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“Why didn’t you come sooner?”. Experience of working with sectors to raise their attention to environment in their budgets and plans. PEI Uganda. Context 1 Linkages between PRSP (PEAP) and Sectoral plans and budgets?.

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Why didn t you come sooner l.jpg

“Why didn’t you come sooner?”

Experience of working with sectors to raise their attention to environment in their budgets and plans.

PEI Uganda


Context 1 linkages between prsp peap and sectoral plans and budgets l.jpg

Context 1Linkages between PRSP (PEAP) and Sectoral plans and budgets?

  • Sector plans and budgets are for implementing the PEAP and reaching its goals.

  • The PEAP implementation is tied to the Budget process

  • Budget allocations respond to the challenges identified in the PEAP.

  • The PEAP re-affirms sector priorities as in their plans


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Context 1, continued: Linkages between PRSP (PEAP) and Sectoral plans and budgets,

  • PEAP identifies priority actions to achieve sector priorities.

  • The Sector Working Groups (SWGs) which recommend sector plans and budgets, work within the PEAP framework.

  • Sector plans and priorities feed into the PEAP and should be within the PEAP framework.

  • The PEAP secretariat works closely with the personnel in the sectoral planning units.


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Context 2.How well are the links made?

  • But, do not always, e.g. in the following circumstances:

    • Disasters, natural and man-made calamities.

    • Strategic priorities stated in BFPs

    • Emergency and extraordinary plans e.g. CHOGM event.

    • Politically motivated programmes e.g. Prosperity For All (Bonna Bagaggawale).

    • Failures in spending discipline;- sectoral priorities are ignored

Ideally, the

Sector

plans are

perfectly

linked to the

PRSP

(PEAP) and

the budgets.


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Context 3. Mechanisms for Harmonisation Between PRSP/PEAP and Sectoral plans

  • Annual budget call circulars, based on the PEAP, that guide the whole budgeting process.

  • Ministerial Policy Statements-linked to Sector BFPs.

  • Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF); a framework for medium-term(3-year) budget planning

    • MTEF Ceilings

  • The sectors contribute to preparing the PEAP.

  • PEAP Evaluation.

  • Sector Investment Plans.

  • Sector performance reviews.

  • Budget framework papers.


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Context 4. Key entry points for integrating environment into sector plans and budgets

  • Annual Budgeting process.

  • Annual Work plan making process.

  • Sector Investment Planning Process.

  • Sector policy reviews and formulation.

  • PRSP reviews and formulation processes.

  • Programme reviews e.g. the NAADS.

  • Identifying and exploiting emerging issues and challenges e.g. Climate change.

  • Policy development and reviews.

  • Environmental screening of plans and budgets by Environmental focal point officers.

  • Central govt assessment of local govt performance.


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Experience

  • Since the 1992 Rio Conference

    • Sectoral policies and Sector Strategic Plans have been made.

    • Attempts were made to mainstream environment concerns into them.

  • Since 1997 Uganda has been implementing PEAPs i.e. the coverage of environmental concerns has been improving in each subsequent PEAP

    • PEAP 2 (2000): environment recognised as a cross-cutting issue

    • PEAP 3 (2004); environment recognised as both a cross cutting issue as well as important for enhancing production, incomes and competitiveness.

  • Success has been achieved in environmental mainstreaming, however, the budgeting for environmental priorities is still very low.

  • Awareness and willingness of sectors including the MFPED to mainstream environment has increased.

  • Greater awareness by the MFPED, NPA that environment is weakly treated as a cross –cutting issue in many sectors and there is willingness to increase attention to it.


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How? Approaches

  • Integrating environmental concerns into the Budget Call Circular

  • Participation in all stages of the budgeting cycle.

  • Reviewing, policies, plans and BFPs and identify gaps.

  • Holding discussion meetings with sectors and getting their commitment to address the gaps identified.

  • Preparing separate summary comments and proposals for change.

  • Lobbying influential people in relevant sector e.g. Policy makers,the Director of Budget, Sectoral Planners.

  • Building the capacity of Planners, Chief Finance Officers, Ministry of Finance to appreciate and mainstream environment.

  • Study visits with delegations from MFPED, NPA, Parliamentarians and Executives.

  • Lobbying for policies on environmental incentives/ disincentives


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How ? – 2.Tools

  • Environmental mainstreaming guidelines

  • Relevant reading materials to sectoral planners and MFPED.

  • Environment policies for Local Governments

  • Generating evidence (using studies) showing the links between environment, poverty reduction, and other development goals.


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Mandate of ENR sector

  • ENR Sector as the Champion of environmental mainstreaming must;

    • Identify ENR sector priorities.

    • Develop ENR Sector Investment Plan (SIP).

    • Lobby other sectors to integrate environmental issues.

    • Mobilize resources from Govt, development partners

      • Presents the case for increased budget allocation

    • Generate evidence on linkages between environment and national development.

    • Increase visibility of environment in all Government plans and programmes including the PEAP/NDP.


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Lessons

  • Mainstreaming environment in sector policies, plans and PRSPs is not sufficient, it needs to be followed by budgetary allocations.

  • BFP documents tell us more precisely what sectors are doing than other plans (SIP, draft NDP papers).

  • Need to generate quantitative evidence- environmental statistics.

  • Vital to maintain continuous dialogue with the MFPED, CFOs, Planners.

  • Taking environment as a cross-cutting issue is not enough, it should as well be taken as one of the pillars in the PRSPs.


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Lessons continued

  • Support of development partners is essential.

  • Need for continuous interactions with the sectors at all stages of the budgeting cycle, in sector reviews, policy formulation.

  • Where environmental concerns are taken on board they tend to be isolated to projects in selected geographical/admin areas – not an overall strategy or policy of the sector.

  • Inadequate engagement of donors to other sectors.

  • The sectors recognise the need to mainstream environment, the existing gaps and are willing to address them.

    They even asked;-

    “Why didn’t you come sooner?”


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Challenges

  • Keeping a continuous dialogue with the sectors.

  • Keeping momentum and interest of all stakeholders in the process.

  • Capacity building at Local Government (critical mass) level to propose strategies and put forward budget proposals for environmental activities.

  • Generating quantitative evidence.

  • Communicating with MFPED, Planners and CFOs.


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Challenges Contd.

  • Documenting evidence and sharing it out with all stakeholders.

  • Identifying what works in different sectors.

  • Global challenges e.g. bio-fuels, nuclear energy, and GMOs, Climate change: supporting sectors to plan for addressing them.

  • Capacity building (public and private) at all levels.


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There is a huge job to be done

Next steps

  • Greater engagement of MFPED, Parliament, Accounting Officers, CFOs, Planners

  • Full participation of ENR in the National budget cycle –Environmental Budgeting Guidelines

  • Evidence based lobbying- Generate Statistics

  • Integrate PEI into the UNDP country programme

  • Strengthen environmental visibility in donor country support programmes to other sectors


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We are up to the challenge.


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Required UNDP-UNEP PEI Support

  • Facilitate networking, sharing of knowledge and international best practices

  • Facilitate south-south cooperation

  • Enhance the generation of supportive evidence

  • UNDP to use its position to

    • lobby the donors to mainstream environment in their country programmes

    • facilitate PEI to participate in high level policy meetings


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