The new russia independent republics
Download
1 / 24

The New Russia Independent Republics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 360 Views
  • Updated On :

The New Russia & Independent Republics. Chapter 9. From Communism to Free Enterprise. Chapter 9 Section 1. Becoming a Free Market Economy. After the collapse of Communism, Russia moved toward a free market economy

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The New Russia Independent Republics' - arleen


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


Becoming a free market economy l.jpg
Becoming a Free Market Economy

  • After the collapse of Communism, Russia moved toward a free market economy

    Free Market Economy: People, rather than government, decide what goods and services to produce, how to produce, & who will buy them


I russia s economic regions l.jpg
I. Russia’s Economic Regions

  • Moscow

    • Political & cultural center

    • Shift from heavy to light industry (ex. Clothing, electronics)

  • Port Cities: Kaliningrad & St. Petersburg

    • Kaliningrad-only port that stays ice-free year-round

    • Other port cities: Murmansk, Vladivostok

  • Siberia

    • Largest mineral supply in Russia

    • Hard to tap into resources because of harsh climate

  • Volga River/Urals

    • Volga carries almost ½ of Russia’s river traffic

    • Russia’s most productive farmland

    • Ural Mountains rich in minerals


Ii environmental issues l.jpg
II. Environmental Issues

  • Although Russians are moving toward a free market economy, they must balance making profit with protecting the environment

    • Nuclear Power Plants are in decay; leads to nuclear waste

    • Air Pollution from factories led to lower life expectancy

    • Water Pollution from poor sewer system, chemical weapons plants (from Cold War) & other sources


Russia s people culture l.jpg

Russia’s People & Culture

Chapter 9

Section 2


I politics l.jpg
I. Politics

  • Russia is a democracy

    • Democracy: people elect their leaders

  • Russia is a federal republic

    • Federal Republic: power divided between national & state government with president

  • Democracy is dramatically different from Communism:

    • Leaders must follow same laws as regular people

    • Leaders must accept criticism from people


Ii ethnic challenges l.jpg
II. Ethnic Challenges

  • Majority Group: Russians, descendants of Slavs, are largest group

  • Minority Group: 100 ethnic groups

    *Majority group controls more wealth & power.



Slide10 l.jpg

Chechnya, has experienced fighting over the years because the Chechen people want to form their own country.


Iii daily life l.jpg
III. Daily Life the Chechen people want to form their own country.

  • Urban (city areas) are large & modern

  • Development of suburbs as people move outside city limits

  • 70% of population is Russian Orthodox

    • Other religions: Muslims, Roman Catholic, etc.


Slide12 l.jpg


Iv russian literature music l.jpg
IV. Russian Literature & Music the Chechen people want to form their own country.

  • Stories passed down orally: skazki

  • War & Peace by Leo Tolstoy describes Russia’s defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte & France

  • Peter Tchaikovsky composed The Nutcracker ballet & 1812 Overture which also describes Russia’s defeat of France



The republics emerge l.jpg

The Republics Emerge art work from around the world.

Chapter 9

Section 3


I geography l.jpg
I. Geography art work from around the world.

  • Located south of Russia

  • Republics of Central Asia

    • East of Caspian Sea

    • Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan

  • Republics of the Caucasus

    • Located between Caspian Sea and Black Sea

    • Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia


Slide17 l.jpg

Republics of the Caucasus art work from around the world.


Ii republics of the caucasus l.jpg
II. Republics of the Caucasus art work from around the world.

  • Armenia

    • First country to make Christianity official religion (ca. 300 AD)

    • Capital, Yerevan, is one of world’s oldest (founded in 782 BC)

    • Armenia was controlled by many different nations, including the Ottoman Empire, who limited their freedoms & mistreated their people. During WWI, millions were deported by the OE, where historians estimate 600,000-1 million died of starvation. *This was the first genocide of the 20th century, though the Turks deny that it ever happened.


Slide20 l.jpg

  • Azerbaijan art work from around the world.

    • Split in half by Armenia

    • Majority are Muslims, which has caused conflicts with Armenian Christians

    • Authoritarian government is corrupt


Slide21 l.jpg

  • Georgia art work from around the world.

    • Known for resorts located along the Black Sea

    • Has had conflicts with Russia after gaining independence because Russia has recognized claims of independence (as of 2008) of two regions below


Slide22 l.jpg

Resorts in Georgia along coast of Black Sea art work from around the world.


Slide23 l.jpg

Central Asian Republics art work from around the world.


Iii central asian republics l.jpg
III. Central Asian Republics art work from around the world.

  • Central Asian Republics have become of interest to the rest of the world because of their vast natural resources

  • Known for limiting citizens’ basic freedoms & violations of human rights are common

  • All five countries are Muslim

  • Kazakhstan

    • Largest of the former Soviet republics

    • Large amounts of natural resources & most stable of all republics

  • Uzbekistan

    • Most live in fertile valleys & oases

    • World’s largest cotton producer (child labor used to harvest in many places)

  • Turkmenistan

    • World’s largest reserves of natural gas

  • Kyrgyzstan

  • Tajikistan


ad