 16 6-year olds, 26 7-year olds

  • 22 youngest, 4 middle, 11 oldest, 4 only children

Florence goodenough


  • Highest female scored

  • Raw Score: 29

  • Standard Score: 123

  • Percentile:94

  • Age: 6

  • Right handed

  • Birth Order: Only



  • 2nd highest female scored

  • Raw Score: 30

  • Standard Score: 114

  • Percentile: 82

  • Only child to draw a profile

  • Age: 7

  • Right handed

  • Birth Order: Oldest



  • Highest male scored

  • Raw Score: 27

  • Standard Score: 123

  • Percentile: 94

  • Age: 6

  • Right handed

  • Birth Order: Middle



  • 2nd highest male scored

  • Raw Score: 28

  • Standard Score: 112

  • Percentile: 79

  • Age: 7

  • Right handed

  • Birth Order: Oldest

Brooke t

Brooke T.

  • Lowest female scored

  • Raw Score: 11

  • Standard Score: 77

  • Percentile: 6

  • Age: 6

  • Right handed

  • Birth Order: Youngest

Florence goodenough


  • Lowest male scored

  • Raw Score: 7

  • Standard Score: 70

  • Percentile: 2

  • Age: 6

  • Right handed

  • Birth Order: Youngest





  • The left handed children did score higher than the right handed children and therefore show a higher level of intellectual development

  • Children who are younger for their grade scored higher than those who were older

  • Only Children and middle children scored the highest for birth order

If i were to do this again

If I were to do this again…

  • The teachers rushed the children due to planned activities

  • Some children drew only faces, not the entire man

  • Some children did not completely fill out the form I gave them

  • “Draw a man with a pencil”

Nature vs nurture

Nature vs. Nurture?








Thanks for your time i hope my presentation was goodenough

Thanks for your time, I hope my presentation was Goodenough!

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