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Putting it all together: Policy directions. Cameron Maxwell, Business Development, FCS FEG Autumn Symposium, 8 September 2011. Forestry is always looking for a White Knight. SG policy.

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Putting it all together policy directions

Putting it all together:Policy directions

Cameron Maxwell, Business Development, FCS

FEG Autumn Symposium, 8 September 2011




Sg policy
SG policy

The Scottish Government would prefer to see biomass deployed in heat-only or combined heat and power schemes, off gas-grid, at a scale appropriate to make best use of both the available heat, and of local supply.

Policy directions


Rationale
Rationale

  • Heat is 50% of total energy demand

  • Make most efficient use of a finite resource

  • Biomass key to delivering 11% renewable heat target

    • can make a minor contribution to electricity baseload

    • off gas-grid ensures highest carbon savings

    • promote development of decentralised energy generation.

Policy directions


Balanced approach
Balanced approach

  • Timber processing industries:

    • low carbon products for construction etc

    • contribution to economic development

  • New income stream for forest industries

    • Better returns for growers

    • Development of supply chain

    • More woodland management

    • Encourage investment in new woodland

  • Heat – more incremental increase in demand

  • Local use

Policy directions


Resource
Resource

  • Softwood production - 6.3m green tonnes

    • Sawmills

    • Wood panel

    • Paper and paperboard

    • Wood fuel - 1.6m green tonnes (40% recycled)

  • Production Forecast, 7.3m green tonnes in 2020

  • UK 9.8m gt (2010), 11.8m gt (2020)

Policy directions


Biomass demand
Biomass demand

Forestry Commission Scotland: Wood Fuel Demand and Usage Update Report 2009. Hudson Consulting (www.forestry.gov.uk/scotland)

Policy directions


Availability
Availability

  • WFTF update report published in March 2011

  • Potential available resource

    • 0.8m green tonnes in 2010-11,

    • 2.4m green tonnes in 2017-21

    • Increased harvest, forest residues, recycled wood

  • Renewable heat 2.8% (biomass 90%)

  • Additional 1m green tonnes in heat only plants would deliver additional 3% renewable heat

Policy directions


Imports
Imports

  • May be a significant role for imported biomass

  • But global market is immature and likely to be volatile

  • Use dependant on:

    • price, availability and evidence of sustainability

  • Use should support maximum heat use and de-centralised energy production.

Policy directions


Going forward
Going forward

  • Renewable Obligation Banding Review

    • Review support for biomass to align with policy

  • Analysis:

    • Best use of wood fibre and wood fuel

  • Future wood fuel demand

    • Likely impact of the Renewable Heat Incentive

    • Proposals in planning

  • Energy forestry

Policy directions


Uk government policy
UK Government policy

  • Renewables Road Map

    • Significant role for biomass electricity

    • Enhanced co-firing, conversion, dedicated biomass

  • ROC Banding Review

  • Bioenergy Strategy/Bioenergy Review

Policy directions


Uk ambition m odt
UK ambition (m odt)

+ 5m odt for the renewable heat target

Policy directions


Demand for uk fibre m odt
Demand for UK fibre (m odt)

Policy directions


Uk biomass inputs
UK biomass inputs

Policy directions


Global resource
Global resource

Policy directions


Timber development
Timber development

  • Green credentials

    • Renewable

    • Carbon substitution

    • Carbon storage

  • Incentivisation

    • Promotion,

    • Education

    • R & D, new products, systems,

    • Building regulations, embodied carbon.


Concerns conclusions
Concerns/conclusions

  • Scale of demand

    • Tilbury, Drax

  • Pellet plants

    • Georgia, USA – 1m tonnes

    • Russia – 2-3m tonnes

    • Canada – 2m tonnes

  • Electricity generators will go for most accessible material first

  • Ability to pay

    • DECC: 5-15% price increase to 2020

  • Wood will travel

Policy directions



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