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Agenda 9/25/2012. Warm-up: Week 5, Day 1. Two questions. Two minutes for each question. Intro to South America Power Point Map & Notes on South America: Physical Geography Parts 3 & 4 of the World Map Activity is due Friday Sept. 28 in class.

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Agenda 9 25 2012

Agenda 9/25/2012

Warm-up: Week 5, Day 1.

Two questions. Two minutes for each question.

Intro to South America Power Point

Map & Notes on South America:

Physical Geography

Parts 3 & 4 of the World Map Activity is due Friday Sept. 28 in class.

Remember this is a test grade!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


Staar test
STAAR Test

  • Questions are very rarely recall of material from the class.

  • Most questions will ask you to use a skill and content knowledge to answer a question.

    • This is a harder type of question!


General facts
General Facts:

  • 4th largest continent in land area

  • In the Western Hemisphere, South of Central America

  • Between the Atlantic & Pacific Oceans

    • 7,000 miles across


Mountains
Mountains:

  • Andes Mountains- the longest and some of the highest in the world

    • Run 4,500 miles in western South America.

    • Once part of the Incan Empire


MountainsandPeaks

Sierra Madres Mts.

Guiana Highlands

Brazilian Highlands

Andes Mts.

Patagonian Plateau








Grasslands plains
Grasslands/Plains

  • Most of South America = mountains and poor soil = unproductive land.

  • Pampas in Argentina & Uruguay = fertile soil for growing crops & grazing cattle.


ValleysPlainsandBasins

Llanos

Amazon Basin

Mato Grosso

Gran Chaco

Pampas






Deserts

Nazca Desert

Atacama Desert



Nazca Desert


Rainforests
Rainforests

  • In northern part = warm, humid climates

    • Amazon Rainforest- world’s largest – in Brazil.

  • Being cut down (deforestation) for ranches & farms.



On the Ground Floor of the Rain Forest





Bodies of water
Bodies of Water

  • Amazon River- 2nd longest in the world, largest in the world = more water.

  • Others are Orinoco R. and Rio de la Plata

    • Most people live along or near rivers.


BodiesofWater

Gulf of Mexico

Caribbean Sea

Lake Maracaibo

Orinoco R.

Magdalena R.

Amazon R.

Pacific Ocean

Sao Francisco R.

Parana R.

Lake Titicaca

Uruguay R.

Rio de La Plata

Atlantic Ocean




Climate
Climate

  • Warm because near the equator

  • Mountains & Ocean winds = comfortable temperatures

  • More people at higher elevations where cooler.



Latin

American

Climatic

Zones



Altitudinal Zonation:Vertical Climate


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