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What is Printmaking?. Printmaking is…. Process in which an artist repeatedly transfers an original image from one prepared surface to another. Paper is often the surface which the printed image is transferred. Wood block printing is the oldest form of printmaking. History of Printmaking.

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What is printmaking l.jpg

What isPrintmaking?


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Printmaking is…

  • Process in which an artist repeatedly transfers an original image from one prepared surface to another.

  • Paper is often the surface which the printed image is transferred.

  • Wood block printing is the oldest form of printmaking.


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History of Printmaking

  • Began as a way of communication. As early at 8th century in Japan.

  • 15th century printmaking began to be used as forms of art.

  • 19th century European artists began to produce lithographsin limited editions and to sign their prints.


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Printmaking Step 1

  • Creating the Plate

  • The artist usually draws the image onto the plate first.

    • A printing plate is the surface on which the image is created.

      • Produces a mirror image.

      • Letters will be backwards.


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Printmaking Step 2

  • Creating the image

    • Relief printing is cutting away the areas of the linoleum or wood block not meant to hold ink with a linoleum cutter.

    • Result, image to be printed is raised from the background.


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Printmaking Step 3

  • Inking the Plate

    • Artist applies ink to the plate with a brayer.

    • Brayer is a roller to apply ink to the plate.


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Printmaking Step 4

  • Transfer Image

    • Paper or other material is pressed against the inked plate.

    • Transferred by hand or press.


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Printmaking Step 5

  • Multiple prints created are called an Edition.


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Numbering and Signing

Each print is a single number followed by total number in the series.

2/8 is second print out of eight prints in all.

Print number / number in series in LEFT corner

Title in CENTER

Sign name in RIGHT corner


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Japanese Wood Block Print

The Great Wave at Kanagawa (from a Series of Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji), Edo period (1615–1868), ca. 1830–32Katsushika Hokusai (Japanese, 1760–1849)


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French Lithography

Toulouse-Lautrec . La Troupe de Mlle Eglantine 1896; Lithograph in threecolors.


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German Wood Block Print

Hermann Max Pechstein. KLÖHNENDE FISCHER Color woodcut. 1923.


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Linoleum Relief Print

Elizabeth Catlett. Sharecropper. 1970. Linoleum cut on paper. 17” x 16” (45.2 x 43 cm). The National Museum of America Art, Smithsonian Institution.


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Screen Printing

Andy Warhol. Marilyns.

Andy Warhol. Ingrid Bergman.


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German Expressionism

The Survivors was used for a peace congress in 1922 in The Hague, Holland. The text on the right says: Do not teach the children to glorify the war and war hero's. Teach them to despise war.

Käthe Kollwitz

The Survivors

German, 1923 Prints, LithographH: 23 1/8 in; W: 27 3/8 in


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German Expressionism

What evidence of the design principles do you see?

Do you see..

Variety?

Emphasis?

Proportion?

Contrast?

Unity?

Repetition?

Pattern?


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