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Roma and equal Access to Education From segregation to integrated schooling. Brussels, 28-29 April 2006. www.gitanos.org. Content. The Fundación Secretariado Gitano (FSG) Spain’s Education System Education and the Roma Community in Spain. The Fundación Secretariado Gitano.

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roma and equal access to education from segregation to integrated schooling

Roma and equal Access to EducationFrom segregation to integrated schooling

Brussels, 28-29 April 2006

www.gitanos.org

content
Content
  • The Fundación Secretariado Gitano (FSG)
  • Spain’s Education System
  • Education and the Roma Community in Spain
the fundaci n secretariado gitano
The Fundación Secretariado Gitano
  • Non-profit inter-cultural social organisation
  • Mission: the social advancement of the Roma community based on respect for cultural identity.
  • Activity:
    • Provision of services to the Roma community
    • Training, counselling, awareness-heightening
the fundaci n secretariado gitano4
The Fundación Secretariado Gitano
  • Direct beneficiaries of our actions (2005): 70,000
  • Work centres throughout Spain: 60
the fundaci n secretariado gitano5
The Fundación Secretariado Gitano
  • Workers: over 728 (2005)
the fundaci n secretariado gitano6
The Fundación Secretariado Gitano
  • International cooperation: 14 countries.
spain s education system
Spain´s Education System
  • Integrated schooling.
  • Education: two types of teaching:
      • General Education: basic voluntary and compulsory Education.
      • Specialised Education: Artistic Education, Language Education, Education leading to the Sport Technician Certificate.
  • Adult Education: basic education for adults and vocational training.
characteristics of educational system
Characteristics of Educational System
  • Integrated schooling
  • Compulsory Education: free of charge
  • Grants to defray student expenses: meals, transport, books, school material.
  • University scholarships.
  • Specific compensatory programmes(temporary measures)
  • Teacher´s training
  • Programmes targeting NGOs and other organisations.
slide9

UNIVERSITY

Advanced Training Cycles

BACHILLERATO

Ages: 16-18

Academic years: 2

Intermediate Training Cycles

EMPLOYMENT

COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION

(E.S.O)

Ages: 12- 16.

Professional Initiation Programs

Age: 16

* 2 academic years

PRIMARY EDUCATION

Ages: 6-11

A.C.E.S*

(Aulas de Compensación Educativa)

Age: 15

PRE-SCHOOL (INFANT EDUCATION)

Ages: from 0 to 5

the roma community in spain
The Roma Community in Spain
  • Sedentary
  • Approximately: 650,000
  • 40% under the age of 16
  • 45% reside in the south of Spain (Andalusia)
  • Heterogeneity and diversity
  • Identity based on a common origin and tradition, shared beliefs, values, philosophy of life and a yearning to be recognised as Roma
  • Fewer than 30 years: access to housing local plans
  • High percentage characterised by deficiencies in areas: education, housing, health care, fostering of their culture and identity.
education and the roma community
Education and the Roma Community
  • Level of schooling of Roma Community below that of other social groups.
  • Illiteracy: higher in the case of women.
  • Repercussions: fail to take advantage of opportunities.
  • Enrolment of Roma children: fruit of efforts. They are reaching levels of education superior to those of their parents.
  • Small group going to finish high school and university (250 at university).
education and the roma community12
Education and the Roma Community
  • Difficulties:
      • Irregular attendance
      • Problems in conforming to certain routines at school.
      • Come to class without necessary school material.
      • Relations between families and schools are insufficient.
      • Absenteism at the age of 12-13, especially the girls.
education and the roma community13
Education and the Roma Community
  • Causes:
    • A large number of families fails to give the same importance to schooling.
    • Expectations: “Knowing how to read and write is quite enough”.
    • Educational is basically the responsibility of the family.
    • They feel that the school will fail to teach their children Roma values.
    • The school represents a cultural majority and a type of society that makes it difficult for ethnic minorities.
education and the roma community14
Education and the Roma Community
  • Degree of educational mainstreaming of the Roma population in Spain (Nation-wide study 2000-2001)
education and the roma community15

200

60.7 %

175

150

125

Number of students

56.3 %

100

75

39.3%

50 %

50

43.7 %

36.6

50 %

25

63.4 %

0

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

119

58

31

15

men

77

45

31

26

women

Education and the Roma Community
  • Educational status of Roma students at Compulsory Secondary Education
roma population and employment
Roma population and employment
  • A comparative study (FSG 2006)
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