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La Biblioteca Digital y su rol en la Educaci ó n Superior Biblioteca Central Universidad Nacional del Sur Bahia Blanca, Argentina M ay 17-18, 2004. Edward A. Fox [email protected] http://fox.cs.vt.edu. Acknowledgements (Selected).

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edward a fox fox@vt edu http fox cs vt edu

La Biblioteca Digitaly su rol en laEducación SuperiorBiblioteca CentralUniversidad Nacional del SurBahia Blanca, Argentina May 17-18, 2004

Edward A. Fox

[email protected] http://fox.cs.vt.edu

acknowledgements selected
Acknowledgements (Selected)
  • Sponsors: ACM, Adobe, AOL, IBM, Microsoft, NASA, NLM, NSF, OCLC, SUN, US Dept. of Ed. (FIPSE)
  • VT Faculty/Staff: Debra Dudley, Weiguo Fan, Gail McMillan, Manuel Perez, Naren Ramakrishnan, Layne Watson, …
  • VT Students: Yuxin Chen, Shahrooz Feizabadi, Marcos Goncalves, Nithiwat Kampanya, S.H. Kim, Bing Liu, Paul Mather, Fernando Das Neves, Unni. Ravindranathan, Ryan Richardson, Rao Shen, Ricardo Torres, Wensi Xi, Baoping Zhang, …
acknowledgements ndltd
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (NDLTD)
  • NDLTD Board of Directors, previous Steering Committee + other NDLTD committees; those running Electronic Thesis & Dissertation (ETD) initiatives in universities, regions, countries
  • Helpful sponsorship by many organizations, especially Adobe (new initiative!), CONACyT, DFG, FIPSE (US Dept. Education), IBM, Microsoft, NSF (IIS-9986089, 0086227, 0080748, 0325579; DUE-0121679, 0136690, 0121741, 0333601), OCLC, SOLINET, SUN, SURA, UNESCO, VTLS, many governments (Australia, Germany, India, …), …
  • Colleagues at Virginia Tech (faculty, staff, students), and collaborators at many universities
  • Slides included from: Vinod Chachra, Thom Hickey, Joan Lippincott, Gail McMillan, Axel Plathe, Hussein Suleman, …
other collaborators selected
Other Collaborators (Selected)
  • Brazil: FUA, UFMG, UNICAMP
  • Case Western Reserve University
  • Emory, Notre Dame, Oregon State
  • Germany: Univ. Oldenburg
  • Mexico: UDLA (Puebla), Monterrey
  • College of NJ, Hofstra, Penn State, Villanova
  • University of Arizona
  • University of Florida, Univ. of Illinois
  • University of Virginia
  • Endowment: VTLS
unesco
UNESCO
  • Cláudio Menezes [[email protected]]
  • Purpose:
    • Reinforce local solutions, commitments
  • Emphasize:
    • ETD does not need many resources.
    • Open source and free software is available.
    • International cooperation can help.
    • Local training is crucial.
    • => Inclusion of ETD in practices, processes
    • => Schedule for ETD projects
part 1

Part 1

Digital Libraries and

Higher Education

virginia tech background
Virginia Tech Background
  • Largest university in Virginia, land-grant, football, town population 35K plus 26K students
  • Blacksburg Electronic Village, since 1992, with > 80% of community on Internet
  • Net.Work.Virginia, with sites for education, research, government
  • LMDS, Local Multipoint Distribution Service, gigabit wireless networking - 1/3 of Virginia
  • Math Emporium, 500 workstations
  • Faculty Development Initiative, round 3
  • Torgersen Hall, $30M Advanced Communications and Information Technology Center, with DLRL
fox at vt
Fox at VT
  • Professor, Dept. of Computer Science
  • 1/3 time report to Erv Blythe, VP for Info. Tech.
  • Director, Digital Library Research Laboratory
    • Location: 2030 Torgersen Hall
    • Students: typically about 20
    • Visitors: India: 2, S. Korea: 1, Brazil: 1, …
    • Grants: 9 active
  • Director of University Center: Internet Technology Innovation Center at VT
slide9

Internet TechnologyInnovation Center Supported by Virginia’s Center for Innovative TechnologyStatewide University Partners - Governing Board:

  • Christopher Newport University
    • William Winter, William Muir, Virginia Electronic Commerce Technology Center / Southeastern Virginia Network (VECTEC/SEVAnet)
  • George Mason University
    • Steven Ruth, International Center for Applied Studies in IT (ICASIT)
  • Old Dominion University – Kurt Maly (CS Head), …
  • University of Virginia
    • Alf Weaver, Internet Commerce Group (InterCom)
    • Jim French, Internet Digital Library
  • VCU – Information Systems, plus connection with telemedicine etc.
  • Virginia Tech
    • Edward Fox, Digital Library Research Laboratory (DLRL), CC, CS
    • Scott Midkiff, Center for Wireless Telecomm. (CWT), VTISC, ECpE
itic @ vt research areas
ITIC @ VTResearch Areas
  • Collaboration (e.g., group decision support)
  • Community networking (e.g., BEV)
  • Internet access (e.g., statewide network)
  • Information services (e.g., digital libraries)
  • Modeling and simulation (e.g., Web traffic)
  • Usability (e.g., human factors engineering)
  • Virtual environments (e.g., CAVE, visualization)
digital libraries projects other selected
Digital Libraries Projects(other selected)
  • TULIP (Elsevier, OCLC)
  • BEV History Base (NSF, Blacksburg)
  • DL for CS Education - EI (NSF, ACM)
  • WATERS (NSF)
  • WCA (Log) Repository (W3C)
  • NSDL (NSF): DL-in-a-Box, GetSmart, OCKHAM
dl examples
DL Examples
  • IBM Digital Library
  • Virtua (www.vtls.com)
  • Greenstone (www.greenstone.org)
  • Eprints (www.eprints.org)
  • Many systems in NSF DLI projects
  • VT systems: CITIDEL, CSTC, DL-in-a-box, ETANA, MARIAN, NCSTRL, NDLTD
digital libraries objectives
Digital Libraries --- Objectives
  • World Lit.: 24hr / 7day / from desktop
  • Integrated “super” information systems: 5S: streams, structures, spaces, scenarios, societies
  • Ubiquitous, Higher Quality, Lower Cost
  • Education, Knowledge Sharing, Discovery
  • Disintermediation -> Collaboration
  • Universities Reclaim Property
  • Interactive Courseware, Student Works
  • Scalable, Sustainable, Usable, Useful
benefits
Benefits
  • Ease of use
  • Effectiveness
  • “The benefits of digital libraries will not be appreciated unless they are easy to use effectively.” - IITA Workshop report
dls why of global interest
DLs: Why of Global Interest?
  • National projects can preserve antiquities and heritage: cultural, historical, linguistic, scholarly
  • Knowledge and information are essential to economic and technological growth, education
  • DL - a domain for international collaboration
    • wherein all can contribute and benefit
    • which leverages investment in networking
    • which provides useful content on Internet & WWW
    • which will tie nations and peoples together more strongly and through deeper understanding
slide17

Reagan Moore

Ed Fox

June

2002

for

NSF

dl challenges
DL Challenges
  • Preservation - so people with trust DLs
  • Supporting infrastructure - networks, ...
  • Scalability, sustainability, interoperability
  • DL industry - critical mass by covering libraries, archives, museums, corporate info, govt info, personal info - “quality WWW” integrating IR, HT, MM, ...
    • Need tools & methods to make them easier to build
slide20

Improving

Education

Info.

Literacy

(1995)

Internet

(1984)

SGML (1985)

Digital Libraries

NSF DLI (1994)

Multimedia

(1986)

WWW

(1994)

University

Scholarly

Electronic

Pub. (1988)

Library

Cancellations

(1988)

PDF

(1992)

synchronous scholarly communication
SynchronousScholarly Communication

Same time, Same or different place

asynchronous digital library mediated scholarly communication
Asynchronous, Digital Library Mediated Scholarly Communication

Different time and/or place

slide23

Information

Life

Cycle

Borgman et al.:

Workshop Report on

Social Aspects of

Digital Libraries:

http://www-lis.gseis.

ucla.edu/DL/

information life cycle
Information Life Cycle

Creation

Active

Authoring

Modifying

Social Context

Using

Creating

Organizing

Indexing

Retention

/ Mining

Accessing

Filtering

Storing

Retrieving

Semi-

Active

Utilization

Distributing

Networking

Inactive

Searching

slide25

Locating Digital Libraries in Computing and

Communications Technology Space

Digital Libraries technology

trajectory: intellectual

access to globally distributed information

Communications

(bandwidth, connectivity)

Computing (flops)

Digital content

less

more

integrated cclinc translingual information system

CCLINC

SERVER

Summarization

BugHanI IlBonE Ddo MiSaIlEul

BalSaHan Deus HaDa

Info Detection

What is the north korean

movement in the front line?

Extraction

What is the status of nk

missile launch against japan?

It seems that North Korea launch a missile again

After North Korea launched a Daipodong missile

last month, NK is perceived to proceed to an additional

test launch. Korea, US and Japan enter into an alert

state, and prepare for a joint response policy. Korea

estimates that the additional launch will be on 09/05.

Japan estimates that NK’s missile range is short.US

information says that there is no sign of launch yet.

Translation

DARPA

Integrated CCLINC Translingual Information System

2-way

Speech Transation

structured video browser making video into hypermedia www learn umd edu
Structured Video Browser(making video into hypermedia)www.learn.umd.edu
  • IBrowse
  • Expository multimedia
  • Narrative Structures
slide29

MPEG-7 Video Library Systems Tech.

Video Data

Description

Scheme

Description Schemes

Design Tool

Description Generator

Meta

Database

Video

Database

Presentation Module

Player

Retrieval Server

Module

ICU

Information and Communication

University

MPEG-7 Video Library Systems Tech.

Architecture

definitions
Definitions
  • Library ++ (library+archive+museum+…)
  • Distributed information system + organization + effective interface
  • User community + collection + services
  • Digital objects, repositories, IPR management, handles, indexes, federated search, hyperbase, annotation
definition digital libraries are complex systems that
Definition: Digital Libraries are complex systems that
  • help satisfy info needs of users (societies)
  • provide info services (scenarios)
  • organize info in usable ways (structures)
  • present info in usable ways (spaces)
  • communicate info with users (streams)
case study education
Case Study: Education
  • Refactoring Scholarly Communication:
    • Creating, Sharing, Reviewing, Teaching, Learning, …
  • Physics: PhysNet
  • OCKHAM
  • CSTC, CITIDEL, NSDL
  • NDLTD
digital libraries shorten the chain from
Digital LibrariesShorten the Chain from

Author

Editor

Reviewer

Publisher

A&I

Consolidator

Library

Reader

dls shorten the chain to
DLs Shorten the Chain to

Roles

Digital

Library

Author

Teacher

User

Reader

Editor

Learner

Reviewer

Librarian

ockham
OCKHAM
  • Simplicity (a la OCCAM’s razor)
  • Support by Mellon and DLF
  • Four main ideas:
    • Components
    • Lightweight protocols
    • Open reference models (e.g., 5S, OAIS)
    • Community perspective and involvement
  • Now funded by NSF in NSDL, with P2P
cs cstc crim
CS -> CSTC -> CRIM
  • NSF and ACM Education Committee are funding a 2 year project “A Computer Science Teaching Center” - CSTC - http://www.cstc.org/
  • College of NJ, U. Ill. Springfield, Virginia Tech
  • Focus initially on labs, visualization, multimedia
  • Multimedia part is also supported by a 2nd grant to Virginia Tech and The George Washington University: http://www.cstc.org/~crim/ (with curricular guidelines also under development)
cs teaching center cstc
CS Teaching Center (CSTC)
  • Instead of building large, expensive multimedia packages, that become obsolete and are difficult to re-use, concentrate on small knowledge units.
  • Learners benefit from having well-crafted modules that have been reviewed and tested.
  • Use digital libraries to build a powerful base of support for learners, upon which a variety of courses, self-study tutorials & reference resources can be built.
  • ACM support led to Journal of Educational Resources in Computing (JERIC), accessible from www.cstc.org
computing and information technology interactive digital educational library citidel
Computing and Information Technology Interactive Digital Educational Library (CITIDEL)
  • Domain: computing / information technology
  • Genre: one-stop-shopping for teachers & learners: courseware (CSTC, JERIC), leading DLs (ACM, IEEE-CS, DB&LP, CiteSeer), PlanetMath.org, NCSTRL (technical reports), …
  • Submission & Collection: sub/partner collections  www.citidel.org
www citidel org
www.CITIDEL.org
  • Led by Virginia Tech, with co-PIs:
    • Fox (director, DL systems)
    • Lee (history)
    • Perez (user interface, Spanish support)
  • Partners
    • College of New Jersey (Knox)
    • Hofstra (Impagliazzo)
    • Villanova (Cassel)
    • Penn State (Giles)
slide56

Digital library architecture for local

and interoperable CITIDEL services

citidel nsdl
CITIDEL -> NSDL
  • A collection project in the
  • National STEM (science, technolgy, engineering, and mathematics) education Digital Library – NSDL
  • National Science Digital Library
  • www.nsdl.org
slide69

A Learning Environments and Resources

Network for SMET Education (LEARNS)

LEARNS

Users

Tools

Content

“The network is the library.”

learns connects

LEARNS Connects:

Users:students, educators, life-long learners

Content: structured learning materials; large real-time or archived datasets; audio, images, animations; primary sources; digital learning objects (e.g. applets); interactive (virtual, remote) laboratories; ...

Tools: search; refer; validate; integrate; create; customize; publish; share; notify; collaborate; ...

learns supports

Users

Tools

Content

LEARNS Supports:

Learning communities

(profiles)

Application services

(protocols)

Customizable collections

(metadata)

learns enables
Environments for

Communication

Collaboration

Creation

Validation

Evaluation

Recognition

...

Discovery

Stability

Reliability

Reusability

Interoperability

Customizability

...

of Resources

LEARNS Enables:

AND

expectations of nsdl programtracks
Expectations of NSDL ProgramTracks
  • Core Integration:coordinate a distributed alliance of resource collection and service providers; and ensure reliable and extensible access to and usability of the resulting network of learning environments and resources
  • Collections:aggregate and actively manage a subset of the digital library’s content within a coherent theme / specialty
  • Services:increase the impact, reach, efficiency, and value of the digital library in its fully operational form
  • Targeted (Applied) Research:have immediate impact on one or more of the other three tracks
collections
Collections
  • Discovery of content
  • Classification and cataloguing
  • Acquisition and/or linking; referencing
  • Disciplinary-based themes define a natural body of content, but other possibilities are also encouraged
  • Access to massive real-time or archived datasets
  • Software tool suites for analysis, modeling, simulation, or visualization
  • Reviewed commentary on learning materials and pedagogy
services
Services
  • Help services, frequently asked questions, etc.
  • Synchronous/asynchronous collaborative learning environments using shared resources
  • Mechanisms for building personal annotated digital information spaces
  • Reliability testing for applets or other digital learning objects
  • Audio, image, and video search capability
  • Metadata system translation
  • Community feedback mechanisms
nsdl information architecture essentially as developed by the technical infrastructure workgroup

referenced

items &

collections

referenced

items &

collections

Special Databases

Portals &

Clients

Portals &

Clients

Portals &

Clients

NSDL

Services

NSDL

Services

Other NSDL

Services

NSDL

Collections

NSDL

Collections

NSDL

Collections

Core Services:

information retrieval

CI Services

browsing

CI Services

authentication

Core Services:

metadata gathering

CI Services

personalization

Core Collection-

Building Services

protocols

CI Services

discussion

Core Collection-

Building Services

harvesting

CI Services

annotation

NSDL Information ArchitectureEssentially as developed by the Technical Infrastructure Workgroup

User Interfaces

CoreNSDL

“Bus”

Usage Enhancement

Collection Building

a digital library case study
Domain: graduate education, research

Genre:ETDs=electronic theses & dissertations

Submission: http://etd.vt.edu

Collection: http://www.theses.org

Project:

Networked Digital Library of Theses & Dissertations

(NDLTD) http://www.ndltd.org

A Digital Library Case Study
slide81

NDLTD

IT

Ed.

(Tech)

Grad

Program

Library

slide82

Key Ideas:

Networked infrastructure

Scalability

University collaboration

Workflow, automation

Education is the rationale

8th graders vs. grads

Maximal

Access

Authors must submit

Standards

PDF, SGML, MM,

MARC, DC, URNs,

Federated search

slide83

The Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations

www.NDLTD.org

Training Authors

Expanding Access

Preserving Knowledge

Improving Graduate Education

Enhancing Scholarly Communication

Empowering Students & Universities

Leader of the Worldwide ETD

(Electronic Thesis and Dissertation) Initiative

main message
Main Message
  • Digital libraries can help advance education.
  • Argentina is invited to engage in NDLTD, as well as CITIDEL, NSDL, and other DL ventures.
  • UNESCO Analytical Survey on Digital Libraries in Education is recommending DLE in each nation.
  • Local and national support can
    • stimulate activities, including collaboration
    • promote a sharing culture, especially in research and teaching
    • leverage others’ investments (networking, computing, …)
    • encourage / facilitate learning
  • Please join NDLTD!
what led to today s meeting
What led to today’s meeting?
  • 1987 mtg in Ann Arbor: UMI, VT, …
  • 1992 mtg in Washington: CNI, CGS, UMI, VT and 10 universities with 3 reps each
  • 1993 mtg in Atlanta to start Monticello Electronic Library (regional, US Southeast): SURA, SOLINET
  • 1994 mtg at VT: std: PDF + SGML + multimedia objects
  • 1996 funding by SURA, US Dept. of Education (FIPSE)
  • 1997 meetings in UK, Germany, ...
  • 1998 – 1st symposium – Memphis (20)
  • 1999 – 2nd symposium – Blacksburg (70)
  • 2000 – 3rd symposium – St. Petersburg (225)
  • 2001 – 4th symposium – Caltech (200)
  • 2002 – 5th syposium – BYU, Provo, Utah
  • 2003 – 6th syposium – Berlin (215)
  • 2004 – 7th syposium – U. Kentucky
  • 2005 – 8th syposium – Sydney, Australia
what are the long term goals
What are the long term goals?
  • 400K US students / year getting grad degrees are exposed / involved
  • 200K/yr rich hypermedia ETDs that may turn into electronic portfolios (images, video, audio, …)
  • Dramatic increase in knowledge sharing: literature reviews, bibliographies, …
  • Services providing lifelong access for students: browse, search, prior searches, citation links
  • Hundreds/thousands of downloads / year / work
etds library goals
ETDs: Library Goals
  • Improve library services
    • Better turn-around time
    • Always available
  • Reduce work
    • catalog from e-text
    • eliminate handling: mailing to ProQuest, bindery prep, check-out, check-in, reshelving, etc.
  • Save space
what are we doing
What are we doing?
  • Aiding universities to enhance graduate education, publishing and IPR efforts
  • Helping improve the availability and content of theses and dissertations
  • Educating ALL future scholars so they can publish electronically and effectively use digital libraries (i.e., are Information Literate and can be more expressive)
ndltd incorporation
NDLTD Incorporation
  • Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations incorporated May 20, 2003 in Virginia, USA
  • Charitable and educational purposes (501 c 3)
    • Can accept donations, collect dues, receive funds
  • LeClair Ryan provides legal counsel
  • Officers
    • Executive Director (Ed Fox)
    • Secretary (Gail McMillan)
    • Treasurer (Scott Eldredge)
initial board of directors
Suzie Allard (ETD 2004, U. Kentucky)

Denise A. D. Bedford (World Bank)

Julia C. Blixrud (ARL, SPARC)

José Luis Borbinha (National Lib Portugal)

Alex Byrne (ETD 2005, ADT: Australia)

Vinod Chachra (VTLS)

Peter Diepold (Humboldt)

Scott Eldredge (Treasurer, ETD 2002, BYU)

Edward Fox (Exec Director, Virginia Tech)

Jean-Claude Guédon (U. of Montréal)

John H. Hagen (West Virginia U.)

Thomas B. Hickey (OCLC)

Sarantos Kapidakis (Ionian U., Greece)

Delphine Lewis (ProQuest)

Joan K. Lippincott (CNI)

Gail McMillan (Secretary, Virginia Tech)

Claudio Menezes (UNESCO, Uruguay)

Joseph Moxley (ETD 2000, USF)

Ana Pavani (PUC Rio, Brazil)

Axel Plathe (UNESCO, Paris)

Sharon Reeves (National Library Canada)

Peter Schirmbacher (ETD 2003, Humboldt)

Mohsen Tawfik (UNESCO, India)

Shalini R. Urs (U. Mysore, India)

Felix N Ubogu (U. Witwatersrand, S. Africa)

Eric F. Van de Velde (ETD 2001, Caltech)

Initial Board of Directors
national regional projects
Australia

U. New South Wales (lead)

U. of Melbourne

U. of Queensland

U. of Sydney

Australian National U.

Curtin U. of Technology

Griffith U.

Germany

Humboldt University (lead)

3 other universities

5 learned societies: Math, Physics, Chemistry, Sociology, Education

1 computing center

2 major libraries

OhioLINK: 79 colleges/univs

Consorci de Biblioteques Universitàries de Catalunya, as group, www.cbuc.es: 9 sites

India

Korea

Brazil

UK (British Library, JISC, Edinburgh)

UNESCO (especially Latin America, Eastern Europe, Africa)

National / Regional Projects
some countries
Australia

Belgium

Brazil

Canada

China

Columbia

Finland

France

Germany

India

Italy

Korea

Mexico

Netherland

Norway

Russia

Singapore

S. Africa

S. Korea

Spain

Sudan

Sweden

Taiwan

UK

USA

Some Countries
some institutional members
Some Institutional Members
  • British Library
  • Cinemedia
  • Coalition for Networked Information (CNI)
  • Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC)
  • Consorci de Biblioteques Universitàries de Catalunya
  • Diplomica.com
  • Dissertation.com
  • Dissertationen Online (Germany)
  • ETDweb, a Division of Answer4.com
  • Ibero-American Science & Technology Education Consortium (ISTEC)
  • National Documentation Centre (NDC), Greece
  • National Library of Portugal (for all universities)
  • OCLC Online Computer Library Center
  • OhioLINK
  • Organization of American States (SEDI/OAS)
  • Southeastern Library Network (SOLINET)
  • UNESCO (www.unesco.org/webworld/etd)
unesco and etds by axel plathe at etd2003
UNESCO and ETDs(by Axel Plathe at ETD2003)
  • Promoting the use of the Internet as a tool for disseminating scientific knowledge
  • Facilitating the transfer of ETD expertise from developed to developing countries
  • 1998: Member of the NDLTD Steering Committee
  • 1999: First UNESCO ETD meeting on ETD internationalisation
  • 2002: “UNESCO Guide to Electronic Theses and Dissertations”
  • 2003: Model training programmes and training courses
  • 2003: Sponsor pilot projects
  • 2003: Pilot projects (Africa, Europe, Latin-America)
slide97

ETD Initiative (and ProQuest)

Education

Access

Students

Learn about

DL, EPub

TDs

become more

expressive

Global TDs

become more

accessible,

archived

Universities

N. Amer. (T)Ds are

accessible, archived

ProQuest

how can a university get involved
How can a university get involved?
  • Select planning/implementation team
    • Graduate School
    • Library
    • Computing / Information Technology
    • Institutional Research / Educ. Tech.
  • Join online, give us contact names
    • www.ndltd.org/join
  • Adapt Virginia Tech or other proven approach
    • Build interest and consensus
    • Start trial / allow optional submission
slide99

ETD

Convene Local Planning Group

etd project participants
ETD project participants
  • Academic administrators
  • Faculty
  • Students
  • Staff
  • Graduate school / provost / registrar
  • Information technologists
  • Librarians
slide101

ETD

ETD

Workshop/Training

Policies

Inspection/Approval

Build Local ETD Site

Digital Library

slide102

Student Prepares Thesis/Dissertation

NDLTD

Literature

Computer Resources

Research

slide103

My Thesis

ETD

Student Defends & Finalizes ETD

Multimedia

Start ETD early!

slide106

Student Gets Committee

Signatures and Submits ETD

Signed

Grad School

Approval

form

slide107

Graduate School Approves ETD,

Student is Graduated

Ph.D.

Quality control

slide108

Library Catalogs ETD, Access is

Opened to the New Research

WWW

NDLTD

Digital library access control

slide109

http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-2227102539751141/http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-2227102539751141/

status of the vt project
Status of the VT Project
  • Approved by university governance Spring 1996; required starting 1/1/97
  • Submission & access software in place
  • Submission workshops for students (and faculty) occur often: beginner/adv.
  • Faculty training as part of Faculty Development Initiative
  • Over 5000 ETDs in collection – some have audio, video, large images, software, …
archiving etds
Archiving ETDs
  • Every 15 minutes back-ups made of not-yet-approved submissions
  • Hourly back-ups of newly approved ETDs
  • Weekly back-ups of entire ETD collection
  • Copies stored on-site and off-site
vt etd cataloging
VT ETD Cataloging
  • same as current cataloging policies, except:
    • author-assigned keywords (not LCSH)
    • generic (not LC) call no.
    • fields/subfields as required for computer files
    • full abstracts
  • time savings
    • cataloger familiar with computer files
    • equipment, software for word processing
    • 5 minutes avg. (10-15 minutes for paper TDs)
library resources
Library Resources
  • Hardware: with Apache web server
    • Maintenance and security
    • Started small; now: Sun 2-processor Enterprise 250--Solaris 2.7
  • Software
    • Submission scripts written by DLA
      • Includes e-mail notifications to authors, advisors, UMI
      • Use it too: http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ETD-db/
    • Log files analyzed with Analog
    • Survey scripts written by DLA
      • Data from authors and readers
      • Use it too: http://lumiere.lib.vt.edu/surveys/
  • Search Engine
    • Started small; now: InfoSeek’s ULTRASEEK
digital library benefits low margin high use
Digital Library Benefits:Low margin, high use
  • Incorporate ETDs with other digital library activities
    • Ejournals, online class materials, digital images, etc.
    • Additional equipment, staff may not be necessary
      • http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/data/setup.html
  • Use VT programs, scripts, etc.
      • http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ETD-db/
  • Online accesses vs. circulation of copies
    • 1990-1994, average circulation per copy per year:
    • 2.2 for theses, 3.2 for dissertations
info available at vt
Info Available at VT
  • Information

http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses

  • Automated submission system ready for customization

http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ETD-db/

  • Student guidelines, training materials, FAQ\'s, multimedia educational materials

http://etd.vt.edu

access possibilities
Access Possibilities

www.

openarchives.

org

Web

search

engines

www.

theses.

org

library

catalog

clients

3rd

Party

Services

(e.g.,

UMI)

Virginia

Tech

MIT

National

Library of

Portugal

CBUC

(Spain)

Ohio

Link

National

Projects:

AU, GE, …

union catalog oclc
Union catalog: OCLC
  • OCLC will expand OAI data provider on TDs.
  • Is getting data from WorldCat (so, from many sites!).
  • Will harvest from all others who contact them.
  • Need DC and either ETD-MS or MARC.
  • Has a set for ETDs.
union catalog vtls vt
Union catalog: VTLS, VT
  • VTLS will enhance search/browse service for ETDs
    • Will harvest from OCLC’s set of ETD records
    • Will receive through other mechanisms
    • Will work with MARC-21 and ETD-MS
  • VT will continue to offer experimental services
ndltd union catalog content languages
NDLTD Union CatalogContent Languages
  • The VTLS NDLTD Union Catalog has data in 6 different languages. These are:
    • English
    • German
    • Greek
    • Korean
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
  • Examples follow
for professional societies
For professional societies
  • Like “writing across the curriculum”, e.g., Chemical Markup Language, MathML, …
  • Besides writing: computing/communications, information literacy, personal digital library management, tool use, research methods, collaboration, archiving/preservation
  • Data sets, communities of users of them
  • Classification systems / browsing / searching
  • NRC’s “Issues for Science and Engineering Researchers in the Digital Age”, 57 pages
relationship with publishers
Relationship with publishers
  • Concern of faculty and students that still wish to publish books or journal articles, voiced: campus, Chronicle, NPR, Times
  • Solution: Approval Form gives students, faculty choices on access, when to change access condition; use IPR controls in DL
  • Solution: by case, work with publishers and publisher associations to increase access
    • AAP, AAUP
    • AAAS, ACM, ACS, Elsevier, ...
some responses from publishers
Some responses from publishers
  • ACM: need to acknowledge copyright
  • Elsevier: need to acknowledge copyright
  • IEEE-CS: endorse initiative
  • ACS: After first publication, can release
  • Textbook publishers: different market, manuscript significantly reworked
  • General: restricting access to local campus will not cause any problems
summary etds and publishing
Summary: ETDs and Publishing
  • Early controversies waning
  • Faculty: prior publication?
    • Protective of future academics
  • Surveys of publishers
    • No specific policies largely
    • Consider submissions individually
  • VT ETD Alumni
    • None had problems getting published
  • Authors
    • Retain some rights, e.g., link to curriculum vitae, online course materials
etds and copyright
ETDs and Copyright
  • Author’s rights
    • Reproduction, modification, distribution, public performance, public display
      • Retain rights
      • Share non-exclusive rights:
      • Permit library to store / provide access
  • Author’s obligations: fair use
    • Balance factors or get permission
  • Notification: optional

Copyright 2002 by Gail McMillan ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

  • Registration: optional
    • Possibly receive greater compensation, with less documentation, if filing infringement law suit
etds and long term preservation
ETDs and Long-term Preservation
  • Concerns: Access without paper
    • Long term preservation
    • Standard multimedia formats
      • PDF Reader: open source
    • http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/archive.html
  • Addressed Concerns
    • Cooperatives, e.g., OhioLink
    • Why not: OCLC, NDLTD?
    • Commercial options
      • ProQuest: traditional microfilming
    • Frequent, regular back-ups available on, off-site
etd ms
ETD-MS
  • ETD Metadata Standard
    • XML-encoded metadata standard (content and encoding) for Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs)
    • in part conforming to Dublin Core (DC)
    • using RDF
    • using UNICODE
  • Will specify relationship with MARC
complex to simple
Complex to Simple

+

thesis

MARC ($50)

Dublin Core (DC)

recent added support by ndltd
Recent Added Support by NDLTD
  • Links from NDLTD site
    • ETD individuals support – submit ETD
    • ETD discussion (e-prints) – community activities
    • Conference papers and presentations – community activities http://www.ndltd.org/WVUproc.htm
  • Automated support to “join NDLTD”
  • Marcel Dekker book in press
    • Edward A. Fox, Shahrooz Feizbadi, Joseph M. Moxley, and Christian R. Weisser, eds., The ETD Sourcebook: Theses and Dissertations in the Electronic Age, New York: Marcel Dekker, 2004
why etd short answer
Why ETD?Short Answer
  • For Students:
    • Gain knowledge and skills for the Information Age
    • Richer communication (digital information, multimedia, …)
  • For Universities:
    • Easy way to enter the digital library field and benefit thereby
  • For the World:
    • Global digital library – large, useful, many services
  • General:
    • Save time and money
    • Increased visibility for all associated with research results
the process short answer
The Process?Short Answer
  • For Students:
    • Plan on ETD from day 1
    • Secure knowledge from: workshops, online info, colleagues
    • Work with faculty to plan approach
      • PDF? XML? TEI? Multi/hypermedia? Data sets? Viz?
      • Get signed approval form: access, ©, proxy assignment
    • After defense and approval, submit ETD to university
  • For Universities:
    • Form team
    • Adapt solution from work at other universities, attend ETD conference
    • Pilot -> Option -> Requirement
some potential barriers
Some Potential Barriers
  • Lethargy; Not invented here
  • Frustration/Anger: Technology! More work!
  • Lack of experience in working together: graduate school, library, computing staff
  • Lack of interest in (quality of) student work
  • More loyalty to discipline than to campus
  • Unwillingness to accept responsibility for financial problems with libraries, or to accept need for changes regarding electronic publishing
spirit of ndltd
Spirit of NDLTD
  • Help make a better (smaller) world
  • Win-win-win (everyone can benefit)
  • Have fun helping others
  • Helpers/teachers learn more than those they work with
  • Build on standards
  • ETDs are preservable, popular, expressive, “better”
  • Doable, feasible, learnable, affordable, sharable
  • Please join NDLTD!
selected links http fox cs vt edu
Selected Links - http://fox.cs.vt.edu
  • CITIDEL (computing education resources)
    • www.citidel.org
  • NCSTRL (computing technical reports)
    • www.ncstrl.org
  • NDLTD (electronic theses and dissertations worldwide)
    • www.ndltd.org and etdguide.org
  • NSDL (National Science Digital Library)
    • www.nsdl.org
  • OAI (Open Archives Initiative)
    • www.openarchives.org
  • Virginia Tech Digital Library Research Laboratory (DLRL, www.dlib.vt.edu)
    • 5S, AmericanSouth.Org, CSTC, DL-in-a-box, ENVISION, ETANA, MARIAN, NDLTD, NSDL, OAD, ODL, …)
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