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Legal. As of 20Mar08. These questions are more relevant to the written exams than the oral. Malpractice . Q. What degree of evidence is needed to decide malpractice suits?. Malpractice.

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Legal

As of 20Mar08. These questions are more relevant to the written exams than the oral.


Malpractice

Q. What degree of evidence is needed to decide malpractice suits?


Malpractice

Ans. Preponderance of the evidence. [Basically, much less than criminal cases, “beyond a reasonable doubt.” Only 51% of the evidence supports a verdict to decide a malpractice case.]


Hendricks v. Kansas

Q. Hendricks v. Kansas applied to what?


Hendricks v. Kansas

Ans. Supreme Court decision that endorsed Kansas policy to transfer dangerous sex offenders to psychiatric hospitals on expiration of their prison sentence.

{117 S. Ct. 2072 (1997)}


National Data Bank

Q. What can lead a physician to be listed on the National Data Bank?


National Data Bank

Ans. A hospital, healthcare organization, APA, etc. takes a disciplinary action against the physician, for a penalty period of more than 30 days. Thus, in theory, at least, if you are suspended by your hospital until your discharge records are completed, they would not report you if you got them completed in a month.

Ref: Sadock & Kaplan’s Synopsis


Tarasoff I

Q. Basically, Tarasoff I requires?


Tarasoff I

Ans. A duty to warn a potential victim when you are treating a pt who you find has plans to harm someone specifically.

[1976. A California decision, so does not pertain to all states. The “I” may not be part of the question.]


Tarasoff II

Q. What is Tarasoff II?


Tarasoff II

Ans. Not only to warn, but to take actions to protect the potential victim.

[California decision of 1982, so does not pertain to all states.]


Right of privileged

Q. The right of privileged communication is a right that belongs to whom?


Right of privilege

Ans. The pt.

Sadock & Kaplan


Rouse v. Cameron

Q. What was the Rouse v. Cameron decision about?


Rouse v. Cameron

Ans. First, 1966, right to treatment decision. Only pertains to the District of Columbia.


Other right to treatment decisions
Other Right to Treatment Decisions

  • Q. Name two other major right to treatment decisions, one in Alabama, 1971, and one before the Supreme Court, 1976?


Other right to treatment decisions1
Other Right to Treatment Decisions

Ans.

1971, Wyatt v. Stickney

1976, O.Connor v. Donaldson


Lake v. Cameron

Q. What was the Lake v. Cameron decision about?


Lake v. Cameron

Ans. First “least restrictive setting,” a federal decision that only pertained to DC, 1966. Decision said that one could not place a pt into a hospital involuntarily until it has been shown that a least restrictive alternative was not available.


battery

Q. Legally, what is battery?


battery

Ans. For physicians, touching a pt before the pt has agreed to be touched.

Sadock and Kaplan.


Types of witnesses
Types of Witnesses

Q. What are the two types of witnesses in the court that pertain to psychiatrists?


Types of witnesses1
Types of Witnesses

Ans.

Fact Witness: What one saw of heard, not rending an opinion. Includes reading a medical record to the court so that the court has that info.

Expert Witness: Can draw conclusions, such as the patient is dangerous to self or others.


Competency to stand trial
Competency to Stand Trial

Q. Supreme Court, Dusky v. United States, set standard for determining competency to stand trial. Roughly, what was the wording?


Competency to stand trial1
Competency to Stand Trial

Ans. The person “has sufficient present ability to consult with his lawyer with a reasonable degree of rational understanding – and whether he has a rational as well as factual understanding of the proceeding against him.”


Ngbri
NGBRI

Q. What is the Model Penal Code’s wording as to a person being found nor guilty of by reason of insanity?


Ngbri1
NGBRI

Ans.

“People are not responsible for criminal conduct, if, at the time of such conduct, as a result of mental illness or defect, they lacked substantial capacity either to appreciate the criminality [wrongfulness] of their conduct

OR

See next screen


Ngbri2
NGBRI

[continued]

Or to inform their conduct to the requirement of the law.”

{These two are sometimes referred to as “two pronged,” with some authorities wanting to eliminate the second. States vary in their wording, but most are close to this. Not all states allow NGBRI.]


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