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Grammar Workshop. Clauses. Clauses. Independent Subordinate. Independent. Independent Clauses could stand by themselves as discrete sentences, except that when they do stand by themselves, separated from other clauses, they're normally referred to simply as sentences, not clauses. .

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Clauses1
Clauses

  • Independent

  • Subordinate


Independent
Independent

  • Independent Clauses could stand by themselves as discrete sentences, except that when they do stand by themselves, separated from other clauses, they're normally referred to simply as sentences, not clauses.


Examples
Examples

  • Bob didn't mean to do it, but he did it anyway.

  • Ramonita thought about joining the church choir, but she never talked to her friends about it.

  • The doctor told Charlie to lose weight and exercise vigorously for forty-five minutes a day.

  • Charlie has a hard time sticking to a diet; he really loves rich, sweet desserts.


Dependent
Dependent

  • Dependent Clauses cannot stand by themselves and make good sense.

  • They must be combined with an independent clause so that they become part of a sentence that can stand by itself.

  • They act either in the capacity of some kind of noun or as some kind of modifier.

  • Remember that a dependent clause always contains a subject and a verb, but it cannot stand by itself.


Which is which
Which is Which?

  • Although Ramonita often thought about joining the choir, she never talked to her friends about it.

  • Ramonita never talked to her friends about joining the choir, because she was afraid they would make fun of her.

  • Yasmin is Ramonita's sister. Yasmin told Ramonita to join the choir no matter what her friends said.



. the period.

, the comma.

! the exclamation mark.

? the question mark.

: the colon.

; the semi-colon.

/ the virgule (or slash).

‘ the apostrophe.

“” quotation marks.

() brackets.


Formatting
Formatting

Underlining and italics

CAPITALIZATION


Other errors
Other Errors

  • Avoid any opinionated word choice

    • “greatest playwrights” and “Clearly,”

  • Citing

  • Talking about your essay in your essayOR talking about a quotation

  • Clarity

    • Say what you mean to say

  • This shows... (or even worse, “this quote shows”)

  • Putting “ “ around everything

  • Fluffiness

  • Unnecessary wordiness

  • Tense

  • “After taking a closer look...”

  • “get”

  • Not only_______, but also_____.


How to properly use punctuation

How to properly use punctuation

Focussing on the semi-colon


The semi colon
The Semi-Colon

  • Used to break up complex lists.

  • Used to link two sentences (two independent clauses).


  • To get ready for her Jersey Shore Finale Party, Ms. Keatings prepared her salty, buttery popcorn called her tanned Italian friends and practiced her vocalization of “T-Shirt Time” and “Oh Yeah.”

  • I can’t believe England lost the soccer match today furthermore it was their final chance to qualify for the World Cup.

  • Twice a week, Aziza and Derek go to a nice restaurant for a good meal, a little dessert, and pleasant conversation, Aziza goes Tuesdays, and Derek goes Fridays.


  • To get ready for her Jersey Shore Finale Party, Ms. Keatings prepared her salty, buttery popcorn; called her tanned Italian friends; and practiced her vocalization of “T-Shirt Time” and “Oh Yeah.”

  • I can’t believe England lost the soccer match today; furthermore, it was their final chance to qualify for the World Cup.

  • Twice a week, Aziza and Derek go to a nice restaurant for a good meal, a little dessert, and pleasant conversation; Aziza goes Tuesdays, and Derek goes Fridays.


The comma splice
The Comma Splice...

  • A comma splice occurs when two complete sentences (independent clauses) are joined together with only a comma between them.

  • (An independent clause is a clause that can stand on its own as a sentence.)


How do we fix it
How do we fix it?

  • Use a semicolon to separate the independent clauses

  • Add an appropriate linking word between the two clauses (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet)

  • Make the independent clauses into two separate sentences


There are many important factors to consider when watching a movie with Leonardo DiCaprio in it, the most important is what accent he is using.


Answer
Answer... movie with Leonardo

There are many important factors to consider when watching a movie with Leonardo DiCaprio in it; the most important is what accent he is using.


On movie with Leonardo Monday nights I always make sure that at 10 p.m. I’m tuning into MTV, I have to make sure that I know what’s happening between Heidi and Lauren.


Answer1
Answer... movie with Leonardo

On Monday nights I always make sure that at 10 p.m. I’m tuning into MTV. I have to make sure that I know what’s happening between Heidi and Lauren.


I movie with Leonardo hate cake, it always tastes too good.


Answer2
Answer... movie with Leonardo

I hate cake; it always tastes too good.


I movie with Leonardo saw someone that looked like Tyra Banks yesterday, it reminded me of my dream to be a model.


Answer3
Answer... movie with Leonardo

I saw someone that looked like Tyra Banks yesterday, and it reminded me of my dream to be a model.


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