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Puritans and Other Early Colonies. And probably some other stuff…. Roger Williams Separation of church and state Banished to RI Free religion Voters did not have to be church members. Puritan Intolerance. Anne Hutchinson She was smart, well-educated, and powerful And she was a WOMAN

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puritans and other early colonies

Puritans and Other Early Colonies

And probably some other stuff…

puritan intolerance

Roger Williams

    • Separation of church and state
    • Banished to RI
    • Free religion
    • Voters did not have to be church members
Puritan Intolerance
puritan intolerance1

Anne Hutchinson

    • She was smart, well-educated, and powerful
    • And she was a WOMAN
    • Many turned against her in MA
    • Tried for heresy, and convicted
    • BANISHED to RI, the armpit of MA
Puritan Intolerance
puritan emigration

Between 1649-1660, Puritans to New England slowed to a halt

  • Oliver Cromwell ruled England as a republic
  • Had a Constitution
  • Died in 1658
  • By 1660, the Stuarts restored the throne
  • Interregnum: between kings: Puritans had prosperity in England, even if it was brief…
  • Stuarts took over, Puritans began emigrating again
Puritan Emigration
a summary of new england and chesapeake

Very different lives

  • Entire families emigrated to New England
  • Single males to Virginia
  • Climate was more suitable in N.E. and people lived longer
  • Stronger sense of community in N.E.
  • Towns were closer in N.E.
  • Both groups were religious, but who was by far the most religious of the two??????
A summary of New England and Chesapeake
part ii other early colonies thanks to king charles ii

Part II: Other Early Colonies: Thanks to King Charles II!

A summary of many of the early colonies and how they got started

ma and pequot war

Massachusetts settlers began to look for new places to live

  • CT valley was a good place
  • Lots of access to the sea for trade
  • Area was inhabited by Pequots, who attacked a settlement in Wakefield and killed nine colonists
  • MA Bay members burned the main Pequot village, killing 400, including men, women, and children
MA and Pequot War
connecticut and maryland

Proprietorship (owned by one person)

  • CT was one example (John Winthrop I believe…)
  • MD was another; granted to Calvert (Lord Baltimore)
  • Calvert declared MD a haven for Catholics, but also for all Christians to have religious tolerance
Connecticut and Maryland
new york

A royal gift to James, the king’s brother

  • Much of the area was New Netherland, a Dutch settlement
  • Dutch didn’t think much of area other than a trading post
  • After English invaded, Dutch allowed to stay, and made up a lot of NY population for years
New York
new jersey

King gave New Jersey to a couple of friends (political allies)

  • The friends then turned around and gave it back to the crown, and it became a royal colony again!
  • It was not a profitable colony
  • No major cities developed there at that time
New Jersey
pennsylvania

King Charles II gave PA to William Penn, a close friend

  • Charles felt that Quakers were “dangerous radicals”, as did many at this time
  • But he and Penn were friends, and with his desire to get the Quakers as far away from England as possible, he gave them PA
  • Penn established liberal policies toward religious freedom and civil liberties in PA
  • PA became one of the fastest growing colonies
Pennsylvania
north carolina

Initially just Carolina, another proprietary colony

  • Split in two in 1729 due to conflict between the proprietors
  • NC was settled by Virginians and was run like VA
North Carolina
south carolina

The other half of the split

  • Settled by descendants of Englishmen who had colonized Barbados
  • Settlers from Barbados were the first Englishmen in the New World who had seen widespread slavery at work
  • This was really what marked the beginning of the slave era in the colonies
South Carolina
georgia

Georgia - the last of the colonies

  • A philanthropic experiment and buffer from the Spanish
  • General James Oglethorpe was its founder
Georgia
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