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NDMO Case Study: HAWAII, USA EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TSUNAMI PREPAREDNESS. IOC Expert Missions May-August, 2005. Hawaii Hazard and Risk Analysis. Low Risk. High Risk. Hazards. 0. 2. 4. 6. 8. 10. Hurricane Flash Flood Tsunami Earthquake Volcano

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IOC Expert Missions May-August, 2005

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Ioc expert missions may august 2005

NDMO Case Study:HAWAII, USAEMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TSUNAMI PREPAREDNESS

IOC Expert Missions

May-August, 2005


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Hawaii Hazard and Risk Analysis

Low Risk

High Risk

Hazards

0

2

4

6

8

10

Hurricane

Flash Flood

Tsunami

Earthquake

Volcano

Subsidence/Landslide

Urban Fire

Power Failure

Wild Fire

HAZMAT(trans & oil spill)

Drought

Aircraft Incident

HAZMAT(fixed)

Tornado

Dam Failure

Radiologic(incl Marine)

Civil Disorder

Sharks

Risk Ranking includes likelihood and effect on population and property


Major natural disaster fatalities in hawaii during the 20 th century

Major Natural Disaster Fatalities in Hawaii during the 20th Century

  • 13 Pacific-wide tsunamis hit the Hawaiian Islands.

  • The three most destructive tsunamis caused a combined total of 222 deaths and hundreds of injuries:

    • April 1, 1946 (Aleutian Islands)

    • May 23, 1960 (Chile)

    • November 29, 1975 (Kalapana)


Maximum run ups in hawaii from 13 pacific wide tsunamis

Maximum Run-ups in Hawaii from 13 Pacific-wide Tsunamis

“RUNUP” = Coastal wave heights above mean sea level, as measured by debris on shore.


Hilo april 1946

Hilo, April 1946


Hilo may 1960

Hilo, May 1960


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Hawaii Civil Defense System

MISSION

  • Minimize loss of life and property

  • Provide for welfare & safety of citizens

  • Restore vital services

  • Provide for continuity of government

  • Manage resources for recovery

AUTHORITIES

  • Federal, State laws

  • Governor’s Directive to lead Emergency Response


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Pre-Event

Preparedness

Mitigation

Plans

Information

Training

Education

Resources

Insurance Coverage

Regulations

Codes

Legislation

Comprehensive

Emergency

Management

Response

Recovery

Funding

Loans

Grants

Assistance

Insurance

Alert

Notification

Law Enforcement

Fire/Rescue

Medical

Utilities

Post-Event


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Hawaii Civil Defense System

Federal Agencies

State Agencies

County Agencies

Private Supporting Agencies


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

INTERNATIONAL TSUNAMI HAZARD MITIGATION

WARNING CENTER OPERATORS

Pacific, Indian Ocean, Caribbean, Mediterranean Tsunami Warning Centers

GLOBAL

REGIONAL

NATIONAL

TSUNAMI SCIENTISTS

University and

Govt Researchers

EMERGENCY MANAGERS

Civil Defense

Local Authorities

Comprehensive Tsunami Risk Reduction

Stakeholders build Tsunami Resilient Community


Sense ing a tsunami

SENSE-ing a Tsunami

  • TOUCH

    • Strong local earthquakes may cause tsunamis.

    • FEELthe ground shaking severely? Evacuate low-lying coastal areas and move inland to higher ground!

  • SIGHT

    • As a tsunami approaches shorelines, water may recede from the coast, exposing the ocean floor and reefs.

    • SEEan unusual disappearance of water? Evacuate low-lying coastal areas and move inland to higher ground!

  • SOUND

    • The abnormal ocean activity, a wall of water, and approaching tsunami waves create a loud “roaring” sound similar to that of a train or jet aircraft.

    • HEARthe roar? Evacuate low-lying coastal areas and move inland to higher ground!


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Emergency Communications

Sirens Emergency Alert System

Radios

Telephones/Hotlines

Wire

Data Systems

Satellite


Statewide siren warning system multi hazard

Statewide Siren Warning System (multi-hazard)


Statewide siren warning system

Statewide Siren Warning System

  • 356 total sirens Statewide:

    • Kauai47

    • Oahu176

    • Maui66

    • Big Island67

  • All sirens are radio controlled.

  • New sirens are solar powered.


How it works emergency alert system eas

How it Works(Emergency Alert System, EAS):

BROADCASTERS

Audio & Crawlers

Audio

Activated by: National Weather Service State Civil Defense County Civil Defense

EAS Audio & Alarm


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Emergency Alert System (EAS) SCD EOC (located in Diamond Head crater) initiates public message, which transmits immediately by dedicated microwave link to designated, pre-arranged radio stations on neighbor islands for broadcast; TV broadcasts (crawlers) originate from Honolulu


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Telephones

Governor

NAWAS

HAWAS

SWP/HPD

OCDA EOC

National Guard

Hotlines

CINCPAC

USARPAC/AUTOVON

Secure Phone(STU III)

Facsimile

Satelllite System

60-Channel Recorder (radio & wire)

Computer Notifier System

After-Hours Coverage

Emergency Communications

- Systems tested weekly


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Emergency Management Data Systems

STATE EOC

Six Servers (Including Backup)

SUN Sparc Stations (email & web site)

Micron NT Servers (Office automation)

FIBER OPTIC

CONNECTIVITY

Maui PDC

Statewide

Nationwide

STATE DIGITAL

MICROWAVE

wide area network

PC’s-Oahu,Kauai,

Maui,Hawaii EOC’s

LOCAL AREA NETWORK

Workstations, Printers,

Scanners, CD Rom Tower

SATELLITE BACKUP,

WIRELESS LINKS

Connecting County EOC’s


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Interisland Data System

Electronic Bridge

State Civil Defense

National Weather Service

Pacific Tsunami Warning Center

County Civil Defense Agencies -

Kauai, Maui, Hawaii

Oahu Civil Defense Agency

EOC

County Warning Pts (police)

National Weather Service

EOC

State Warning Pt (police)

System includes NWS satellite data & weatherfax; Network tested daily


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

DISTANT THREAT: Aleutian Generated Tsunami

4 Hours and 20 Min Travel Time

First Impact: Port Allen, Kauai (northwest island)


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

DISTANT THREAT:Chilean Generated Tsunami

13 Hours and 36 Min Travel Time

First impact: Hilo, Hawaii (southeast island)


Distant tsunami warning evacuation

Distant TsunamiWarning & Evacuation

  • PTWC issues Tsunami Watch and Warning Bulletins to the State of Hawaii for distant earthquakes magnitude 7.9 or greater.

  • Emergency Operation Centers (EOC) activate and alert emergency response agencies.

  • EOC coordinate siren sounding statewide at least 3 hours before 1st wave arrival in conjunction with radio and television Emergency Alert System (EAS) broadcasts.

  • EOC coordinate school closures and release of government workforce within tsunami evacuation zones.

  • EOC prepare for disaster response operations.


Tsunami evacuation maps located in the front of telephone white pages

Tsunami Evacuation Mapslocated in the front of Telephone White Pages


Oahu bus routes roadblocks

Oahu Bus Routes & Roadblocks

  • City buses along the shoreline will alter their routes and shuttle people to the nearest inland shelter.

  • Policewillestablish roadblocks 45 minutes prior to first wave arrival.

  • All emergencyresponse personnelwillcease operations and move inland to safety 30 minutes prior to first wave arrival.

  • Special concern in Hawaii is education of surfers – tsunamis are not surfing waves!


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Local Tsunami Threat:30 minutes to Waikiki, Oahu


Local tsunami warning evacuation

Local TsunamiWarning & Evacuation

  • PTWC issues an urgent tsunami warning for local earthquakes magnitude 6.9 or greater.

  • County Warning Points sound sirens in designated Counties (e.g. Hawaii and Maui Counties).

  • National Weather Service broadcasts warning and evacuation through the EAS.

  • EOC activate and prepare for disaster response operations.


Public safety notification all clear

Public Safety Notification“ALL CLEAR”

  • PTWC will cancel the tsunami warning when destructive waves have ceased.

  • Search & Rescue operations commence.

  • County Civil Defense agencies announce “All Clear” over radio and television. No sirens will sound.

  • Public may return to coastlines after “All Clear” is announced.


Emergency preparedness conducting exercises hawaii distant tsunami exercise

EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS: Conducting ExercisesHAWAII DISTANT TSUNAMI EXERCISE

April 1, 2005


Purpose

PURPOSE

  • The statewide distant tsunami exercise will focus on Hawaii’s ability to respond to a distant tsunami from the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.

  • The exercise provides an opportunity for participants to review their distant tsunami response procedures and to promote emergency preparedness.

  • The exercise is planned by SCD with PTWC, who plays by issuing prescripted voice messages on the HAWAS and sending other electronic and hard copy messages.


Exercise objectives

EXERCISE OBJECTIVES

  • Validate:

    • Warning and Communications Procedures for a distant generated tsunami.

    • Organizational Emergency Procedures.

  • Review:

    • Organization Procedures for Evacuation:

      • Inland Evacuations

      • Vertical Evacuations

      • Public Transportation

  • Kick off “April Tsunami Awareness Month” Public Awareness Campaign.


Participants all stakeholders

PARTICIPANTS – all stakeholders

  • COUNTY: OCDA , MCDA, KCDA, HCDA & CWPs

  • STATE: SCD, HING, DOE, DHRD, DBEDT,

    SLEC, DOT

  • FEDERAL: PTWC, NWS, ITIC, USCG, JTF-HD, FEMA, Fed Exec Board

  • OTHER: ARC, HTA, HHSA, HSVOAD, PDC, CAP,

    HEI, Pacific Tsunami Museum, RACES,

    Private Industry


Exercise scenario

EXERCISE SCENARIO

10:15 a.m. An earthquake greater than 8.0 magnitude occurs in the vicinity of the Alaska Aleutian Islands.

10:25 a.m. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) issues a Tsunami Watch Bulletin for the State of Hawaii. First wave arrival to Hawaii is 4 hrs 30 mins after earthquake origin time.

11:45 a.m. Hawaii placed in a Tsunami Warning (3 hours before first wave arrival at 2:45 p.m.) Statewide siren sounding (monthly Siren System test).

2:45 p.m. First wave arrival.

3:30 p.m. End of Exercise.


Exercise planning dates

Exercise Planning Dates

  • Feb 23 Exercise Mtg (8:30 a.m.) at Radisson Prince Kuhio Hotel

  • Mar 29 Media Press Conference

  • Apr 1 Siren Sounding

    Statewide Tsunami Exercise

    For more info,

    contact Hawaii State Civil Defense


Policy and planning design guidance

POLICY AND PLANNINGDesign Guidance

http://www.tsunamiwave.info/library/pubs/preparedness/preparedness.html


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

EXAMPLE, HAWAII:

STAKEHOLDER COORDINATION MECHANISM

IMPLEMENTATION, POLICY, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND MEDIA, OUTREACH, EDUCATION


Hawaii tsunami technical review committee ttrc

HAWAII TSUNAMI TECHNICALREVIEW COMMITTEE (TTRC)

  • Reduce risk of tsunamis to State of HawaiiFounded 1998, meets 2x/year Funded by State & NOAA(NTHMP)

  • Scientists, engineers, planners, Emergency managers, public affairs personnel

    NOAA, FEMA, USACE, USCG, DOD, FEB, Univ. Hawai`i, Pacific Disaster Center, Red Cross, Pacific Tsunami Museum,State & Local Agencies (DOE, DBEDT, DOT, DLNR, CZM, Warning Points, Civil Defense, Tsunami advisors)


Hawaii ttrc

HAWAII TTRC

  • Activities

    Hazard ID, Risk Assessment, Warning Guidance Awareness and Mitigation

  • Recent TTRC Agenda Topics

  • PTWC Operations Report

  • Runup and Inundation Modelling – Evacuation Maps

  • Tsunami Observer Program, Post-Tsunami Survey Plan

  • Multi-Level Regional Warning and Coastal Evacuation

  • Statewide Exercise - Local Tsunami

  • Public Affairs Working Group Activities (Awareness Month)

  • Event Response, “Expert” Contact List, Press Pool, Web

  • Social Science Perspectives on Tsunami Warnings

  • Maritime operations during tsunami events –

  • Ocean Currents in Harbors, Shipping ports, boating safety

  • Civil Air Patrol Capabilities

  • Working Groups: Emergency Mgmt, Scientific , Public Affairs


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Public Affairs Working GroupHawaii TTRCNOAA, SCD, C&C Honolulu Public Affairs OfficersITIC, Pacific Tsunami Museum, Tsunami Survivor


1986 1994 tsunami warnings media reports

1986, 1994 Tsunami WarningsMedia Reports

  • Pacific -wide Tsunami Warnings Issued Sirens sounded, Statewide evacuations Small, non-destructive tsunamis

  • 1986 - mid-afternoon to pm rush hour 1994 - early morning to am rush hour

  • Losses 1994 (DBEDT Study) => $50M 1986 (extrapolated) => $30M 2003 (extrapolated) => $68M

  • Media reports shape public opinion


Hawaii tsunami awareness month organized by hawaii ttrc pawg

Hawaii Tsunami Awareness Month(Organized by Hawaii TTRC PAWG)

  • TAM Proclamations by Governor

  • Recognition of Tsunami Survivors by Governor, State Legislature

  • Statewide Tsunami Exercise, April 1st


Hawaii tsunami awareness month activities targeting specific groups

Hawaii Tsunami Awareness MonthActivities Targeting Specific Groups

  • Schools

    • Evacuation Drills

    • Science and Preparedness education (safety materials, Kid Science educational videos)

  • Tourists

    • Safety ads - Waikiki Beach Press free newspaper

    • Workshop for Hotel Association, Labor Union and Hotel Security Reps

  • Minorities

    • Safety ads - minority publications


Hawaii tsunami awareness month distribution of calendar of events

Hawaii Tsunami Awareness MonthDistribution of Calendar of Events

  • Briefings of Legislature

  • Media Workshop (tsunamis, warning procedures)

  • Public Events/Displays - tsunami awareness

  • Talks at Public Libraries

  • Hawaii Public Television Kid Science Show (3 programs on tsunamis/1 hour each)

  • Appearances on Radio Talk Shows

  • Special Displays/Tours at Pacific Tsunami Museum

  • Public Service Announcements (text not video)

  • Public Open House at PTWC (Fri/Sat in April)


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

Any Questions?

Prepared by:

Brian S. Yanagi

Hawaii State Civil Defense ,Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcano Programs, [email protected]

For further information, contact:

Laura Kong

Director, International Tsunam Information Centre

[email protected], [email protected]


Waialua oahu march 1957

Waialua, Oahu March 1957


Hilo april 19461

Hilo, April 1946

Hatada Bakery on top a Boxcar


Hilo may 19601

Hilo, May 1960


Example hawaii tsunami awareness month 2004

EXAMPLE: Hawaii TsunamiAwareness Month 2004


Tsunami awareness month 2004 upcoming events

Tsunami Awareness Month 2004Upcoming Events

March 28Annual Shinmachi Reunion Potluck, Wailoa State Park,Big Island

March 29Workshop for Hotel Security Assn., Media, “Tsunami! Mother Nature’s Weapon of Mass Destruction”, Neal Blaisdell Center, 2 sessions

March 30/April 1Public Access TV, Channel 52, Special on Tsunami Awareness, Donna Saiki, Director Pacific Tsunami Museum, Hilo


Tsunami awareness month 2004

Tsunami Awareness Month 2004

April 1Statewide

Urgent Local

Tsunami

Exercise 11:15 a.m. – 12:15 p.m.

April 2Memorial Program for Laupahoehoe School and Community, Big Island, “Memories Behind Us, Friends Beside Us & Dreams Before Us”

April 3, 17Shinmachi Saturday at the Pacific Tsunami Museum, Hilo, Free admission to anyone who can trace their family to a Shinmachi history


Tsunami awareness month 20041

Tsunami Awareness Month 2004

April 4Tsunami Information Booth at E Malama I Ke Kai Ocean Awareness Festival, Bishop Museum, Honolulu

April 10Fundraiser Dinner for Pacific Tsunami Museum, Waikiki Yacht Club, Honolulu

April 2216th Annual Earth Day Fair and Environmental EducationForum, Hilo

May 232nd Annual Tsunami Story Festival tocommemorate 1960 Chilean tsunami, sponsored by Pacific Tsunami Museum, Sangha Hall, Hilo.


Hawaii tsunami awareness month new tools developed

Hawaii Tsunami Awareness MonthNew Tools Developed

  • Tsunami Webpage for Media (www.prh.noaa.gov/itic/media)

  • Publications

    Educational video

  • Educational giveaways

    (bookmarks, magnets,

    luggage tags, highlighters)

  • Public Service Announcements (text not video)

  • Educational Curriculum (in the works)


Messages promoted by pawg tsunami safety preparedness

Messages Promoted by PAWGTsunami Safety & Preparedness

1. If you are near the coast & feel the earth shake so hard you cannot stand up, move immediately inland and to higher ground. Ground shaking means that an earthquake has occurred and a tsunami may follow.

2. Know in advance whether or not you live in an evacuation area. Evacuation maps and shelter locations are found in the front of the Hawaii telephone book white pages.

3. Develop a family emergency plan and decide where you will meet if separated, how you will stay in contact, where you will seek shelter, and what you will take if you must evacuate.

4. Be prepared with food, water, and supplies to last for 3 days or until the “all clear” is announced.


Other tsunami efforts

OTHER TSUNAMI EFFORTS

  • State, County Tsunami Advisors (TA)

    Science liaison to Emergency Managers during alarms

    On-call 24x7 with pagers

  • Tsunami Alert System - PDC, SCD, ITIC

    PTWC-triggered alert for

    Emergency Managers,

    Tsunami Advisors

    Auto tsunami info paging,

    web archiving/display,

    travel time calculation


Ioc expert missions may august 2005

TSUNAMI ALERT and NOTIFICATION

20 Latest Msgs posted to PDC Website

In Hawaii, from NWS, PTWC, JTWC

TTT/TWATCH auto-triggered. Tsunami Travel Time map auto-posted to PDC Website, emailed to subscribers

Tsunami Bulletins from PTWC & ATWC

Message Preprocessor

Triggered by Tsunami Bulletins to generate earthquake map and tsunami travel time contour map.

Extracts data from message

Automated paging to selected pagers

Automatic parsing of bulletins to transmit selected textual information to pagers / text-capable cell phones. Paging criteria: Hawaii earthquakes = 5.5, Alaska = 7.0, Distant  = 7.5


A real tsunami event what happens

A Real Tsunami Event - what happens

1. Media receive the bulletins at same time rest of us do.

2. Media will call anyone and everyone for statements not only for updates but to fill time.

3. They especially want to know definitions of a watch and a warning. They may want soundbites.

4. In Hawaii, most of the tsunami experts are either state or county advisors, meaning they are on duty at EOC and not available to respond to media calls.

5. PTWC telephone lines all busy. Recording is not automatically updated and often has old information. Watchstanders not available to respond to media calls.

6. Public Affairs Officers, ITIC librarian, and WCM become main spokespersons - Busy answering phone calls, not only from local media, but from national and international media.

7. Media webpage needs to be another source of ref info.


Lessons learned 25 sept 2003 hokkaido

Lessons Learned25 Sept 2003, Hokkaido

1. Need to anticipate questions & develop talking points scripts for commonly asked questions

2. Need robust hotline out of PTWC so they can provide updates to PRH, HFO, others (phone, pagers)

3. Need way to update the phone recordings (PTWC, ITIC, PRH) automatically or in real time

4. Need to be prepared to answer questions about both PTWC and WC/ATWC operations as well as impacts along the west coast AND Hawaii/Pacific region

5. Need to better manage media, consider creating a press pool (at the EOC, television station, HFO)


Other tsunami efforts1

OTHER TSUNAMI EFFORTS

  • Post-Tsunami Scientific Survey Plan

  • Immediate local response to collect perishable data

  • Post-Disaster Technical Clearinghouse -

    SCD TTRC/HSEAC, PDC, ITIC

    Multi-Hazard, incl terrorism

    Facilitate gathering, immediate post-event data sharing

    Electronic data archiving and

    access to secure server


  • Ioc expert missions may august 2005

    MAJOR DISASTER

    Coordination Process

    FEMA National

    Governor

    Director Civil Defense

    Command Group

    State Departments

    and Agencies (19)

    Federal Response Plan

    12 Emergency Support Functions

    Red Cross

    FEMA

    SBA

    National Guard

    USARPAC Liaison

    Coast Guard Liaison

    Corps of Engineers

    Civil Air Patrol Liaison

    VOAD Liaison

    Salvation Army

    FEMA DFO

    Fed Coordinating Officer

    State Liaison Officer

    State EOC

    State Coordinating Officer

    County EOC

    Deputy Director

    Field Response Elements


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