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How to Conjugate…. SPANISH VERBS. First, let’s review the subject pronouns. yo I tú you usted you él he ella she. Singular Plural. Person 1 st 2 nd 3 rd. nosotros m. we nosotras f. vosotros m. you vosotras f. ustedes you ellos m. they ellas f. Conjugate:.

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How to conjugate

How to Conjugate…

SPANISH VERBS


First let s review the subject pronouns
First, let’s review the subject pronouns.

  • yoI

  • túyou

  • ustedyou

  • élhe

  • ellashe

SingularPlural

Person

1st

2nd

3rd

  • nosotrosm.we

  • nosotrasf.

  • vosotrosm.you

  • vosotrasf.

  • ustedesyou

  • ellosm.they

  • ellasf.


Conjugate:

  • Grammar. To inflect a verb in its forms for distinctions such as number, person, voice, mood, and tense.

Examples of a conjugation…

  • I run.

  • You have.

  • She walks.

  • We are.

  • You see.

  • They speak.


Infinitive:

  • not having inflections to indicate tense n : the uninflected (or unconjugated) form of the verb

  • the “to” form of a verb: to run, to walk, to have


There are three types of verbs in spanish
There are three types of verbs in Spanish.

  • -AR verbs are verbs that end in –ar. Hablar, mirar.

  • -ER verbs end in –er. Comer, beber.

  • -IR verbs end in –ir. Vivir, ofrir.

-AR

-ER

Types of verbs

-IR

* Verbs ending in –ar, -er, and –ir in Spanish are known as infinitives.


Let s get started conjugating regular ar verbs
Let’s get started…Conjugating regular –AR verbs.

  • To conjugate a regular –AR verb, one must first remove the –AR ending from the infinitive. This will leave you with the base.

Use the infinitive, hablar

hablar – ar = habl

habl is your base


Add the regular ar verb endings to your base

o

as

a

amos

áis

an

Add the regular –AR verb endings to your base

infinitive – ending = base

hablar – ar = habl

habl

habl

habl

o

as

a

habl

habl

habl

amos

áis

an


These endings correspond with the following subject pronouns.

SingularPlural

Person

1st

2nd

3rd

  • yo =

  • o

  • nosotros/as =

  • amos

  • tú =

  • as

  • vosotros/as =

  • áis

  • Ud.

  • él =

  • ella

  • Uds.

  • ellos =

  • ellas

  • a

  • an


Regular –AR Verbs pronouns.

P u z z l e d

Memorization is the key to conjugating regular verbs in Spanish


Verbs in spanish
verbs in Spanish pronouns.

Conjugating regular

is a pattern.

Infinitive

-AR

= Base

Habl

o


Once you have learned to conjugate one regular –AR verb… pronouns.

infinitive – ending = base

nadar – ar = nad

nad

nad

nad

o

as

a

nad

nad

nad

amos

áis

an

…you can conjugate all regular –AR verbs.


One More Time... pronouns.

infinitive – ending = base

caminar – ar = camin

camin

camin

camin

o

as

a

camin

camin

camin

amos

áis

an


Now... pronouns.

add your subject pronouns

cocinar – ar = cocin

cocin

cocin

cocin

o

as

a

cocin

cocin

cocin

amos

áis

an

yo

Ud.

él

ella

nosotros/as

vosotros/as

Uds.

ellos

ellas


Conjugating Spanish –AR verbs is like learning your 123’s and your ABC’s.

Once you know the pattern, you can conjugate every regular –AR verb. Also, you can tell if it is 1st, 2nd, or 3rd person singular or plural.


We’re not 123’s and your ABC’s.

finished yet.

Not any more!

We still have two more verbs: –ER and –IR.


infinitive 123’s and your ABC’s. – ending

= base

As with regular

–AR verbs,

regular Spanish –ER

have a pattern.

and –IR verbs

Don’t sweat it though!


The pattern is

habl 123’s and your ABC’s.ar

comer

vivir

infinitive

infinitive

infinitive

- ending

- ending

- ending

= base

= base

= base

The pattern is:

infinitive – ending = base


infinitive 123’s and your ABC’s. – ending = base

hablar – ar = habl

comer – er = com

One more time...

vivir – ir = viv

Now you know the pattern!


Now all you need are the endings
Now all you need are the endings… 123’s and your ABC’s.

Once you know how to conjugate the regular –AR verb, conjugating –ER and –IR verbs are simple.

-ER verbs are like –AR verbs. The only difference is the “A” and the “E”.

-IR verbs are sister verbs to the –ER verbs. They share four of the same endings.


Here are the regular verb endings
Here are the regular verb endings… 123’s and your ABC’s.


Get your pencil ready! 123’s and your ABC’s.

comer – er = com

com

com

com

o

es

e

com

com

com

emos

éis

en

yo

Ud.

él

ella

nosotros/as

vosotros/as

Uds.

ellos

ellas


Don’t get tired yet, 123’s and your ABC’s.

Now ready for the next step

vivir – ir = viv

viv

viv

viv

o

es

e

viv

viv

viv

imos

ís

en

yo

Ud.

él

ella

nosotros/as

vosotros/as

Uds.

ellos

ellas


Now wipe away all those tears, 123’s and your ABC’s.

there is nothing more to fear.

You have now learned how to conjugate regular Spanish verbs.


Time is up, so now we’re done. 123’s and your ABC’s.

Let’s go have some fun!


Regular -AR, -ER, -IR Spanish Verbs 123’s and your ABC’s.

The End!


Regular -AR, -ER, -IR Spanish Verbs 123’s and your ABC’s.

The End!

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