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Cyber habits of school children. Rossouw von Solms Institute for ICT Advancement. Introduction. The Information Security Management Group at NMMU is currently running a project called: Cyber Security

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slide1

Cyber habits of school children

Rossouw von Solms

Institute for ICT Advancement

introduction
Introduction
  • The Information Security Management Group at NMMU is currently running a project called: Cyber Security
  • General Security Awareness for employees (should have a NMMU short course on the web early 2011)
  • Cyber security for the public in general
  • Internet services in Retirement Villages
  • eSafety in Schools (Mariska de Lange)
introduction1
Introduction
  • Many children in developed world have cell phones, bank cards and are active on social networks
  • Lots of information, including personal information, is shared daily
  • Young people are also very active on peer-to-peer file sharing
  • Today, most people (over 10 years of age) are engaged in some form of online or electronic services or communication
  • (Mitropoulou & Triantafyllidis, 2008)
introduction2
Introduction
  • The Question is: To what extent are security, privacy and ethical issues in tact in all of the above cases?
international statistics
International statistics
  • Children
  • New Zealand Study (347 girls aged 11 – 19)
    • “29% sent mail and 26% got in touch via phone calls with people they met via the Internet”
    • “33.5% did personally get in touch with strangers they met via the Internet”
    • “60% had used at least once the Internet in an unsafe way, i.e. passing on their name, address, phone number, or pictures.”
    • “75% of the girls indicate they are being controlled only occasionally by their parents as to their Internet usage and 37.5 % reports never being controlled.”

(M Valke et al, Computers in Human Behaviour, 2007)

international statistics1
International statistics
  • Children
  • United Kingdom (1434 children aged 8 – 11)
    • 60% were totally unaware of basic e-safety guidelines
  • United States of America (1501 children aged 10 – 17)
    • 25% were exposed to unwanted sexual material
    • 19% were being sexually propositioned while being online

(M Valke et al, Computers in Human Behaviour, 2007)

international statistics2
International statistics
  • Children
  • United States of America (322 children grades 7 - 10)
    • 45% spent time at sites related to guns and explosives
    • 74% reported contact with strangers via email or chat rooms
    • 25% acknowledged that they had shared information about themselves, such as; name, school, address phone number, etc.

(M Valke et al, Computers in Human Behaviour, 2007)

south african statistics
South African statistics
  • Study conducted Port Elizabeth:
  • Six schools
    • 3 primary schools
    • 3 secondary schools
  • 1594 children from grades 6 to 12
  • Following are some of the statistics:
south african statistics1
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics2
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics3
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics4
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics5
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics6
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics7
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics8
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics9
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics10
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics11
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics12
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics13
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:
south african statistics14
South African statistics
  • The Port Elizabeth study:

We plan to compare our statistics with the international stats soon.

general trends
General trends
  • Some major concerns are raised:
general trends1
General trends
  • Some major concerns are raised:
general trends4
General trends
  • Younger generation - too cavalier-like
    • Seemingly no fear and respect for electronic information and assets
  • Millennials – schizophrenic behaviour
    • Seemingly different principles for private and business lives
  • Older generation – too conservative
    • Seemingly a lack of appreciation for technological advances
possible solution
Possible solution
  • eSafety, (the security, privacy and ethical aspects related to electronic information and communication technology) is indeed a major problem
  • What can be done about the situation?
possible solution1
Possible solution
  • eSafety needs to become part and parcel to all of us – young and old!
  • An eSafety culture needs to be cultivated, through education and awareness
possible solution2
Possible solution
  • eSafety Awareness & Education
    • Who?
      • Parents / Adults?
      • Schools / Teachers?
      • Peers / Friends?
    • Contents?
      • Technical issues?
      • Psychological issues?
      • Ethical issues?
      • Legal issues?
an esafety culture the solution
An eSafety Culture – the Solution?
  • eSafety Awareness & Education
    • When?
      • At school as part of curriculum?
    • How?
      • Formally?
      • Informally?
possible solution3
Possible solution

Who, When, How with which Content?

This is the Jackpot Question

possible solution4
Possible solution
  • Solutions in the United Kingdom
  • CEOP – Child Exploitation Online Protection
  • www.ceop.co.uk
  • Material used by schools in the UK
possible solution5
Possible solution
  • CEOP
  • Home page
possible solution6
Possible solution
  • Solutions in the United Kingdom
  • Think u Know by CEOP – Child Exploitation Online Protection
  • www.ThinkuKnow.co.uk
  • Material used by schools in the UK
possible solution7
Possible solution
  • ThinkuKnow
  • Home page
possible solution17
Possible solution
  • Solutions in the United Kingdom
  • SouthWest Grid for Learning
  • www.swgfl.co.uk
  • Material used by schools in the UK
conclusion
Conclusion
  • eSafety is a huge concern
  • No party has (yet) accepted responsibility for creating something like an eSafe culture
conclusion1
Conclusion
  • My proposal is:
  • the DoE takes responsibility and ensure that eSafety is brought officially into the curriculum,
  • teachers are properly trained to educate this curriculum to children and
  • currently available material can be used to do this effectively.
thank you
Thank You
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