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How to Conjugate…. SPANISH VERBS. First, let’s review the subject pronouns. yo I tú you usted you él he ella she. Singular Plural. Person 1 st 2 nd 3 rd. nosotros m. we nosotras f. vosotros m. you vosotras f. ustedes you ellos m. they ellas f. Conjugate:.

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how to conjugate

How to Conjugate…

SPANISH VERBS

first let s review the subject pronouns
First, let’s review the subject pronouns.
  • yoI
  • túyou
  • ustedyou
  • élhe
  • ellashe

SingularPlural

Person

1st

2nd

3rd

  • nosotrosm.we
  • nosotrasf.
  • vosotrosm.you
  • vosotrasf.
  • ustedesyou
  • ellosm.they
  • ellasf.
slide3

Conjugate:

  • Grammar. To inflect a verb in its forms for distinctions such as number, person, voice, mood, and tense.

Examples of a conjugation…

  • I run.
  • You have.
  • She walks.
  • We are.
  • You see.
  • They speak.
slide4

Infinitive:

  • not having inflections to indicate tense n : the uninflected (or unconjugated) form of the verb
  • the “to” form of a verb: to run, to walk, to have
there are three types of verbs in spanish
There are three types of verbs in Spanish.
  • -AR verbs are verbs that end in –ar. Hablar, mirar.
  • -ER verbs end in –er. Comer, beber.
  • -IR verbs end in –ir. Vivir, ofrir.

-AR

-ER

Types of verbs

-IR

* Verbs ending in –ar, -er, and –ir in Spanish are known as infinitives.

let s get started conjugating regular ar verbs
Let’s get started…Conjugating regular –AR verbs.
  • To conjugate a regular –AR verb, one must first remove the –AR ending from the infinitive. This will leave you with the base.

Use the infinitive, hablar

hablar – ar = habl

habl is your base

add the regular ar verb endings to your base
o

as

a

amos

áis

an

Add the regular –AR verb endings to your base

infinitive – ending = base

hablar – ar = habl

habl

habl

habl

o

as

a

habl

habl

habl

amos

áis

an

slide8

These endings correspond with the following subject pronouns.

SingularPlural

Person

1st

2nd

3rd

  • yo =
  • o
  • nosotros/as =
  • amos
  • tú =
  • as
  • vosotros/as =
  • áis
  • Ud.
  • él =
  • ella
  • Uds.
  • ellos =
  • ellas
  • a
  • an
slide9

Regular –AR Verbs

P u z z l e d

Memorization is the key to conjugating regular verbs in Spanish

verbs in spanish
verbs in Spanish

Conjugating regular

is a pattern.

Infinitive

-AR

= Base

Habl

o

slide11

Once you have learned to conjugate one regular –AR verb…

infinitive – ending = base

nadar – ar = nad

nad

nad

nad

o

as

a

nad

nad

nad

amos

áis

an

…you can conjugate all regular –AR verbs.

slide12

One More Time...

infinitive – ending = base

caminar – ar = camin

camin

camin

camin

o

as

a

camin

camin

camin

amos

áis

an

slide13

Now...

add your subject pronouns

cocinar – ar = cocin

cocin

cocin

cocin

o

as

a

cocin

cocin

cocin

amos

áis

an

yo

Ud.

él

ella

nosotros/as

vosotros/as

Uds.

ellos

ellas

slide14

Conjugating Spanish –AR verbs is like learning your 123’s and your ABC’s.

Once you know the pattern, you can conjugate every regular –AR verb. Also, you can tell if it is 1st, 2nd, or 3rd person singular or plural.

slide15

We’re not

finished yet.

Not any more!

We still have two more verbs: –ER and –IR.

slide16

infinitive – ending

= base

As with regular

–AR verbs,

regular Spanish –ER

have a pattern.

and –IR verbs

Don’t sweat it though!

the pattern is

hablar

comer

vivir

infinitive

infinitive

infinitive

- ending

- ending

- ending

= base

= base

= base

The pattern is:

infinitive – ending = base

slide18

infinitive – ending = base

hablar – ar = habl

comer – er = com

One more time...

vivir – ir = viv

Now you know the pattern!

now all you need are the endings
Now all you need are the endings…

Once you know how to conjugate the regular –AR verb, conjugating –ER and –IR verbs are simple.

-ER verbs are like –AR verbs. The only difference is the “A” and the “E”.

-IR verbs are sister verbs to the –ER verbs. They share four of the same endings.

slide21

Get your pencil ready!

comer – er = com

com

com

com

o

es

e

com

com

com

emos

éis

en

yo

Ud.

él

ella

nosotros/as

vosotros/as

Uds.

ellos

ellas

slide22

Don’t get tired yet,

Now ready for the next step

vivir – ir = viv

viv

viv

viv

o

es

e

viv

viv

viv

imos

ís

en

yo

Ud.

él

ella

nosotros/as

vosotros/as

Uds.

ellos

ellas

slide23

Now wipe away all those tears,

there is nothing more to fear.

You have now learned how to conjugate regular Spanish verbs.

slide24

Time is up, so now we’re done.

Let’s go have some fun!

slide26

Regular -AR, -ER, -IR Spanish Verbs

The End!

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