Cashew ancardia anacardiaceae occidentale
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Cashew Ancardia Anacardiaceae occidentale. Theresa Elder 04/17/13. Anacardiaceae occidentale. Related to American poison ivy and poison sumac as well as mango and pistachio Anacardium “upward heart” refers to fruit Other names Tupi acaju and Portuguese caju , marañon in Spanish.

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Cashew Ancardia Anacardiaceae occidentale

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Cashew ancardia anacardiaceae occidentale

Cashew AncardiaAnacardiaceaeoccidentale

Theresa Elder

04/17/13


Anacardiaceae occidentale

Anacardiaceaeoccidentale

Related to American poison ivy and poison sumac as well as mango and pistachio

Anacardium “upward heart” refers to fruit

Other names Tupiacajuand Portuguese caju, marañonin Spanish


Morphology

Morphology

  • Large evergreen tree 10-14m tall irregular shaped trunk

  • Flowers are in a panicle up to 26cm long, there are 5 acute slender petals mixed male, female, and both male and female

  • The actual fruit is the nut or drupe cashew seed, surrounded by a double shell, green turns red

  • Between shells is oil chemically related to urushiol

  • A second false fruit, pseudocarp, known as the cashew apple is developed from the swollen stem; yellow, orange or red 5-11cm long

  • The cashew apple is edible


Geography of cultivation

Geography of Cultivation

  • Native to Northeast Brazil

  • 16thcentury Portuguese traders introduced to Goa, India as soil retainer

  • Spread to NE Asia, Africa, and near by islands

  • Also grown in coastal US states

  • Some areas cultivate apple while others


Features of cultivation

Features of cultivation

  • Grown in subtropical and tropical climates

  • Tolerates poor soil, drought, and salt air

  • Prefers high humidity

  • 3 years from planting to cultivation


Features of cultivation1

Features of cultivation

Cashew nut (drupe)

Cashew apple

Fragile skin unsuitable to transport

Perishable: yeast and fungi species

Can be eaten raw

Fruit pressure steamed before being candied or made into juice, jams, chutneys, and alcohol due to tannins

  • Fruits picked by hand or fall together

  • Nuts are sun dried then roasted outdoors or in roasting cylinders

  • Inner shells broken by hand heated again to remove skin


Nutrition and medical uses 1 cashew nut tree

Nutrition and medical uses 1cashew nut & tree

  • Common snack food and used Indian, Thai, Chinese, Mozambique and other country cuisine

  • Oil is topical antifungal, antiseptic. Kills worms

  • Ground seeds antivenom for snake bites

  • Cashew nutshell liquid treat tooth abscesses

  • Bark soaked or boiled as antidiarrheal

  • Gum used as varnish

  • Wood used in construction

  • 54% fats and oils

  • Rich in Anacardic acid

  • Rich in vitamin C and mineral salts treats premature aging


Nutrition and medical uses 2 cashew apple

Nutrition and medical uses 2Cashew apple

  • 5x more vitamin C than orange

  • Digestive disorders

  • Fever reducer

  • Gargle for sore throat

  • In Brazil, relieve pains/ aches from neurasthenia & arthritis

  • Stimulates brain and memory

  • Said to increase resistance to venereal diseases

  • Enhanced fat oxidation during exercise and endurance performance

  • Tikuna: influenza, relieve warts, 3 antitumor compounds


Cajueiro de pirangi

Cajueiro de Pirangi

  • World’s largest cashew tree covers and area of 7,500 m² in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil


References

References

  • http://i262.photobucket.com/albums/ii108/7_Heads/Fruit%20Trees/Cashew_Nuts_fruit_1.jpg

  • http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cashew

  • http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/cashew_apple.html

  • http://cashewyjuice.com/english/aboutus.html

  • http://www.jissn.com/content/10/1/13/

  • http://www.phukethealthshop.com/2011/01/10/concentrated-cashew-apple-juice-thailand/

  • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/97939/cashew

  • http://belizeplants.blogspot.com/


References 2

References 2

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maior_cajueiro_do_mundo

  • http://www.natal-brazil.com/entertainment/cashew-tree.html

  • http://listsoplenty.com/blog/?p=10749

  • http://www.hobotraveler.com/2008-0041-Cashew-Nut.shtml

  • http://depositphotos.com/12692011/stock-photo-Cashew-nut-tree.html

  • http://www.treepicturesonline.com/cashew_tree_pictures.html

  • http://www.goquangphuc.com/en/product/cashew-wood.html

  • http://www.21food.com/products/raw-cashew-nut-377802.html


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