2 nd quarter science eqt review
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2 nd Quarter Science EQT review. Essential Questions. How do parts of animals help them to adapt to their environment? Why do organisms become extinct? What occurs at each stage of development in complete and incomplete metamorphosis?

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2 nd Quarter Science EQT review

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2nd Quarter Science EQT review


Essential Questions

  • How do parts of animals help them to adapt to their environment?

  • Why do organisms become extinct?

  • What occurs at each stage of development in complete and incomplete metamorphosis?

  • What are the roles of the producers, consumers, and decomposers in a food chain?

  • How does the flow of energy go through a food chain?

  • How will changes in the environment affect a community of organisms?


Vocabulary

  • Adaption

  • Habitat, niche

  • Migration

  • Mimicry

  • Nocturnality

  • Hibernation


Animal Adaptations

  • Animals have different body structures that help them survive in different environments. These are called_____________.

    Adaptations


  • Some types of body adaptations are_________________.

    Camouflage, thickened fur, large eyes, mimicry, hollow bones, beaks, specialized feet, talons, claws, etc.


  • How does a polar bears fur color help him in an Arctic environment?

    Their white fur helps them camouflage

    themselves in the snow.

    Their thick fur helps keep the warm.


  • What are claws-talons for?

    To hold onto branches or tear apart food.


  • What happens to plants and animals if they cannot adapt to a new or change in the environment?

    They will not survive (die).


  • Some types of behavior adaptations are_________________.

    Migration, mimicry, hibernation, nocturnality


  • Why do ducks migrate?

  • To find food in warmer areas.


Vocabulary

  • Complete metamorphosis

  • Incomplete metamorphosis


  • Animals that change form in different stages of their life cycle go through __________.

    Metamorphosis


  • Complete metamorphosis has _______ stages.

  • 4

  • Egg, larva, pupa, and adult

  • http://www.backyardnature.net/metacomp.htm


  • Incomplete metamorphosis has_____ stages.

  • 3

  • Egg, nymph, adult


  • Gives some examples of animals that go through metamorphosis.

  • Frogs and butterflies and potato beetle


Butterfly cycle

  • http://www.kidsbutterfly.org/life-cycle


  • What happens in the cocoon stage?

    New body parts of the butterfly are formed.


Vocabulary

  • Food chain

  • producer

  • Consumer

  • Decomposer

  • Fungi

  • Algae

  • Scavenger

  • Predator

  • Prey


  • All food chains begin with ________.

    Producers


  • Producers make their own _______.

  • food


  • Producers use a process called ________ to create their own food.

    photosynthesis


  • Food chains show the flow of ______.

    energy


Put these components of the food chain in order.

  • Carnivore

  • Herbivore

  • Producer

  • Decomposer

    Producer----herbivore----carnivore----decomposer


Put these components of the food chain in order.

  • Carnivore

  • Algae

  • herbivore

  • Decomposer

    Algae----herbivore----carnivore----decomposer


  • Food chains end with the ________ that in turn adds nutrients to the soil.

    decomposer


  • Some examples of decomposers are ____________.

    Worms, millipedes, maggots, and fungi.


Vocabulary

  • germination

  • photosynthesis

  • pollination

  • chlorophyll

  • respiration

  • vertebrate

  • Invertebrate


  • What types of adaptations help a cacti survive?

    Their spines protect them from animals trying to eat them. Their make up holds water. They have thick, waxy skin.


  • How do animals ensure their existence?

  • reproduce


  • Animals help in the process of _________ and seed disbursement of plants.

    pollination


Essential Questions

  • How do we classify plants and animals?

  • What makes up the body?

  • How are animals grouped?

  • How are the structures of the animal and plant cell similar?

  • How are the structures of the animal cell and plant cell different?


Vocabulary

  • cell

  • tissue

  • organs

  • Organ systems (body systems)

  • organisms


  • How do we observe cells?

    microscope


  • __________ are the building blocks of all living things.

    Cells


Put these in order

Organs, cells, tissue, organ systems (body systems)

Cells-----tissues-----organ-----organ systems


Another word for organ systems is ________.

Body systems


  • Organ systems work together to carry out all ________________.

  • Body functions


Put these in orders

Population, organisms, community, ecosystems

Organisms-----populations-----communities-----ecosystems


Vocabulary

  • population

  • community

  • ecosystem


Vocabulary

  • Classification

  • endotherm

  • ectotherm

  • Bacteria

  • Algae

  • Animalia

  • Plantae

  • Protista

  • Fungi

  • Archaebacteria

  • Eubacteria


Put in the correct columnBirds, insects, arthropods, reptiles, jellyfish, amphibians, worms, fish, mammals, insects, snails

Vertebrates Invertebrates

Birdsinsects

Reptiles arthropods

Amphibiansjellyfish

Fishworms

Mammalssnails


Put in the correct columnreptiles, mammals, fish, birds

EndothermsEctotherms

birdsfish

mammals reptiles


  • Is a snake an ectotherm or endotherm?

    ectotherm


Name all the Kingdoms


  • The first order of classification taxonomy is ___________.

    Kingdom


  • Members of the Plantea kingdom __________.

    Create their own food using photosynthesis.


  • Humans are members of the _______ kingdom.

    Animalia


Mushrooms belong to the ________ kingdom.

Fungi


Essential Questions

  • What are geological features?

  • Which geological features are located in North and South Poles?

  • What are some landform processes?

  • How can a force be both destructive and constructive at the same time?

  • How are canyons formed?


Vocabulary

  • erosion

  • beaches

  • Ocean ridges

  • Continental shelf

  • plateaus

  • faults

  • canyons

  • Sand dunes

  • Ice caps

  • Plains

  • Glacier

  • delta


  • Dry land and ocean floors are _________________

    constantly changing over time.


  • _______________ and _____________ change Earth’s land and ocean floors.

    Volcanoes and earthquakes


  • _____________ is the movement of rock material from one place to another.

    Erosion


  • _____________ is the slow wearing away of rock into smaller pieces.

    Weathering


  • _______ ______ includes all dry land as well as the ocean floor.

    Earth’s crust


  • _____________ are geological features of Earth.

    Landforms


Most landforms can be found all around the world (globally), but others are found in specific areas.

  • Example-____ ___ are found only at the North and South Poles.

    Ice caps


  • Landforms can be changed by ________, ________, _______, and ________.

    Landslides, water erosion, wind erosion, and earthquakes


  • ___ _____ _____ was formed by water erosion.

    The Grand Canyon


  • Beaches are protected from erosion by ______ _______.

    sand dunes, barrier islands


Glaciers, deltas, and canyons are types of __________.

landforms


  • The ring of fire is a chain of volcanoes formed by ________.

    Faults or plate tectonics


  • _____ of the Earth is water.

    70%


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