Implementing Effective School Achievement Reform: Four Principles
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

Implementing Effective School Achievement Reform: Four Principles PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 79 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Implementing Effective School Achievement Reform: Four Principles. William G. Huitt Valdosta State University. School Reform. The last four decades has provided voluminous literature on how to increase the effectiveness of the education of children and youth.

Download Presentation

Implementing Effective School Achievement Reform: Four Principles

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Principles of school reform

Implementing Effective School Achievement Reform: Four Principles

William G. Huitt

Valdosta State University


Principles of school reform

School Reform

The last four decades has provided voluminous literature on how to increase the effectiveness of the education of children and youth.

Some of the findings have been implemented while others have not.

The purpose of the presentation is to summarize some of the main points.


Principles of school reform

School Reform

The four principles are:

  • WYMIWYG--What You Measure Is What You Get

  • Student achievement is the result of the efforts of more than just schools

  • Focus reform efforts on schools, not teachers

  • Provide incentives for value added


Principles of school reform

WYMIWYG

Most accepted measure is scores on standardized tests of basic skills

Gallup poll results over the past 25 years points to the public’s expectation that schools will impact achievement and character


Principles of school reform

WYMIWYG

SCANS report identifies additional competencies for work requirements in the 21st century

  • Foundations--basic skills, complex thinking skills, personal qualities

  • Competencies--resource and technology utilization, information acquisition and utilization, interpersonal skills, and understanding systems


Principles of school reform

WYMIWYG

Critique of SCANS report identifies additional requirements

  • Cognition--abstract thinking, global thinking, imagination, etc.

  • Affect--self-efficacy, optimism, courage, honesty, trustworthiness, etc.

  • Conative--self-regulation, ambitious, willingness to adapt to change, etc.


Principles of school reform

WYMIWYG

Many of the additional qualities and skills can be measure reliably and validly measured

Need to establish an accountability system that fills the information gap between schools and the public


Principles of school reform

More Than Just Schools

The ecology of development is an approach with over 20 years of research support

Four major contexts provide primary support for the development of children and youth

  • Family

  • School

  • Religious organizations

  • Community


Principles of school reform

More Than Just Schools


Principles of school reform

More Than Just Schools

Epstein (1995) identified six types of involvement

  • Parenting

  • Communicating

  • Volunteering

  • Learning at home

  • Decision-making

  • Collaborating with the community


Principles of school reform

Focus on Schools

There is ample evidence that teacher classroom behavior impacts student achievement

However, competent teachers are a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for student success

Schools must develop a “learning environment” that supports change for both educators and students


Principles of school reform

Focus on Schools

Four principles define schools as learning organizations

  • Purposeful and results-oriented

  • Create job -embedded opportunities for growth

  • Develop school culture receptive to change

  • Regard professional development as a continuous process, not an event


Principles of school reform

Value Added

Simply because scores are high does not mean schools are doing a good job

Conversely, when scores are low it does not necessarily mean schools are doing a bad job


Principles of school reform

Value Added

Students whose mothers graduate from high school generally score better than students who do not

Students living in homes with access to technology generally score better than students who do not


Principles of school reform

Value Added

Students who express a religious affiliation generally score better than students who do not

Students in suburban schools generally score higher than students in rural or urban areas

Students in wealthier socioeconomic areas generally score higher than students in poorer areas


Principles of school reform

Value Added

Develop a “balanced-scorecard” approach to managing change

Given

  • family characteristics and processes

  • connections to religious organizations

  • community location, size and support

How well are students doing on critical outcome measures?


Principles of school reform

Summary & Conclusions

Need to make use of the best data science has to offer

  • Specify goals and commit resources to measuring them on a systematic basis

  • Report results to public in a timely and meaningful manner

  • Goals must be broader than scores on a standardized test of basic skills


Principles of school reform

Summary & Conclusions

Need to make use of the best data science has to offer

  • Coordinate efforts with contributions made by home, religious organizations, and community

  • Focus effort on improving schools; teacher development should be done within that context

  • Hold schools accountable for adding value over and above that provided by other institutions


  • Login