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Florence Goodenough. The Goodenough-Harris Draw-A-Man Test By: Emily Grewe. Early Life and Education. Born in Honesdale, PA on August 6, 1886 Home schooled to the equivalent of a high school dipoloma Received a B.S. from Columbia University in 1920

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florence goodenough

Florence Goodenough

The Goodenough-Harris Draw-A-Man Test

By: Emily Grewe

early life and education
Early Life and Education
  • Born in Honesdale, PA on August 6, 1886
  • Home schooled to the equivalent of a high school dipoloma
  • Received a B.S. from Columbia University in 1920
  • Received a M.A. from Columbia University in 1921
  • Received her Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1924
  • Assisted Lewis M. Terman in the initial phase of his studies of gifted children
  • Became Chief Psychologist of the Minneapolis Child Guidance Clinic in 1924
  • In 1925 became an assistant professor at the Institute of Child Welfare at the University of Minnesota
psychological work
Psychological Work
  • Focused on the measurement of the intelligence of children
  • Specifically focused on the drawings of children to measure intelligence
  • Wrote guidelines for parents on the treatment of gifted and challenged children
  • Stressed the importance of good social relations for gifted children and confidence for challenged children
draw a man test
Draw-A-Man Test
  • Originally the Goodenough Draw-A-Man test, expanded by Dale Harris and now referred to as the Draw-A-Person test
  • Awards a point for features present then moves to measuring details of features
  • Gives a raw score which can be converted into a standard score and then a percentile
  • Scales account for differences between males and females as well as different ages
why does the draw a man test work so well
Why does the Draw-A-Man Test work so well?
  • Allows for the testing of intellectual maturity in children who are not able to read
  • Not based on artistic ability
  • Children draw what they know, not what they see
  • “The relationships to be observed are of two kinds, quantitative and spatial.”
why a man
Why a man?
  • Children are generally familiar with the subject
  • Ideal to ensure consistent scoring
  • Able to test for both simple and complicated elements
  • Later expanded by Dale Harris to include a Draw-A-Woman section
  • Exceptional Children- Children who display extraordinarily high mental capabilities for their age group
  • Challenged Children- Children who require special attention in order to academically compete with their peers
  • Intellectual maturity- the intellectual level of a child; different from behavioral maturity
  • IQ- intelligence quotient; an intelligence test score given to determine intellectual development
  • Right-brain dominant- usually exhibited by left handed individuals; individuals are usually gifted in creative aspects
  • Left-brain dominant- usually exhibited by right handed individuals; individuals are usually gifted in concrete subjects such as math and science
  • The higher creativity of left handed children indicates a higher level of intellectual maturity and will thus translate to higher scores than right handed children
  • Children who are younger for their grade will score higher than older children
  • No difference in birth order
testing methods
Testing Methods
  • Three 1st grade classes at Jenks East Elementary in Tulsa, OK
  • Gave children a sheet to fill out
  • Asked them to draw a man on the back using a pencil
  • Collected data on handedness, birth order and age
  • Mixed races
  • 20 females, 22 males
  • 33 right handed, 8 left handed
  • 16 6-year olds, 26 7-year olds
  • 22 youngest, 4 middle, 11 oldest, 4 only children
  • Highest female scored
  • Raw Score: 29
  • Standard Score: 123
  • Percentile:94
  • Age: 6
  • Right handed
  • Birth Order: Only
  • 2nd highest female scored
  • Raw Score: 30
  • Standard Score: 114
  • Percentile: 82
  • Only child to draw a profile
  • Age: 7
  • Right handed
  • Birth Order: Oldest
  • Highest male scored
  • Raw Score: 27
  • Standard Score: 123
  • Percentile: 94
  • Age: 6
  • Right handed
  • Birth Order: Middle
  • 2nd highest male scored
  • Raw Score: 28
  • Standard Score: 112
  • Percentile: 79
  • Age: 7
  • Right handed
  • Birth Order: Oldest
brooke t
Brooke T.
  • Lowest female scored
  • Raw Score: 11
  • Standard Score: 77
  • Percentile: 6
  • Age: 6
  • Right handed
  • Birth Order: Youngest
  • Lowest male scored
  • Raw Score: 7
  • Standard Score: 70
  • Percentile: 2
  • Age: 6
  • Right handed
  • Birth Order: Youngest
  • The left handed children did score higher than the right handed children and therefore show a higher level of intellectual development
  • Children who are younger for their grade scored higher than those who were older
  • Only Children and middle children scored the highest for birth order
if i were to do this again
If I were to do this again…
  • The teachers rushed the children due to planned activities
  • Some children drew only faces, not the entire man
  • Some children did not completely fill out the form I gave them
  • “Draw a man with a pencil”
nature vs nurture
Nature vs. Nurture?