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2003 MATHEMATICS NCSCOS Grade 5 Indicators. Math Vocabulary by Goal. Goal 1. The learner will understand and compute with nonnegative rational numbers. A real number that can be written as the ratio of two integers (positive or negative whole number, fraction, or decimal). Rational Number.

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2003 mathematics ncscos grade 5 indicators

2003 MATHEMATICS NCSCOSGrade 5 Indicators

Math Vocabulary by Goal


Goal 1

The learner will understand and compute

with nonnegative rational numbers.


A real number that can be written as the ratio of two integers (positive or negative whole number, fraction, or decimal)

Rational Number


Expanded integers (positive or negative whole number, fraction, or decimal)notation form

Picture Form

300+20+6

Forms of Numbers

1,111

326

Three hundred twenty-six

Word Form

Standard form

http://www.aaamath.com/plc31d-placevalue-add.html


ten- thousands integers (positive or negative whole number, fraction, or decimal)

ones

hundreds

hundredths

Hundred- thousands

thousands

tens

tenths

thousandths

The position of a single digit in a whole number or decimal number containing one or more digits.

145,305.791

Place Value

http://mrsbogucki.com/aemes/resource/apps/placeval/placeval.htm


Arranged from smallest to largest integers (positive or negative whole number, fraction, or decimal)

Ascending Order

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/e/decorderl.cfm


Arranged from largest to smallest integers (positive or negative whole number, fraction, or decimal)

Descending Order


An answer close to the exact answer. Usually found by rounding.

366

370

400

Approximately/About

http://www.myschoolhouse.com/courses/O/1/16.asp


Numbers that divide exactly into another number. rounding.

12 – 1,2,3,4,6,12

36 – 1,2,3,4,6,9,12,18,36

48 – 1,2,3,4,6,8,12,16,24,48

Factors

http://illuminations.nctm.org/tools/tool_detail.aspx?id=12


Number that results from multiplying a given number by a set of whole numbers.

4 – 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40

6 – 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, 42, 48, 54

8 – 8,16, 24, 32, 40, 48, 56

Multiples

http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/mathsfile/shockwave/games/gridgame.html


Having the same amount or value; the state of being equal. of whole numbers.

Equivalence

http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_105_g_2_t_1.html


Symbol used to compare relationships of inequalities. of whole numbers.

Symbol used to compare numbers

Symbol used to compare numbers

Less Than/Greater Than

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/k/greaterlessthanl.cfm


.5 = .50 of whole numbers.

.30 = .300

? < .5

? =.1,.2,.3,.4,or .5

.5 =.05

.3 = .003

equal to

less than or equal to

not equal to

Symbols used to determine relationships of equalities.

Equal to/not equal to

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/k/greaterlessthanl.cfm


3 -Numerator of whole numbers.

7 -Denominator

Equal parts of a whole or group written with a numerator and a denominator.

Fraction

http://math.rice.edu/~lanius/fractions/


3 of whole numbers.

4

Numerator: number of each part

Denominator: number of parts

1

2

fraction

2

Whole number

Fractions

7

3

Improper fraction

mixed number

http://www.visualfractions.com/MixtoFrCircle.html


1/2 = 3/6 of whole numbers.

Fractions that are the same or equal

Equivalent Fractions

http://www.learningplanet.com/sam/ff/index.asp

http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/fracsorter/index.html


.1 of whole numbers.

.01

.001

Numbers written in standard form to show a value less than 1.

one-tenth

one-hundredth

one-thousandth

Decimal

http://www.321know.com/cmp42bx2.htm


Problem Solving Strategies of whole numbers.

http://www.mathstories.com/strategies.htm


Problem Solving Method of whole numbers.

Look BackJustify, prove, evaluate or explain the reasonableness of your answer.


Using a table/chart of whole numbers.

X

X

X

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/k/chartprobl.cfm

http://www.mathstories.com/strategies_makeatable.htm


Guess and Check of whole numbers.

Prince Carl divided 15 stone games into two piles: games he owns and games his brother owns. He owns 3 more games than his brother. How many games does his brother own?

Answer: Prince Carl – 9 Brother - 6

http://www.mathstories.com/strategies_guesscheck.htm


Question: Laura has 3 green chips, of whole numbers.

4 blue chips and

1 red chip in her bag.

What fractional part

of the bag of chips is green?

Make a diagram/ picture

http://www.mathstories.com/strategies_drawpicture.htm


Make an organized list of whole numbers.

Question: Jill, Makayla and Tanya don’t want to ride the Ferris-wheel alone. How many ways can they ride if the ride will only fit two at a time?

Jill/Makayla

Jill/Tanya

Makayla/Tanya

3 ways

Organized list

Answer

http://www.mathstories.com/strategies_makealist.htm

\


Work Backwards of whole numbers.

The castle kitchen waiters brought in 4 pies left over from the feast. Twelve pies were eaten at the feast. Queen Mab took 2 home with her. How many pies did the waiters bring into the feast at the beginning?

2 12 4 = 2 + 12 + 4 = 18

http://www.mathstories.com/strategies_working_backward.htm


Using a calculator of whole numbers.

Calculator Riddles

From

DPI

http://community.learnnc.org/dpi/math/archives/2005/06/problem_solving.php


Using objects, models, representations of whole numbers.

http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_273_g_2_t_4.html


Information in a problem that does NOT help you solve the problem.

The peasants had to dig a trench 3 feet side to side and 10 times as long. It took them 4 days to dig it. There were 7 of them digging. How long was the trench?

Extra Information


Putting numbers together to make them easier to work with problem.

1 + 4 + 3 +7 + 6 + 8 + 9 + 2 = ?

10 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 40

Compose

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/d/commutativep.cfm


Breaking a number apart to make it easier to work with. problem.

30 X 14

(30 X 10) + (30 X 4)

300 + 120 = 420

Decompose

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/d/commutativep.cfm


Mathematical sentence where the left side of the equals sign has the same value as the right side.

Equation

http://www.aplusmath.com/Games/PlanetBlast/index.html


Goal 2 has the same value as the right side.

The learner will recognize and use

standard units of metric and customary

measurement.


1000 ml = 1 L has the same value as the right side.

1 L

1 ml

Units of capacity in the metric system.

liter

http://www.metricamerica.com/litre.htm


G has the same value as the right side.

Q

Q

PP

2 c = 1 pt

2 pt = 1 qt

4 qt = 1 gal

PP

cc

cc

cc

cc

Q

Q

PP

cc

cc

PP

cc

cc

Units of capacity in the customary system.

cup, pint, quart, gallon

http://www.edhelper.com/math/capacity_fg1943.htm


Benchmark landmark
Benchmark/landmark has the same value as the right side.

http://www.mathcats.com/explore/convert.html


100cm = 1m has the same value as the right side.

1000 m = 1 km

Units of length, width and distance in the metric system.

centimeter, meter, kilometer

http://www.metricamerica.com/centimetre.htm


12in = 1 ft has the same value as the right side.

3 ft = 1 yd

5280 ft = 1 mi

Units of length, width and distance in the customary system.

Inches, Feet, Yards, Miles

http://www.funbrain.com/measure/


Benchmark landmark1
Benchmark/landmark has the same value as the right side.

http://www.aaamath.com/B/mea69_x2.htm


1000g = 1kg has the same value as the right side.

Units of weight (or mass) in the metric system.

gram and kilogram

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/d/metgraml.cfm


16 oz = 1lb has the same value as the right side.

2000 lbs = 1 ton

Units of weight (or mass) in the customary system.

ounce, pound, and ton

http://www.edhelper.com/math/length_weight_fg2255.htm


Benchmark landmark2
Benchmark/landmark has the same value as the right side.


Tool used to measure angles has the same value as the right side.

Protractor

http://www.amblesideprimary.com/ambleweb/mentalmaths/protractor.html

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/math/label/protractor/


Two segments that meet to form a 90 degree angle. has the same value as the right side.

Right Angle

http://www.icteachers.co.uk/children/sats/triangles.htm

http://www.mathsnet.net/shape/category1.html


110 has the same value as the right side. 0

350

350

An angle with a measure of more than 90 degrees, but less than 180 degrees.

Obtuse Angle

http://www.manatee.k12.fl.us/sites/elementary/palmasola/mathlabtutan1b.htm

http://www.toonuniversity.com/6m_angle_d.html


60 has the same value as the right side. 0

600

600

An angle less than 90 degrees

Acute Angle

http://www.mathsnet.net/shape/category2.html


130 has the same value as the right side.

50

Two angles that share a common side

Adjacent Angles

http://www.mathwords.com/a/adjacent_angles.htm


Symbol used to identify an angle has the same value as the right side.

A

=

ABC

C

B

Angle Notation


130 has the same value as the right side.

50

Two adjacent angles whose sum is 180 degrees

Supplementary Angles

http://www.mathsisfun.com/geometry/supplementary-angles.html

http://www.mathopenref.com/anglesupplementary.html


45 has the same value as the right side.

45

Two adjacent angles whose sum is 90 degrees

Complementary Angles

http://www.mathwarehouse.com/geometry/angle/complementary-angles.php

http://www.mathopenref.com/anglecomplementary.html


45 has the same value as the right side.

45

Angles that have the same measure.

Congruent Angles

http://www.kidport.com/Grade5/Math/MeasureGeo/MeasuringAngles.htm


Goal 3 has the same value as the right side.

The learner will understand and use

properties and relationships of plane

figures.


These markings indicate congruent sides. has the same value as the right side.

When sides of a shape are equal in length

Congruent Sides


4 in has the same value as the right side.

4 in

4 in

All three sides of this triangle are congruent.

Equilateral Triangle

http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0876325.html

http://www.amblesideprimary.com/ambleweb/sketchpad/equilateral.htm

http://library.thinkquest.org/20991/textonly/quizzes/geo/q4/p1.html


4 in has the same value as the right side.

4 in

3 in

This triangle has two congruent sides.

Isosceles Triangle

http://www.homeschoolmath.net/gy/equilateral_isosceles.php

http://www.amblesideprimary.com/ambleweb/sketchpad/isosco.htm


4 in has the same value as the right side.

3 in

5 in

This triangle has no congruent sides

Scalene Triangle

http://www.amblesideprimary.com/ambleweb/sketchpad/scalene.htm

http://www.mathsisfun.com/triangle.html




Any four sided figure congruent.

Quadrilateral

http://regentsprep.org/Regents/math/quad/LQuad.htm


A congruent.

B

A line with two endpoints

Midpoint

Line Segment

http://www.pinkmonkey.com/studyguides/subjects/geometry/chap1/g0101201.asp


A line with one endpoint congruent.

Ray

http://www.mathleague.com/help/geometry/basicterms.htm#rays



Two rays that meet at a vertex congruent.

Angle

http://www.kidport.com/Grade5/Math/MeasureGeo/MeasuringAngles.htm


Sides or angles immediately next to each other. congruent.

Adjacent

http://www.kidport.com/Grade5/Math/MeasureGeo/MeasuringAngles.htm



Two lines that will never touch or intersect because they are the same distance apart.

Parallel Lines

http://www.homeschoolmath.net/teaching/g/parallel_and_perpendicular.php


Lines that intersect at right angles to each other. are the same distance apart.

Perpendicular Lines

http://www.homeschoolmath.net/teaching/g/parallel_and_perpendicular.php


Making an estimate or best guess by appearance or with little evidence.

Is this a right triangle?

How do you know?

What is your evidence? Can you tell without measuring?

Conjecture


A line joining two non-adjacent vertices of a polygon. little evidence.

Diagonal

http://www.math.fau.edu/Richman/Liberal/polydiag.htm


Four sided figure; all sides equal; opposite sides parallel; all right angles

Sum of interior angles - 360º

2 intersecting, bisecting, perpendicular diagonals

Square

http://www.mathleague.com/help/geometry/polygons.htm#righttriangle


Four sided figure; opposite sides equal lengths and parallel; all right angles

Rectangle


Four sided figure; opposite sides equal lengths and parallel; all right angles

Sum of interior angles - 360º

2 intersecting diagonals.

Rectangle

http://encyclopedia.laborlawtalk.com/Rectangle

http://www.standards.dfes.gov.uk/primary/publications/mathematics/12874/nns_useict026000carroll.swf


A four-sided figure in which the two pairs of adjacent sides have the same length.

Sum of interior angles - 360º

2 intersecting, perpendicular diagonals

Kite


Four sided figure. Opposite sides equal lengths and parallel have the same length.

An six sided figure

Four sided figure. Top and bottom sides parallel

Parallelogram

Hexagon

Trapezoid

Four sided figure. opposite sides equal lengths and parallel, opposite angles equal

An eight sided figure

An five sided figure

Octagon

Rhombus

Pentagon

http://ejad.best.vwh.net/java/patterns/patterns_j.shtml

http://www.aplusmath.com/cgi-bin/games/geopicture


9 diagonals/ sum of interior angles - 720 have the same length. º

2 intersecting diagonals/ sum of interior angles 360º

2 intersecting diagonals/ sum of interior angles 360º

Parallelogram

Hexagon

Trapezoid

5 diagonals/ Sum of interior angles - 540º

2 intersecting perpendicular diagonals/ sum of interior angles 360º

20 diagonals/ sum of interior angles - 1080º

Octagon

Rhombus

Pentagon


Number of diagonals in a polygon: have the same length.

+3 +4 +5 +6

Sum of interior angles in a polygon:

+180 +180 +180 +180 +180


two types of trapezoids have the same length.

Two right angles

No right angles

Two congruent sides

Right Trapezoid

Isosceles Trapezoid


A ten sided polygon have the same length.

Decagon


Line of symmetry have the same length.

When a straight line is drawn through a shape so that the two halves are congruent.

Symmetry

http://library.thinkquest.org/J002441F/symmetry.htm


When an outline of a turning figure matches its original shape.

Rotational Symmetry

http://www.adrianbruce.com/Symmetry/10.htm

http://www.learner.org/channel/courses/learningmath/geometry/session7/part_b/index.html


To turn an object, usually shape90 degrees, 180 degrees, or 270 degrees.

Half turn - 180 degrees

Point of rotation

Quarter turn - 90 degrees

3 Quarter turn -270 degrees

Rotations

http://regentsprep.org/Regents/Math/rotate/PracRot.htm

http://www.studyzone.org/mtestprep/math8/f/symturns5p.cfm


The same direction as the way hands on the clock go. shape

Clockwise

Counter Clockwise

The opposite direction of the way the hands on the clock go.


Goal 4 shape

The learner will understand and use

graphs and data analysis.


Collection of information often organized on graphs or charts for analysis.

Data

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/d/graphdatal.cfm


93, 84, 97, 98, 100, 78, 86, 100, 85, 92 charts for analysis.

78, 84, 85, 86, 92, 93, 97, 98, 100, 100

78, 84, 85, 86, 92, 93, 97, 98, 100, 100

92 + 93 = 185 185 / 2 = 92.5

92.5

The middle number in a set of data; must put numbers in order from least to greatest first.

Median

http://regentsprep.org/Regents/math/mean/Pmeasure.htm


56, 66, 68, 73, 44, 62, 73, 44, 89, 55, 41, 73 charts for analysis.

41, 44, 44, 55, 56, 62, 66, 68, 73, 73, 73, 89

41, 44, 44, 55, 56, 62, 66, 68, 73, 73, 73, 89

73

The number that occurs most in a set of data.

Mode


89,  73,  84,  91,  87,  77,  94 charts for analysis.

73, 77, 84, 87, 89, 91, 94

94 – 73 = 21

21

Subtract the smallest number from the largest number in a set of data.

Range

http://www.mathgoodies.com/lessons/vol8/range.html

http://www.quizville.com/range.php


1 charts for analysis.

2

3

4

5

6

7

3, 3, 7

2, 9, 9, 9

1

3, 9

1, 4, 6

2

5, 7, 7, 8

A way to arrange data with the tens on the left and the ones listed on the right.

Stem and Leaf Plot

http://regentsprep.org/Regents/math/data/stemleaf.htm

http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/stemleaf/index.html


Used to find coordinates for ordered pairs for the X and Y axis.

Coordinate Grid/ X-Y Chart

http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/pcoords/index.html

http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/coords2/index.html


A horizontal number line on which each value of a set is denoted by an “x” over a value.

The number of x’s indicates how many times each score occurred.

Line Plot

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/d/rangel.cfm

l


A graph that uses pictures to represent data. denoted by an “x” over a value.

Key

Pictograph

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/d/graphdatal.cfm


label denoted by an “x” over a value.

scale

interval

title

http://www.mcwdn.org/Graphs/LineGraph.html

Shows change over time; will have months, days or other time words in the problem.

Line Graph


title denoted by an “x” over a value.

labels

scale

Is used to compare facts about groups and numbers that can be counted

Bar Graph

http://www.mcwdn.org/Graphs/BarGraph.html


title denoted by an “x” over a value.

key

labels

Compares parts to the whole; decimals and fractions may be used on this graph

Circle Graph

http://www.mcwdn.org/Graphs/CirclePieQuiz.html


IIII IIII IIII denoted by an “x” over a value.

The number of times an event occurs; may use tally marks to record

tallies

Frequency

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/d/tablestallyl.cfm


Goal 5 denoted by an “x” over a value.

The learner will demonstrate an

understanding of patterns, relationships,

and elementary algebraic representation.


A letter or symbol that represents a number in an algebraic expression.

Each side of the = symbol must balance

Variable

http://www.aplusmath.com/Games/PlanetBlast/index.html

http://www.vectorkids.com/vkvariable.htm


Contains at least one variable as well as other numbers and/or operations.

10

16

20

5

20

100

Algebraic Expression

http://mathsnet.net/algebra/l2_equation.html

l


A mathematical sentence where the left side equals the right side.

Equation

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/d/numericalp.cfm


Function Machine side.

A chart that shows a consistent rate of change.

T-chart

Input/Output chart

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/k/addpatternsl.cfm

http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/NumberCruncher/


X + 3 = 7 side.

The variable represents the number you are solving to find, termed as the…

Unknown

http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_201_g_4_t_2.html


An ordered set of numbers, shapes, or other mathematical objects, arranged according to a rule.

Pattern

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/i/dpatternsl.cfm

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/k/patternsl.cfm

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/k/patternsp.cfm


Pattern Changes objects, arranged according to a rule.

Constant Change

2,4,6,8,10….

Varying Change

3,7,4,8,5,9,6,10,7…

Proportional Change

3 4 5 6 7 8 9… 20

5 6 7 8 9 10 11…. 22


Pattern Types objects, arranged according to a rule.

Geometric Pattern

Patterns using shapes

Numeric Pattern

4, 8,16,32,….

Patterns using numbers


Any number in the pattern can be found by finding the relationship or rule of the pattern.

3,6,9,12,15,18…… Nth term = 3n

10th term = 3(10) = 30

Nth Term


.5 = .50 relationship or rule of the pattern.

.30 = .300

? < .5

? =.1,.2,.3,.4,or .5

.5 =.05

.3 = .003

equal to

less than or equal to

not equal to

Symbols used to determine relationships of equalities.

Equal to/not equal to

http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/math4/k/greaterlessthanl.cfm


3 relationship or rule of the pattern.

5

Red chips

Blue chips

The quotient of two numbers used to compare two quantities.

Ratio

http://www.studyzone.org/mtestprep/math8/c/ratiol.cfm


Resources
Resources relationship or rule of the pattern.

  • Web resources are listed at the bottom of each slide.

  • Additional resources:

    • NCDPI Math Glossary

      • http://community.learnnc.org/dpi/math/archives/GlossarySP.pdf

    • Houghton Mifflin Math

      • http://www.eduplace.com/kids/hmm/g_5.html


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