Cashew ancardia anacardiaceae occidentale
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Cashew Ancardia Anacardiaceae occidentale. Theresa Elder 04/17/13. Anacardiaceae occidentale. Related to American poison ivy and poison sumac as well as mango and pistachio Anacardium “upward heart” refers to fruit Other names Tupi acaju and Portuguese caju , marañon in Spanish.

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Cashew Ancardia Anacardiaceae occidentale

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Cashew AncardiaAnacardiaceaeoccidentale

Theresa Elder

04/17/13


Anacardiaceaeoccidentale

Related to American poison ivy and poison sumac as well as mango and pistachio

Anacardium “upward heart” refers to fruit

Other names Tupiacajuand Portuguese caju, marañonin Spanish


Morphology

  • Large evergreen tree 10-14m tall irregular shaped trunk

  • Flowers are in a panicle up to 26cm long, there are 5 acute slender petals mixed male, female, and both male and female

  • The actual fruit is the nut or drupe cashew seed, surrounded by a double shell, green turns red

  • Between shells is oil chemically related to urushiol

  • A second false fruit, pseudocarp, known as the cashew apple is developed from the swollen stem; yellow, orange or red 5-11cm long

  • The cashew apple is edible


Geography of Cultivation

  • Native to Northeast Brazil

  • 16thcentury Portuguese traders introduced to Goa, India as soil retainer

  • Spread to NE Asia, Africa, and near by islands

  • Also grown in coastal US states

  • Some areas cultivate apple while others


Features of cultivation

  • Grown in subtropical and tropical climates

  • Tolerates poor soil, drought, and salt air

  • Prefers high humidity

  • 3 years from planting to cultivation


Features of cultivation

Cashew nut (drupe)

Cashew apple

Fragile skin unsuitable to transport

Perishable: yeast and fungi species

Can be eaten raw

Fruit pressure steamed before being candied or made into juice, jams, chutneys, and alcohol due to tannins

  • Fruits picked by hand or fall together

  • Nuts are sun dried then roasted outdoors or in roasting cylinders

  • Inner shells broken by hand heated again to remove skin


Nutrition and medical uses 1cashew nut & tree

  • Common snack food and used Indian, Thai, Chinese, Mozambique and other country cuisine

  • Oil is topical antifungal, antiseptic. Kills worms

  • Ground seeds antivenom for snake bites

  • Cashew nutshell liquid treat tooth abscesses

  • Bark soaked or boiled as antidiarrheal

  • Gum used as varnish

  • Wood used in construction

  • 54% fats and oils

  • Rich in Anacardic acid

  • Rich in vitamin C and mineral salts treats premature aging


Nutrition and medical uses 2Cashew apple

  • 5x more vitamin C than orange

  • Digestive disorders

  • Fever reducer

  • Gargle for sore throat

  • In Brazil, relieve pains/ aches from neurasthenia & arthritis

  • Stimulates brain and memory

  • Said to increase resistance to venereal diseases

  • Enhanced fat oxidation during exercise and endurance performance

  • Tikuna: influenza, relieve warts, 3 antitumor compounds


Cajueiro de Pirangi

  • World’s largest cashew tree covers and area of 7,500 m² in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil


References

  • http://i262.photobucket.com/albums/ii108/7_Heads/Fruit%20Trees/Cashew_Nuts_fruit_1.jpg

  • http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cashew

  • http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/cashew_apple.html

  • http://cashewyjuice.com/english/aboutus.html

  • http://www.jissn.com/content/10/1/13/

  • http://www.phukethealthshop.com/2011/01/10/concentrated-cashew-apple-juice-thailand/

  • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/97939/cashew

  • http://belizeplants.blogspot.com/


References 2

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maior_cajueiro_do_mundo

  • http://www.natal-brazil.com/entertainment/cashew-tree.html

  • http://listsoplenty.com/blog/?p=10749

  • http://www.hobotraveler.com/2008-0041-Cashew-Nut.shtml

  • http://depositphotos.com/12692011/stock-photo-Cashew-nut-tree.html

  • http://www.treepicturesonline.com/cashew_tree_pictures.html

  • http://www.goquangphuc.com/en/product/cashew-wood.html

  • http://www.21food.com/products/raw-cashew-nut-377802.html


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