Point of view
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Point Of View . Who is talking?. When you read a story, you hear someone – the narrator – telling the story. Types of narrators are known as points of view. There are three main types: omniscient, first person, and third person limited. Omniscient Point of View .

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Point Of View

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Point of view

Point Of View


Who is talking

Who is talking?

  • When you read a story, you hear someone – the narrator – telling the story.

  • Types of narrators are known as points of view.

  • There are three main types: omniscient, first person, and third person limited.


Omniscient point of view

Omniscient Point of View

  • The narrator is not a character in the story

  • Almost never refers to himself or herself directly

  • Omniscient means “all knowing”

  • Can tell us everything, including thoughts and feelings, of every character


Omniscient example

Omniscient Example

  • One day a young woman looked out her apartment window and saw a man playing a saxophone. “Cool,” she thought as she swayed to his tune. A big brown dog joined the man and howled along with the music.

  • Then a man in pajamas yelled from another window, complaining that the noise woke him up and he was going to call the police. This man, who worked the night shift and had to sleep all day….


First person

First Person

  • Is a character in the story who talks to us

  • Uses “I” or other first person pronouns

  • We only know what he or she thinks

  • Question credibility

    • Can you trust this narrator?

    • Unreliable narrator – biased and doesn’t tell the truth


First person example

First Person Example

  • Oh, man! Just as I was finally dozing he starts playing that stupid saxophone. I’ve already been fired from one job because I fell asleep on the night shift. Now it’s going to happen again. I don’t know what sounds worse, that tone-deaf saxophonist, or that yowling dog. I am going to call the police.


Third person limited

Third Person Limited

  • Storyteller zooms in on just one character but talks about the other character in third person using he or she

  • We know other character’s reactions, but what we know about them is limited


Third person example

Third Person Example

  • He found a good spot in front of Park View Apartments and started playing soulfully on his sax. He wanted an audience and needed money. After one song, he spotted a cute girl at a window, applauding madly. A dog howled with the music, but the sax player let him stay, hoping the dog might attract some donations. Then he heard a man yelling about calling the police.


Point of view

Tone

  • Tone is the attitude a speaker or writer takes toward a subject, character or audience.

  • If the point of view changes, normally, so does the tone.


Voice

Voice

  • Tone is on aspect of voice

  • Voice is the writers use of language and overall style

  • Diction – choice of words

  • Can affect our view of characters and events


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