The 4 key business functions
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The 4 key Business Functions. An in depth look! . Whether it’s BIG Business or Small Business…. Marketing.

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The 4 key Business Functions

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The 4 key business functions

The 4 key Business Functions

An in depth look!


The 4 key business functions

Whether it’s BIG Business or Small Business…..


Marketing

Marketing

Marketing is the process of planning and executing the conception, pricing, promotion and distribution of ideas, goods and services to create exchanges that satisfy individual and organisational objectives

Source: American Marketing Association

More simply……….

Marketing is a total system of interacting activities designed to plan, price, promote and distribute products to present and potential customers.


Marketing1

Marketing

  • At the heart…the most fundamental question all businesses should ask is

  • “What do customers want to buy – now and in the future? – this is the essence of marketing

  • Finding out what the customers want then attempting to satisfy their needs

  • Successful marketing involves bringing the buyer and seller together and making a sale.


Marketing and small business

Marketing and Small Business

  • Some small businesses dislike marketing and turn away customers others assume their product will sell automatically.

  • They place ads in local newspapers, display the name on cars and even advertise on a regional radio or TV station. However this in only ONE part of marketing.

  • Small business often view marketing and marketing campaigns as something only BIG businesses do.


Role of marketing

Role of Marketing

  • It is a way of thinking.

  • Everything should be directed at putting the customer at the centre of its thinking.

  • As competition intensifies….businesses need to view their business in terms of the needs and wants of their customers


A customer oriented business is the following

A customer oriented business is the following……


Leads to the marketing concept

Leads to the marketing concept

  • The marketing concept is a philosophy

  • All sections of the business are involved in satisfying a customer’s needs and wants while achieving the business’s goals.


Who is the customer

Who is the customer?

  • Businesses cannot afford to market their products to ALL consumers or ALL businesses in Australia.

  • Also, few businesses would want to do this because it is a very rare product that is suitable to all consumers.

  • COKE is an example. It now offers a range of carbonated soft drinks based on its original cola - Coke Zero, Diet Coke, as well as non Cola drinks - Pump water, Powerade, and Fruitbox juice drinks.

  • Businesses MUST select specific target markets


There are 3 approaches in identifying the target market

There are 3 approaches in identifying the target market


Provide a definition and an example for each see text pgs 220 223

Provide a definition and an example for each (see text pgs 220-223)

  • Mass Market

  • Market Segmentation

  • Niche Market


The marketing plan and strategy

The marketing plan and strategy

  • The marketing plan should outline the marketing goals (the what) of the business

  • A business needs to develop marketing strategies (the how) to achieve the goals

  • Marketing strategies are actions undertaken to achieve the business’s marketing goals


The marketing mix 4 p s

The marketing mix – 4 P’s

  • To develop a marketing strategy you need to examine the elements of the marketing mix

  • The marketing mix refers to the combination of the 4P’s - product, price, promotion and place (distribution)

  • Businesses can achieve the marketing goals of the business through the marketing mix


The 4 ps of the marketing mix

The 4 Ps’ of the marketing mix

The business has control over these elements and uses them to reach its target market


Activity business as usual idea

Activity: Business As Usual Idea

  • Using your original business idea e.g Rivas Sandwiches:

    Define your target market. Refer pg. 219-222 to define WHO is your target market.

    • Write 1-2 sentences describing WHO they are e.g White Collar workers aged 18-39 years seeking a healthy yet affordable lunch package. This is known as the demographic

    • Then provide some insight into them such as a bit about their attitude and/or beliefs toward YOUR product or category. This is their psychographic profile.

    • Lastly, provide an image of your target market (use:google images or getty images) This helps illustrates/defines what they look like.


Activity what is your marketing mix

Activity: What is your Marketing Mix?

What is your product or service? Provide 3 features

What is your pricing strategy and why?

How do you distribute your product or service?

How would you best reach your target market?


Activity choosing the promotional mix

Activity: Choosing the Promotional Mix

  • As a small business (Business As Usual idea), now that you have defined your TARGET MARKET, choose a promotional medium that would reach them.

  • That is, how do you best reach your target market? Where would your product or service be highly noticed, how could you increase awareness of your product or service?

  • Promotional medium could be – outdoor advertising (bus shelter) , magazine ad, radio announcement, letterbox flyer etc

  • Prepare a ONE PAGE promotional piece of advertising for your business.

  • Include – what is your product and price (if required). Try to promote the features and benefits that you have to offer (vs. your competition), keeping your target market in mind

  • Be creative, colourful, and include images (eg. “food sells food”). STAND OUT.

  • Upload this to your teacher on Edmodo by end of lesson


Operations

Operations


Finance

Finance


Operations1

Operations


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