Grammar workshop
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 25

Grammar Workshop PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 133 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Grammar Workshop. Clauses. Clauses. Independent Subordinate. Independent. Independent Clauses could stand by themselves as discrete sentences, except that when they do stand by themselves, separated from other clauses, they're normally referred to simply as sentences, not clauses. .

Download Presentation

Grammar Workshop

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Grammar Workshop


Clauses


Clauses

  • Independent

  • Subordinate


Independent

  • Independent Clauses could stand by themselves as discrete sentences, except that when they do stand by themselves, separated from other clauses, they're normally referred to simply as sentences, not clauses.


Examples

  • Bob didn't mean to do it, but he did it anyway.

  • Ramonita thought about joining the church choir, but she never talked to her friends about it.

  • The doctor told Charlie to lose weight and exercise vigorously for forty-five minutes a day.

  • Charlie has a hard time sticking to a diet; he really loves rich, sweet desserts.


Dependent

  • Dependent Clauses cannot stand by themselves and make good sense.

  • They must be combined with an independent clause so that they become part of a sentence that can stand by itself.

  • They act either in the capacity of some kind of noun or as some kind of modifier.

  • Remember that a dependent clause always contains a subject and a verb, but it cannot stand by itself.


Which is Which?

  • Although Ramonita often thought about joining the choir, she never talked to her friends about it.

  • Ramonita never talked to her friends about joining the choir, because she was afraid they would make fun of her.

  • Yasmin is Ramonita's sister. Yasmin told Ramonita to join the choir no matter what her friends said.


Punctuation


.the period.

,the comma.

!the exclamation mark.

?the question mark.

:the colon.

;the semi-colon.

/the virgule (or slash).

‘the apostrophe.

“”quotation marks.

()brackets.


Formatting

Underlining and italics

CAPITALIZATION


Other Errors

  • Avoid any opinionated word choice

    • “greatest playwrights” and “Clearly,”

  • Citing

  • Talking about your essay in your essayOR talking about a quotation

  • Clarity

    • Say what you mean to say

  • This shows... (or even worse, “this quote shows”)

  • Putting “ “ around everything

  • Fluffiness

  • Unnecessary wordiness

  • Tense

  • “After taking a closer look...”

  • “get”

  • Not only_______, but also_____.


How to properly use punctuation

Focussing on the semi-colon


The Semi-Colon

  • Used to break up complex lists.

  • Used to link two sentences (two independent clauses).


  • To get ready for her Jersey Shore Finale Party, Ms. Keatings prepared her salty, buttery popcorn called her tanned Italian friends and practiced her vocalization of “T-Shirt Time” and “Oh Yeah.”

  • I can’t believe England lost the soccer match today furthermore it was their final chance to qualify for the World Cup.

  • Twice a week, Aziza and Derek go to a nice restaurant for a good meal, a little dessert, and pleasant conversation, Aziza goes Tuesdays, and Derek goes Fridays.


  • To get ready for her Jersey Shore Finale Party, Ms. Keatings prepared her salty, buttery popcorn; called her tanned Italian friends; and practiced her vocalization of “T-Shirt Time” and “Oh Yeah.”

  • I can’t believe England lost the soccer match today; furthermore, it was their final chance to qualify for the World Cup.

  • Twice a week, Aziza and Derek go to a nice restaurant for a good meal, a little dessert, and pleasant conversation; Aziza goes Tuesdays, and Derek goes Fridays.


The Comma Splice...

  • A comma splice occurs when two complete sentences (independent clauses) are joined together with only a comma between them.

  • (An independent clause is a clause that can stand on its own as a sentence.)


How do we fix it?

  • Use a semicolon to separate the independent clauses

  • Add an appropriate linking word between the two clauses (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet)

  • Make the independent clauses into two separate sentences


There are many important factors to consider when watching a movie with Leonardo DiCaprio in it, the most important is what accent he is using.


Answer...

There are many important factors to consider when watching a movie with Leonardo DiCaprio in it; the most important is what accent he is using.


On Monday nights I always make sure that at 10 p.m. I’m tuning into MTV, I have to make sure that I know what’s happening between Heidi and Lauren.


Answer...

On Monday nights I always make sure that at 10 p.m. I’m tuning into MTV. I have to make sure that I know what’s happening between Heidi and Lauren.


I hate cake, it always tastes too good.


Answer...

I hate cake; it always tastes too good.


I saw someone that looked like Tyra Banks yesterday, it reminded me of my dream to be a model.


Answer...

I saw someone that looked like Tyra Banks yesterday, and it reminded me of my dream to be a model.


  • Login