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Lesson 11 The Future of the English Pre-Text Questions What is the writing mainly about? What kind of writing is this one? part an exposition and part an argument What are the differences between exposition and argument? How many subcategories can argument fall into? formal and informal

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Lesson 11

The Future of the English


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Pre-Text Questions

What is the writing mainly about?

What kind of writing is this one?

part an exposition and part an argument

What are the differences between exposition and

argument?

How many subcategories can argument fall into?

formal and informal

What is the controversial topic of this writing?

The English are different.

John Boynton Priestley


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Detailed Study of the Text

To describe the English people in political terms

that are generally used all over the world such as

being politically left, centre or right, will result in

a waste of time and effort.

How can we understand and translate this

Englishness ?

instinctive feeling

natural or inborn feeling

rational thought

thought arrived at after reasoning

neo-or-potential Fascists

have more than their share

have comparatively more than other countries (esp.

when considering the small size of the country and

the population)


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the English people may hotly argue and abuse and

quarrel with each other but there still exists a lot

of natural sympathetic feeling for each other

Not everybody may have or be able to display this

instinctive fellow-feeling.

shop steward

a union member elected to represent coworkers

in dealings with management

what the wealthy employers would really like to

do is to whip all the workers whom they consider

to be lazy and troublesome people

there are not many snarling shop stewards in the

workshop, nor are there many cruel wealthy

employers on the board of managers


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cancer

something destructive and malignant in their

character

inheritance

qualities that go together with Englishness and

which have been handed down generation after

generation

The contemporary world demands that everything

be done on a big scale and the English do not like

or trust bigness.

What’s the difference between rational and

reasonable ?

consistent with or based on reason

being within the bounds of common sense

often the product of cold logical thinking but not

sensible


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admass

section of the public that is thought to be easily

influenced by advertising and the media

Admass

the art of advertising or way of persuading people

to buy stuff which they may not need

battle

conflict between Admass and Englishness

At least on the surface, when Englishness is put

against the power and success of Admass,

Englishness seems to put up a rather poor weak

performance.

Englishness

a faint pencil sketch

Admass

a poster in full colour


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build into

construct/include as an integral part of

The new policy intends to build stability into the

economy.

while Englishness is not hostile to change,…sake

Englishness is not against change, but it believes

that changing just for changing and for no other

useful purpose could be very wrong and harmful

To put cars … before houses…imbecility.

To regard cars and motorways as more important

than houses seems to Englishness a public

stupidity.

I must admit…Admass could be winning.

I must further say that while Englishness can go

on fighting, there is a great possibility of Admass

winning.


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Train themselves out of it

deliberately and intentionally throw away their

Englishness

moral capital

a reservoir of strong moral and ethical principles

It must have some moral capital…for an overdraft.

Englishness draws its strength from a reservoir of

strong moral and ethical principles, and soon it

may be asking for strength which this reservoir of

principles cannot supply.

catch

a deception; tricky condition

Where’s this ‘Good life’ in sweating…caper?

How can there be a “Good Life” when one has to

work extremely raising the productivity of every

man every hour?


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Did the author make his point clear at this point?

How can we translate the word pretending here?

certainly not where there is a genuine…on hand

certainly not in places where workers still take

real pride, though this may seem rather old

-fashioned, in the work they are doing

industrial action

a general strike

an ideology legitimizing direct industrial action

by the workers

bloody-mindedness

the aggressive obstinacy

What did the author determine as the innermost

cause for all this chaos?

it

the awareness of this conflict


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powerful trade unions

huge organizations

syndicalism

a theory and movement of trade unionism in

which all means of production and distribution

would be brought under the control of federations

of labor unions by the use of direct action, such

as general strikes

they were in the van

they were the leaders of the movement

they are like a hippopotamus blundering in and

out of a pets’ tea party


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any of the charges in an indictment, each

of which gives a reason and is sufficient

for prosecution; any of a group of offences

of which a person is accused

count

two counts of forgery and one of fraud

These people probably believe, as I do, that the

“Good Life” promised by Admass is false and

dishonest in all respects.

Tory

runaway or fugitive

conservative politicians

member of a former British political party,

traditionally in opposition to the Whig Party.

sb. who administers or directs

a commercial

director


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They can be found too—though there are not many

of them now because these kind of people are

dying out—among the curt, bad-tempered,

extremely conservative politicians who refuse to

accept high posts in big commercial enterprises.

to cause to come about successfully;

manage with the desired results

swing

act in accordance with current

customs or modes

conform

Hippy California

Madison Avenue

the road to Katmandu


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a group of cattle or other domestic

animals of a single kind kept together

for a specific purpose

herd

they have not been trained by hard and cruel

circumstances to practice self-control and

behave in an orderly way

he will not even find much satisfaction in his

untidy and disordered life where he manages to

live as a parasite by sponging on people. This

kind of life does not help a person to build up

any self-respect.

fall between two stools

fail to be either of two satisfactory alternatives

vandalism

willful or malicious destruction of public or

private property


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showing inability to look ahead into

the future

myopic

What is your understanding of the word fair in

the brackets?

But those roots must be needing nourishment.

But they need new moral sustenance to keep

them flourishing.

What features does east wind have?

dry, cold, harsh

Englishness cannot flourish on narrow logical

reasoning, the latest financial figures of profit

and loss, nor a constant appeal to self-interest.

In what sense does Priestley put politician and

statesman in sharp contrast?


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