Warm up
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Warm-up. Make a list of what you would fear if you were setting off to colonize a new world. Turn to page 64 in textbook. English Attempts to Colonize North Carolina. Chapter 4. Essential Question. How and why did England first attempt to establish a colony in North Carolina?. Vocab.

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Warm up

Warm-up

  • Make a list of what you would fear if you were setting off to colonize a new world.

  • Turn to page 64 in textbook.


English attempts to colonize north carolina

English Attempts to Colonize North Carolina

Chapter 4


Essential question

Essential Question

  • How and why did England first attempt to establish a colony in North Carolina?


Vocab

Vocab

  • Francis Drake *Sea dog

  • Colony * Charter

  • Walter Raleigh * Manteo and Wanchese

  • Amadas and Barlowe


Warm up

Who is Henry VIII?

Why is Elizabeth I important?

Why do Spain and England hate each other?

Who is Francis Drake?


Background

Background

  • Spain = wealthiest and most powerful country in Europe.

    • What region of the Americas do they control?

  • England

    • England wanted a share of the wealth and power that Spain possessed in the New World.

    • England began to send out explorers…


England challenges spain

England Challenges Spain

  • Two countries becoming bitter enemies

  • Religion

    • 1500’s- England’s Henry VIII turns Protestant

    • Spain = Catholic


England challenges spain1

England Challenges Spain

  • Queen Elizabeth I

    • One of England’s greatest rulers

    • Henry VIII’s daughter

  • England wanted wealth from overseas exploration and trade.

  • Wanted to establish colonies


Defeat of the spanish armada

DEFEAT OF THE SPANISH ARMADA

  • 1588- Spain has world’s most powerful navy.

    • Want to wipe England off the map

  • Queen Eliz. And England whoop up on the Spanish

  • England starts becoming the more dominant/powerful country


Question

Question

  • Why would the British want form colonies in North America?


Early english colonies

Early English Colonies

  • Francis Drake and “Sea Dogs”-raided Spanish ships

  • Sir Walter Raleigh

    • 1584- Granted a Charter( a legal document that grants permission to settle land)

    • Mission was to “discover and inhibit strange lands.”


Amadas and barlowe

Amadas and Barlowe

  • Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe

    • Selected by Raleigh as captains of his expedition to New World.

    • Arrived in NC in 1584 (First English ppl in NC)

    • Documented the beautiful plants, animals, and resources of NC


Manteo and wanchese

Manteo and Wanchese

  • Native Americans that Amadas and Barlowe brought back to England.


Question1

Question…?

  • Why was Queen Elizabeth delighted with Barlowe’s report?

  • What was Raleigh’s first step in his missions “to discover and inhabit strange lands?”

  • How did North Carolina’s geography affect the first expedition?


Effects of amadas and barlowe expedition

Effects of Amadas and Barlowe Expedition

  • Jumpstarted English desire to establish colonies.

  • Increased interest in the New World’s plants, animals, and people.

  • The land North of Florida is named “Virginia” in honor of the Virgin Queen


Push factors

Push Factors

Reasons that “push” people from one place to another.

For example, lack of job opportunities or lack of food


Pull factors

Pull Factors

Reasons that PULL people from one place to another.

For example, the promise of finding gold


Vocabualry

Vocabualry

  • Richard Grenville *Ralph Lane

  • Simon Fernades *Wingina

  • Thomas Harriot

  • John White


Ralph lane colony

Ralph Lane Colony

  • Excited by the good report from the good report from the Amadas and Barlowe expedition, Queen Elizabeth and Walter Raleigh prepared another expedition to North America.

  • The goal: to set up a lasting settlement on Roanoke Island.


The voyage and the people

The voyage and the people

  • In April 1585, 7 fleets left England to settle in the colony.

  • On board the ship,

  • Richard Grenville was the commander.

  • Simon Fernandes helped pilot and guide the ship

  • Thomas Harriot, a scientist

  • John White, an artist

  • Ralph Lane, the commander once landed.


Roanoke island

Roanoke Island

  • Fort Raleigh- the fort the settlers built once on the island.

  • The settlers began to explore the area, to find resources and to map and paint the region.


Exploring the region

Exploring the Region

  • 3 expeditions went out.

  • * One to the Chesapeake Bay, two others explored the Roanoke Island area.

  • Everyone had a role


Question2

Question…?

  • Where did the colonists explore during their expeditions?

  • Why did the colonists build a fort immediately after landing at Roanoke?


The trouble begins

The trouble begins

  • Grenville left and returned to England for supplies

  • By winter, he had not returned and supplies were running low!

  • Tension rose over Lane’s leadership and his treatment of the natives.

    *Wingina-new chief

    *Lane leads an attack on the natives


Leaving the colony

Leaving the colony

  • Colonists now feared native retaliation.

  • Francis Drake arrived to check on the colony and to leave supplies.

  • The Colonists left Roanoke Island with Drake


Achievements of the colony

Achievements of the Colony

  • Along with 97 settlers returning, Lane brought back to England three valuable products: tobacco, corn and marsh potato.

  • Maps and paintings of the region was also brought back.

  • These achievements left hope that England would establish a permanent colony in North America.


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