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Cyber habits of school children. Rossouw von Solms Institute for ICT Advancement. Introduction. The Information Security Management Group at NMMU is currently running a project called: Cyber Security

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Cyber habits of school children

Rossouw von Solms

Institute for ICT Advancement


Introduction
Introduction

  • The Information Security Management Group at NMMU is currently running a project called: Cyber Security

  • General Security Awareness for employees (should have a NMMU short course on the web early 2011)

  • Cyber security for the public in general

  • Internet services in Retirement Villages

  • eSafety in Schools (Mariska de Lange)



Introduction1
Introduction

  • Many children in developed world have cell phones, bank cards and are active on social networks

  • Lots of information, including personal information, is shared daily

  • Young people are also very active on peer-to-peer file sharing

  • Today, most people (over 10 years of age) are engaged in some form of online or electronic services or communication

  • (Mitropoulou & Triantafyllidis, 2008)


Introduction2
Introduction

  • The Question is: To what extent are security, privacy and ethical issues in tact in all of the above cases?


International statistics
International statistics

  • Children

  • New Zealand Study (347 girls aged 11 – 19)

    • “29% sent mail and 26% got in touch via phone calls with people they met via the Internet”

    • “33.5% did personally get in touch with strangers they met via the Internet”

    • “60% had used at least once the Internet in an unsafe way, i.e. passing on their name, address, phone number, or pictures.”

    • “75% of the girls indicate they are being controlled only occasionally by their parents as to their Internet usage and 37.5 % reports never being controlled.”

      (M Valke et al, Computers in Human Behaviour, 2007)


International statistics1
International statistics

  • Children

  • United Kingdom (1434 children aged 8 – 11)

    • 60% were totally unaware of basic e-safety guidelines

  • United States of America (1501 children aged 10 – 17)

    • 25% were exposed to unwanted sexual material

    • 19% were being sexually propositioned while being online

      (M Valke et al, Computers in Human Behaviour, 2007)


International statistics2
International statistics

  • Children

  • United States of America (322 children grades 7 - 10)

    • 45% spent time at sites related to guns and explosives

    • 74% reported contact with strangers via email or chat rooms

    • 25% acknowledged that they had shared information about themselves, such as; name, school, address phone number, etc.

      (M Valke et al, Computers in Human Behaviour, 2007)


South african statistics
South African statistics

  • Study conducted Port Elizabeth:

  • Six schools

    • 3 primary schools

    • 3 secondary schools

  • 1594 children from grades 6 to 12

  • Following are some of the statistics:


South african statistics1
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics2
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics3
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics4
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics5
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics6
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics7
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics8
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics9
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics10
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics11
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics12
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics13
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:


South african statistics14
South African statistics

  • The Port Elizabeth study:

    We plan to compare our statistics with the international stats soon.


General trends
General trends

  • Some major concerns are raised:


General trends1
General trends

  • Some major concerns are raised:




General trends4
General trends

  • Younger generation - too cavalier-like

    • Seemingly no fear and respect for electronic information and assets

  • Millennials – schizophrenic behaviour

    • Seemingly different principles for private and business lives

  • Older generation – too conservative

    • Seemingly a lack of appreciation for technological advances


Possible solution
Possible solution

  • eSafety, (the security, privacy and ethical aspects related to electronic information and communication technology) is indeed a major problem

  • What can be done about the situation?


Possible solution1
Possible solution

  • eSafety needs to become part and parcel to all of us – young and old!

  • An eSafety culture needs to be cultivated, through education and awareness


Possible solution2
Possible solution

  • eSafety Awareness & Education

    • Who?

      • Parents / Adults?

      • Schools / Teachers?

      • Peers / Friends?

    • Contents?

      • Technical issues?

      • Psychological issues?

      • Ethical issues?

      • Legal issues?


An esafety culture the solution
An eSafety Culture – the Solution?

  • eSafety Awareness & Education

    • When?

      • At school as part of curriculum?

    • How?

      • Formally?

      • Informally?


Possible solution3
Possible solution

Who, When, How with which Content?

This is the Jackpot Question


Possible solution4
Possible solution

  • Solutions in the United Kingdom

  • CEOP – Child Exploitation Online Protection

  • www.ceop.co.uk

  • Material used by schools in the UK


Possible solution5
Possible solution

  • CEOP

  • Home page


Possible solution6
Possible solution

  • Solutions in the United Kingdom

  • Think u Know by CEOP – Child Exploitation Online Protection

  • www.ThinkuKnow.co.uk

  • Material used by schools in the UK


Possible solution7
Possible solution

  • ThinkuKnow

  • Home page





Possible solution11
Possible solution

  • 8-10 years


Possible solution12
Possible solution

  • 8-10 years


Possible solution13
Possible solution

  • 11-16 years


Possible solution14
Possible solution

  • 11-16 years




Possible solution17
Possible solution

  • Solutions in the United Kingdom

  • SouthWest Grid for Learning

  • www.swgfl.co.uk

  • Material used by schools in the UK



Conclusion
Conclusion

  • eSafety is a huge concern

  • No party has (yet) accepted responsibility for creating something like an eSafe culture


Conclusion1
Conclusion

  • My proposal is:

  • the DoE takes responsibility and ensure that eSafety is brought officially into the curriculum,

  • teachers are properly trained to educate this curriculum to children and

  • currently available material can be used to do this effectively.


Thank you
Thank You

  • Questions

  • Rossouw von Solms

  • [email protected]


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