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Using APA Style in the Citing of Reference Sources: The Reference List. Sullivan University Library. Where do I find examples of APA style?. The manual that is used to describe APA style is the fifth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association .
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There are various types of information sources such as magazines, books, newspapers, and encyclopedias.
The APA style usually will follow a particular format for each of these publication types.
If a periodical (magazine or journal):
Author. (Date of publication). Title of article.
Title of Periodical, volume number, page
If a book:
Author. (Date of publication). Title of book.
Place of publication: Publisher.
All references in APA format should be double-spaced and in a hanging indent format.
Jones, T. M. (1999). I have a great life.
Los Angeles: McGraw-Hill.
The usual format of the author entry is:
Last name, [space] First initial of first name. [space] First initial of middle name (if available).
Here is an example of an author entry:
Franklin, W. J.
The names are listed in the order in which they appear. They are not listed in alphabetical order.
The ampersand symbol (&) for AND is used. The word AND is not spelled out.
The authors’ entry for co-authors named John Allen Smith and Bernard Ulysses Jones would look like this:
Smith, J. A., & Jones, B. U.
Please check the APA style manual for information about entries containing more than 2 authors.
If an author or editor is unknown, the book or article title should be listed first (before the date entry).
APA states that the first significant word of the title should be listed if the title is placed in the author’s position.
The publication year is listed in parentheses after the author entry for a book or scholarly journal.
If the publication is a popular (general magazine), the month (or month and day) are included.
The date of an article published in the Journal of Marketing in 1995 would be listed as:
(1995).This is a scholarly journal.
The date of an article in Time published on May 8, 2000 would appear as:
(2000, May 8).This is a popular magazine.
The title entry and other publication information appears after the date.
Periodical article information, the periodical title, the volume number, and page numbers appear after the date of publication.
Author. [space] (Date).[space]Article title. [space]Publication
Title, [space]volume number,[space] page number(s).
Example of a Scholarly Journal Article:
Mellers, B. A. (2000). Choice and the relative pleasure
of consequences. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 910-
Example of a Popular Magazine Article:
Kandel, E. R., & Squire, L. R. (2000, November
10). Nutrition: Vitamins and anti-aging. Time,
If a scholarly periodical is paginated by issue number, the issue number would appear in parentheses directly after the volume number.
Smith, J. A. (2003).Accounting in the future. Journal of
Accounting, 23(2), 23-45.
The book title, the place of publication, and publisher information appear after the date entry.
Author. [space] (Date). [space]Book title.[space] Place of Publication: [space] Publisher.
Jones, B. A. (2002). This amazing world. New York:
Wilson, J. A. (2003). Earth and the future. Lexington,
KY: University of Kentucky Book Press.
Web sites from the Internet or other online resources may sometimes be used in a paper.
Below is an example of what may be included in the citing of a World Wide Web site:
Last name of author, Initial of first name. Initial
of middle name. (Date). Title of web site.
Retrieved Date from the WWW, from web
The date specifies the date that the site was published on the Internet or the date of the last revision. If the date is unknown, use (n.d.).
Do not place a period after the web address.
This is the date that you retrieved the site from the WWW.
Below is an example of a web site citation:
Doe, J. E. (2000, January 2). Popular music of the
1990’s. Retrieved November 5, 2000, from
The first word of the title is capitalized.
The title is italicized.
If the author is unknown, begin the citation with the title of the web site.
Citing an article from an electronic database is very similar to citing an article found in a hard copy (print) resource.However, a retrieval statement must be added.
The format for an article found in an electronic database is: *
Author. (Date). Title of article. Title of Publication,
volume number, page numbers.
Retrieved Date, from Database.
*NOTE: An issue number would be included for an article from a scholarly journal that is paginated by issue.
Jones, J. S. (1999, July 9). Forecasting the future.
Forecast Magazine,56, 45-56. Retrieved April
23, 2003, from ProQuest database.
Jenkins, K. (2003). Future of plastics. Journal of
Business Education, 76(3), 89-100. Retrieved
March 23, 2003, from Business Source Premier,
an EBSCOhost database.
This was just a short introduction.
Other types of sources, such as newspapers and pamphlets are formatted differently. An editor may need to be included in a reference citation.
Please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and your instructor for specific information.