Introduction to ib psychology
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Introduction to IB Psychology. What is Psychology? Goal 1.1. How to be a Psychology student. Be a critical thinker – ask questions. Believe nothing without examining the evidence. Consider that often the answers are “open ended” meaning that there may be no “right” or “wrong” answers.

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Introduction to IB Psychology

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Introduction to ib psychology

Introduction to IB Psychology

What is Psychology?

Goal 1.1


How to be a psychology student

How to be a Psychology student

  • Be a critical thinker – ask questions. Believe nothing without examining the evidence.

  • Consider that often the answers are “open ended” meaning that there may be no “right” or “wrong” answers.

  • Always be open minded. Use your psychological knowledge, but consider other ideas.

  • Nothing in Psychology is ever PROVED! It is theorized.


Everyday psychology

Everyday Psychology

  • Why does he do that?

  • Must be in a dysfunctional family

  • Never learned to control his emotions

  • Must be a sociopath

  • Who’s pulling your strings?

    When we explain human actions in terms of beliefs, motives, love or childhood experiences, we are using “folk psychology” or common-sense psychology


Introduction to ib psychology

  • When we explain human actions in terms of beliefs, motives, love or childhood experiences, we are using “folk psychology” or common-sense psychology

  • Definition of Psychology:

    • Scientific study of mental processes and behavior and how these are effected by internal processes and the environment


Scientific

Scientific!

  • This means systematic and controlled study of human behavior with the hope of establi

    shing cause and effect


Mental processes

Mental Processes

  • Attention, memory, emotion and attitudes (covert behaviors)

  • Aggression, helping, sleeping (overt behaviors– can be measured)


Internal processes and the environment

Internal Processes and the Environment

  • IP’s – hormones, genes, brain chemistry

  • Environment – family, friends, religion, neighborhood, weather


Levels of analysis in psychology an integrative approach

Levels of Analysis in Psychology: an integrative approach

No One Factor is to Blame!!!

Biological Level

focuses on genetics and physiology

Cognitive Level

focuses on mental processes like memory, thinking, perception and attention

Sociocultural Level

focuses on how environment and culture affect behavior or thinking


For example

For Example

  • Gender is determined by

    • Biology – hormones, genetic makeup (XX and XY chromosones

    • Cognitive – we form mental representations (schema) of what it means to be a boy or girl and these guide our behavior. Gender stereotypes are formed this way.

    • Socio-culture – we learn gender behavior by watching how other people of our own sex behave. Our culture and society also affect our roles and shape our views


Building blocks of scientific psychology theories and empirical studies

Building Blocks of scientific psychology: Theories and empirical studies

  • Theory – an explanation for a psychological phenomenon

    • A statement used to organize, summarize and explain observations

    • Can be used to make predictions

    • Not like laws of science

    • Theories are probably, but not certain

    • Always open to some degree of doubt


Theory by carol dweck of stanford university

Theory by Carol Dweck of Stanford University

  • People are successful not because of talent, but because of hard work.

  • If you have a fixed mindset, you are less likely to be successful than if you have a growth mindset

  • Fixed mindset – You are born smart or not. I don’t want people to think I am dumb, so I won’t do something that I might fail at. I give up easily and consider effort to be a waste of time. If I have to work hard I must be dumb. I don’t like people to criticize me and


Fixed mindset

Fixed Mindset

  • – You are born smart or not. I don’t want people to think I am dumb, so I won’t do something that I might fail at. I give up easily and consider effort to be a waste of time. If I have to work hard I must be dumb. I don’t like people to criticize me and ignore any of their dumb ideas. I feel threatened by the successf of others


Growth mindset

Growth Mindset

  • Noone is born smart. You have to work at it.

  • If I work hare enough I can do just about anything. I know I will make mistakes and fail every once in a while, but that’s ok. I learn by my mistakes

  • I take criticism in stride. If the shoe fits, wear it! I am inspired by others success.


Your opinion

Your Opinion

  • Does this theory correspond to real life? Try to evaluate it based on your own experiences.

  • To what extent does this theory offer insight into possible differences in terms of what people achieve in education, sport, or the arts?


Empirical investigation

Empirical Investigation

  • When a researcher collects and analyzes data in order to investigate a psychological phenomenon

  • It is research that can be observed and measured.


If you haven t failed you haven t lived

If you haven’t failed, you haven’t lived

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RmTxr7OsPj0

  • Carol Dweck: Discovering the importance of mindset (youtube)

  • Carol Dweck: The effect of praise on mindset


Are you a critical thinker

Are you a critical thinker?

  • Question assumptions and biases?

  • Evaluate available evidence

  • Consider alternative interpretations

  • Avoid emotional reasoning

  • Do not jump to oversimplified conclusions

  • Knows that plausible conclusions are based on evidence

  • Is willing to reassess conclusions if new information appears

  • Is able to tolerate some uncertainty.


Review

Review:

  • Excellent Psychology students always (list 2)

  • How does common sense psychology differ from Psychology?


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