NDMO Case Study: HAWAII, USA EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TSUNAMI PREPAREDNESS. IOC Expert Missions May-August, 2005. Hawaii Hazard and Risk Analysis. Low Risk. High Risk. Hazards. 0. 2. 4. 6. 8. 10. Hurricane Flash Flood Tsunami Earthquake Volcano
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NDMO Case Study:HAWAII, USAEMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TSUNAMI PREPAREDNESS
IOC Expert Missions
HAZMAT(trans & oil spill)
Risk Ranking includes likelihood and effect on population and property
“RUNUP” = Coastal wave heights above mean sea level, as measured by debris on shore.
Private Supporting Agencies
WARNING CENTER OPERATORS
Pacific, Indian Ocean, Caribbean, Mediterranean Tsunami Warning Centers
Comprehensive Tsunami Risk Reduction
Stakeholders build Tsunami Resilient Community
Sirens Emergency Alert System
Audio & Crawlers
Activated by: National Weather Service State Civil Defense County Civil Defense
EAS Audio & Alarm
Emergency Alert System (EAS) SCD EOC (located in Diamond Head crater) initiates public message, which transmits immediately by dedicated microwave link to designated, pre-arranged radio stations on neighbor islands for broadcast; TV broadcasts (crawlers) originate from Honolulu
Secure Phone(STU III)
60-Channel Recorder (radio & wire)
Computer Notifier System
- Systems tested weekly
Six Servers (Including Backup)
SUN Sparc Stations (email & web site)
Micron NT Servers (Office automation)
wide area network
LOCAL AREA NETWORK
Scanners, CD Rom Tower
Connecting County EOC’s
State Civil Defense
National Weather Service
Pacific Tsunami Warning Center
County Civil Defense Agencies -
Kauai, Maui, Hawaii
Oahu Civil Defense Agency
County Warning Pts (police)
National Weather Service
State Warning Pt (police)
System includes NWS satellite data & weatherfax; Network tested daily
DISTANT THREAT: Aleutian Generated Tsunami
4 Hours and 20 Min Travel Time
First Impact: Port Allen, Kauai (northwest island)
DISTANT THREAT:Chilean Generated Tsunami
13 Hours and 36 Min Travel Time
First impact: Hilo, Hawaii (southeast island)
Local Tsunami Threat:30 minutes to Waikiki, Oahu
April 1, 2005
HEI, Pacific Tsunami Museum, RACES,
10:15 a.m. An earthquake greater than 8.0 magnitude occurs in the vicinity of the Alaska Aleutian Islands.
10:25 a.m. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) issues a Tsunami Watch Bulletin for the State of Hawaii. First wave arrival to Hawaii is 4 hrs 30 mins after earthquake origin time.
11:45 a.m. Hawaii placed in a Tsunami Warning (3 hours before first wave arrival at 2:45 p.m.) Statewide siren sounding (monthly Siren System test).
2:45 p.m. First wave arrival.
3:30 p.m. End of Exercise.
Statewide Tsunami Exercise
For more info,
contact Hawaii State Civil Defense
STAKEHOLDER COORDINATION MECHANISM
IMPLEMENTATION, POLICY, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND MEDIA, OUTREACH, EDUCATION
NOAA, FEMA, USACE, USCG, DOD, FEB, Univ. Hawai`i, Pacific Disaster Center, Red Cross, Pacific Tsunami Museum,State & Local Agencies (DOE, DBEDT, DOT, DLNR, CZM, Warning Points, Civil Defense, Tsunami advisors)
Hazard ID, Risk Assessment, Warning Guidance Awareness and Mitigation
Public Affairs Working GroupHawaii TTRCNOAA, SCD, C&C Honolulu Public Affairs OfficersITIC, Pacific Tsunami Museum, Tsunami Survivor
Hatada Bakery on top a Boxcar
March 28Annual Shinmachi Reunion Potluck, Wailoa State Park,Big Island
March 29Workshop for Hotel Security Assn., Media, “Tsunami! Mother Nature’s Weapon of Mass Destruction”, Neal Blaisdell Center, 2 sessions
March 30/April 1Public Access TV, Channel 52, Special on Tsunami Awareness, Donna Saiki, Director Pacific Tsunami Museum, Hilo
Exercise 11:15 a.m. – 12:15 p.m.
April 2Memorial Program for Laupahoehoe School and Community, Big Island, “Memories Behind Us, Friends Beside Us & Dreams Before Us”
April 3, 17Shinmachi Saturday at the Pacific Tsunami Museum, Hilo, Free admission to anyone who can trace their family to a Shinmachi history
April 4Tsunami Information Booth at E Malama I Ke Kai Ocean Awareness Festival, Bishop Museum, Honolulu
April 10Fundraiser Dinner for Pacific Tsunami Museum, Waikiki Yacht Club, Honolulu
April 2216th Annual Earth Day Fair and Environmental EducationForum, Hilo
May 232nd Annual Tsunami Story Festival tocommemorate 1960 Chilean tsunami, sponsored by Pacific Tsunami Museum, Sangha Hall, Hilo.
luggage tags, highlighters)
1. If you are near the coast & feel the earth shake so hard you cannot stand up, move immediately inland and to higher ground. Ground shaking means that an earthquake has occurred and a tsunami may follow.
2. Know in advance whether or not you live in an evacuation area. Evacuation maps and shelter locations are found in the front of the Hawaii telephone book white pages.
3. Develop a family emergency plan and decide where you will meet if separated, how you will stay in contact, where you will seek shelter, and what you will take if you must evacuate.
4. Be prepared with food, water, and supplies to last for 3 days or until the “all clear” is announced.
Science liaison to Emergency Managers during alarms
On-call 24x7 with pagers
PTWC-triggered alert for
Auto tsunami info paging,
travel time calculation
20 Latest Msgs posted to PDC Website
In Hawaii, from NWS, PTWC, JTWC
TTT/TWATCH auto-triggered. Tsunami Travel Time map auto-posted to PDC Website, emailed to subscribers
Tsunami Bulletins from PTWC & ATWC
Triggered by Tsunami Bulletins to generate earthquake map and tsunami travel time contour map.
Extracts data from message
Automated paging to selected pagers
Automatic parsing of bulletins to transmit selected textual information to pagers / text-capable cell phones. Paging criteria: Hawaii earthquakes = 5.5, Alaska = 7.0, Distant = 7.5
1. Media receive the bulletins at same time rest of us do.
2. Media will call anyone and everyone for statements not only for updates but to fill time.
3. They especially want to know definitions of a watch and a warning. They may want soundbites.
4. In Hawaii, most of the tsunami experts are either state or county advisors, meaning they are on duty at EOC and not available to respond to media calls.
5. PTWC telephone lines all busy. Recording is not automatically updated and often has old information. Watchstanders not available to respond to media calls.
6. Public Affairs Officers, ITIC librarian, and WCM become main spokespersons - Busy answering phone calls, not only from local media, but from national and international media.
7. Media webpage needs to be another source of ref info.
1. Need to anticipate questions & develop talking points scripts for commonly asked questions
2. Need robust hotline out of PTWC so they can provide updates to PRH, HFO, others (phone, pagers)
3. Need way to update the phone recordings (PTWC, ITIC, PRH) automatically or in real time
4. Need to be prepared to answer questions about both PTWC and WC/ATWC operations as well as impacts along the west coast AND Hawaii/Pacific region
5. Need to better manage media, consider creating a press pool (at the EOC, television station, HFO)
SCD TTRC/HSEAC, PDC, ITIC
Multi-Hazard, incl terrorism
Facilitate gathering, immediate post-event data sharing
Electronic data archiving and
access to secure server
Director Civil Defense
and Agencies (19)
Federal Response Plan
12 Emergency Support Functions
Coast Guard Liaison
Corps of Engineers
Civil Air Patrol Liaison
Fed Coordinating Officer
State Liaison Officer
State Coordinating Officer
Field Response Elements