Challenges and Opportunities in CHN (Allender and Spradley 2001). What is community health nursing?. It is community - based and population focusedThe community is the recipient of service and health is the productCommunity health is concerned with the interchange between population groups and their total environment and with the impact of that interchange on collective health.
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1. Introduction to Community Health Nursing Fadia Hasna PhD
3. What is community health nursing? It is community - based and population focused
The community is the recipient of service and health is the product
Community health is concerned with the interchange between population groups and their total environment and with the impact of that interchange on collective health
4. Community Health &Public Heath Similarities: Both are organised community efforts aimed at promotion, protection and preservation of the publicís health
Historically, public health has been associated with official or governmental efforts
Currently, it includes both public and private health efforts
Difference: Community health focuses on specific designated communities. Itís a part of the larger public health effort.
5. Definitions of Public Health & Community Health Public health (Turnock 1997) activities that society undertakes to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy, including organised community efforts to prevent, identify and counter threats to the health of the public
Community health: identification of needs and protection and improvement of collective health within a geographically defined area (Allender & Spradley 2001)
Health promotion: All efforts that seek to move people close to optimal well-being or higher levels of wellness (Allender & Spradley 2001)
Community health promotion: Development and management of preventive or primary health care systems responsive to community health needs (Erickson 1996)
6. Concepts of Community and Concepts of Health Community: A collection of people who interact with one another and who have common characteristics that form the basis for a sense of belonging.
Population: All the people occupying an area or all those sharing one or more characteristics (Allender & Spradley 2001)
Difference between population and community: Population do not necessarily interact with one another and do not necessarily share a sense of belonging to that group.
Health: holistic state of well-being which includes soundness of mind, body and spirit (Allender & Spradley 2001)
Wellness: The definition of health + the capacity to develop a personís potential to lead a fulfilling and productive life that can be measured in terms of quality of life ( Harper and Lambert 1994)
7. Components of Community Health Practice Six basic components
Promotion of health: The most important component of public health and community health practice
(Sourtzi et al. 1996; US department of health and human services 1998)
Prevention of health problems
Treatment of disorders