Class notes 17 1b nb p 19
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Emancipation Proclamation – Frederick Douglass’ support – impact on enlistment – officers in African American regiments – duties of black regiments – Negro soldiers’ pay – the 54 th Massachusetts – Fort Wagner – dangers for African American soldiers –. Class Notes 17.1b (NB p. 19).

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Class Notes 17.1b (NB p. 19)

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Class notes 17 1b nb p 19

Emancipation Proclamation –

Frederick Douglass’ support –

impact on enlistment –

officers in African American regiments –

duties of black regiments –

Negro soldiers’ pay –

the 54th Massachusetts –

Fort Wagner –

dangers for African American soldiers –

Class Notes 17.1b (NB p. 19)

Skip two lines between each!


Lesson 17 1b the emancipation proclamation and african american soldiers

Lesson 17.1b: The Emancipation Proclamation and African American Soldiers

Today we will describe the role of black soldiers in the Civil War.


What we already know

What We Already Know

By the summer of 1862, the Confederacy had won most major battles and Lee was preparing to invade Maryland.


What we already know1

What We Already Know

With every rebel victory, the British government grew closer to recognizing the Confederacy and providing it with aid.


What we already know2

What We Already Know

President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves in Confederate hands and forcing Britain to withhold aid from the South.


African american soldiers

African American Soldiers

Before the Emancipation Proclamation, the government had discouraged black enlistment.


African american soldiers1

African American Soldiers

  • Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation invited African Americans to join the Union army.

  • Frederick Douglass praised the decision, believing that military service by blacks would guarantee their rights to citizenship.


African american soldiers2

African American Soldiers

After emancipation, African Americans rushed to join the army.


African american soldiers3

African American Soldiers

By the end of the war, 180,000 black soldiers had fought for the Union army.


African american soldiers4

African American Soldiers

African-American soldiers fought in all-black units led by white officers.


African american soldiers5

African American Soldiers

African Americans often were assigned the worst jobs and paid less than white soldiers.


African american soldiers6

African American Soldiers

But African American soldiers showed great courage on the battlefield.


The 54 th massachusetts

The 54th Massachusetts

The most famous black regiment of the war was the 54th Massachusetts.


The 54 th massachusetts1

The 54th Massachusetts

The regiment’s bravery at Fort Wagner, South Carolina in July 1863 made it popular in the North, and increased African American enlistment.


The 54 th massachusetts2

The 54th Massachusetts

Sergeant W.H. Carney was awarded the Medal of Honor for his bravery in recovering the Union colors at Fort Wagner.


The 54 th massachusetts3

The 54th Massachusetts

African Americans faced greater danger than whites if captured.


Class notes 17 1b nb p 19

Southerners rarely took African Americans as prisoners.


The 54 th massachusetts4

The 54th Massachusetts

Instead, they often executed black soldiers or returned them to slavery.


Get your whiteboards and markers ready

Get your whiteboards and markers ready!


5 how did the 54th massachusetts regiment become famous

5. How did the 54th Massachusetts Regiment become famous?


5 how did the 54th massachusetts regiment become famous1

5. How did the 54th Massachusetts Regiment become famous?

  • As the first African American military unit to see combat

  • For its heroism at Fort Wagner

  • As the first American military unit to be commanded by black officers

  • For being the largest black regiment of the war


Class notes 17 1b nb p 19

6. Why did African American soldiers often face greater hardships than white soldiers, and greater danger if captured?

Choose all that are true!


Class notes 17 1b nb p 19

6. Why did African American soldiers often face greater hardships than white soldiers, and greater danger if captured?

  • They were never allowed to rise above the rank of private.

  • They were often given the worst jobs.

  • They were given less pay.

  • When captured, they were frequently shot or returned to slavery.

Choose all that are true!


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