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“Why didn’t you come sooner?”. Experience of working with sectors to raise their attention to environment in their budgets and plans. PEI Uganda. Context 1 Linkages between PRSP (PEAP) and Sectoral plans and budgets?.

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why didn t you come sooner

“Why didn’t you come sooner?”

Experience of working with sectors to raise their attention to environment in their budgets and plans.

PEI Uganda

context 1 linkages between prsp peap and sectoral plans and budgets
Context 1Linkages between PRSP (PEAP) and Sectoral plans and budgets?
  • Sector plans and budgets are for implementing the PEAP and reaching its goals.
  • The PEAP implementation is tied to the Budget process
  • Budget allocations respond to the challenges identified in the PEAP.
  • The PEAP re-affirms sector priorities as in their plans
context 1 continued linkages between prsp peap and sectoral plans and budgets
Context 1, continued: Linkages between PRSP (PEAP) and Sectoral plans and budgets,
  • PEAP identifies priority actions to achieve sector priorities.
  • The Sector Working Groups (SWGs) which recommend sector plans and budgets, work within the PEAP framework.
  • Sector plans and priorities feed into the PEAP and should be within the PEAP framework.
  • The PEAP secretariat works closely with the personnel in the sectoral planning units.
context 2 how well are the links made
Context 2.How well are the links made?
  • But, do not always, e.g. in the following circumstances:
    • Disasters, natural and man-made calamities.
    • Strategic priorities stated in BFPs
    • Emergency and extraordinary plans e.g. CHOGM event.
    • Politically motivated programmes e.g. Prosperity For All (Bonna Bagaggawale).
    • Failures in spending discipline;- sectoral priorities are ignored

Ideally, the


plans are


linked to the


(PEAP) and

the budgets.

context 3 mechanisms for harmonisation between prsp peap and sectoral plans
Context 3. Mechanisms for Harmonisation Between PRSP/PEAP and Sectoral plans
  • Annual budget call circulars, based on the PEAP, that guide the whole budgeting process.
  • Ministerial Policy Statements-linked to Sector BFPs.
  • Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF); a framework for medium-term(3-year) budget planning
    • MTEF Ceilings
  • The sectors contribute to preparing the PEAP.
  • PEAP Evaluation.
  • Sector Investment Plans.
  • Sector performance reviews.
  • Budget framework papers.
context 4 key entry points for integrating environment into sector plans and budgets
Context 4. Key entry points for integrating environment into sector plans and budgets
  • Annual Budgeting process.
  • Annual Work plan making process.
  • Sector Investment Planning Process.
  • Sector policy reviews and formulation.
  • PRSP reviews and formulation processes.
  • Programme reviews e.g. the NAADS.
  • Identifying and exploiting emerging issues and challenges e.g. Climate change.
  • Policy development and reviews.
  • Environmental screening of plans and budgets by Environmental focal point officers.
  • Central govt assessment of local govt performance.
  • Since the 1992 Rio Conference
    • Sectoral policies and Sector Strategic Plans have been made.
    • Attempts were made to mainstream environment concerns into them.
  • Since 1997 Uganda has been implementing PEAPs i.e. the coverage of environmental concerns has been improving in each subsequent PEAP
    • PEAP 2 (2000): environment recognised as a cross-cutting issue
    • PEAP 3 (2004); environment recognised as both a cross cutting issue as well as important for enhancing production, incomes and competitiveness.
  • Success has been achieved in environmental mainstreaming, however, the budgeting for environmental priorities is still very low.
  • Awareness and willingness of sectors including the MFPED to mainstream environment has increased.
  • Greater awareness by the MFPED, NPA that environment is weakly treated as a cross –cutting issue in many sectors and there is willingness to increase attention to it.
how approaches
How? Approaches
  • Integrating environmental concerns into the Budget Call Circular
  • Participation in all stages of the budgeting cycle.
  • Reviewing, policies, plans and BFPs and identify gaps.
  • Holding discussion meetings with sectors and getting their commitment to address the gaps identified.
  • Preparing separate summary comments and proposals for change.
  • Lobbying influential people in relevant sector e.g. Policy makers,the Director of Budget, Sectoral Planners.
  • Building the capacity of Planners, Chief Finance Officers, Ministry of Finance to appreciate and mainstream environment.
  • Study visits with delegations from MFPED, NPA, Parliamentarians and Executives.
  • Lobbying for policies on environmental incentives/ disincentives
how 2 tools
How ? – 2.Tools
  • Environmental mainstreaming guidelines
  • Relevant reading materials to sectoral planners and MFPED.
  • Environment policies for Local Governments
  • Generating evidence (using studies) showing the links between environment, poverty reduction, and other development goals.
mandate of enr sector
Mandate of ENR sector
  • ENR Sector as the Champion of environmental mainstreaming must;
    • Identify ENR sector priorities.
    • Develop ENR Sector Investment Plan (SIP).
    • Lobby other sectors to integrate environmental issues.
    • Mobilize resources from Govt, development partners
      • Presents the case for increased budget allocation
    • Generate evidence on linkages between environment and national development.
    • Increase visibility of environment in all Government plans and programmes including the PEAP/NDP.
  • Mainstreaming environment in sector policies, plans and PRSPs is not sufficient, it needs to be followed by budgetary allocations.
  • BFP documents tell us more precisely what sectors are doing than other plans (SIP, draft NDP papers).
  • Need to generate quantitative evidence- environmental statistics.
  • Vital to maintain continuous dialogue with the MFPED, CFOs, Planners.
  • Taking environment as a cross-cutting issue is not enough, it should as well be taken as one of the pillars in the PRSPs.
lessons continued
Lessons continued
  • Support of development partners is essential.
  • Need for continuous interactions with the sectors at all stages of the budgeting cycle, in sector reviews, policy formulation.
  • Where environmental concerns are taken on board they tend to be isolated to projects in selected geographical/admin areas – not an overall strategy or policy of the sector.
  • Inadequate engagement of donors to other sectors.
  • The sectors recognise the need to mainstream environment, the existing gaps and are willing to address them.

They even asked;-

“Why didn’t you come sooner?”

  • Keeping a continuous dialogue with the sectors.
  • Keeping momentum and interest of all stakeholders in the process.
  • Capacity building at Local Government (critical mass) level to propose strategies and put forward budget proposals for environmental activities.
  • Generating quantitative evidence.
  • Communicating with MFPED, Planners and CFOs.
challenges contd
Challenges Contd.
  • Documenting evidence and sharing it out with all stakeholders.
  • Identifying what works in different sectors.
  • Global challenges e.g. bio-fuels, nuclear energy, and GMOs, Climate change: supporting sectors to plan for addressing them.
  • Capacity building (public and private) at all levels.
there is a huge job to be done
There is a huge job to be done

Next steps

  • Greater engagement of MFPED, Parliament, Accounting Officers, CFOs, Planners
  • Full participation of ENR in the National budget cycle –Environmental Budgeting Guidelines
  • Evidence based lobbying- Generate Statistics
  • Integrate PEI into the UNDP country programme
  • Strengthen environmental visibility in donor country support programmes to other sectors
required undp unep pei support
Required UNDP-UNEP PEI Support
  • Facilitate networking, sharing of knowledge and international best practices
  • Facilitate south-south cooperation
  • Enhance the generation of supportive evidence
  • UNDP to use its position to
    • lobby the donors to mainstream environment in their country programmes
    • facilitate PEI to participate in high level policy meetings