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INDUSTRIAL PROCESS SECTOR Hands on Training Workshop of the CGE on NGGI for NAI Parties to the UNFCCC, Africa Region Pretoria, South Africa 18-22 September 2006. Gambia Amie Jarra Department of water Resources. Gambia. Geography, Climate and Demography Area: Total: 11,300 sq Km

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INDUSTRIAL PROCESS SECTOR Hands on Training Workshop of the CGE on NGGI for NAI Parties to the UNFCCC, Africa RegionPretoria, South Africa18-22 September 2006

Gambia

Amie Jarra

Department of water Resources


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Gambia

Geography, Climate and Demography

  • Area: Total: 11,300 sq Km

    Land: 10,000 sq km

    Water: 1300 sq Km

  • Climate: Tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November)

    Cooer, dry season (November to May)

  • Population: 1.5 (July 2005 est.)


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Gambia

  • Density of 130 persons per square kilometre, placing it among the five most densely populated countries in Africa (UNDP, 2000)

  • Population growth rate is estimated at 4.2%

  • Average annual rainfall ranges from 850 mm to 1,200 mm


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Gambia

  • Average temperatures range from 18 to 33º C

  • Relative humidity is about 68% along the coast and 41% inland during the dry season and generally about 77% throughout the country during the wet season.


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Industrial Process

  • This Inventory is for 1993 because more data are available in 1993 than any other year

  • The industrial sector in The Gambia is underdeveloped

  • Banjul Breweries produces beer, malt and mineral water


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Industrial Process

  • Various cottage industries exist and these process and produce food on a relatively small scale

  • Only emissions from beverage and food production are assessed for the Industrial Processes category

  • During these processes Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds (NMVOC) are released


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Methodology

  • All emissions factors used are default figures from the 1996 Revised IPCC Guidelines


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Results

Emissions of NMVOC from alcohol beverage production

  • In 1993 Banjul Breweries produced about 120.5 million litres of Julbrew Lager, about 48 million litres of Guinness and about 50 million litres of malt drink

  • quantities of beverages resulted to emissions of about 422 kg of NMVOC for Julbrew lager, 168 kg of NMVOC for Guinness and 174 kg of NMVOC for the malt drink.



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Results

  • Thus, in 1993, a total of 764 kg of NMVOC were produced due to production of beverages at Banjul Breweries

    Emissions of NMVOC from bread and other food production

  • Production of bread and other foods resulted to emissions of 112 kg NMVOC

    Bread production- 92.5%

    Production of animal feed- 4.9%

    Fish processing produce-2.1%

    Meat , poultry & production of cakes has a combined emission of about 0.5%.


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Constraints

  • Asphalt roofing, road paving with asphalt, and concrete plumise stone production are conducted but data is lacking and documentation is inadequate for use in the development of a credible national inventory



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Constraints

  • Consumption of halocarbons used in refrigeration assembly, operation and disposal could not be quantified due to inadequate labeling, documentation and age of the equipment that enter the country

  • Similarly, data on foam blowing, fire extinguishers, solvents, aerosols and propellants, and equipment containing halocarbons are not readily available


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Conclusions

  • Category 3: Solvent and Other Product Use has not been reported on because the methodology for this category is still being developed

  • Presently, only the Alcohol Beverage and Food Production sub-modules of the industrial sector of The Gambia can be assessed


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Conclusions

  • An attempt was made to collect data on other sub-modules but this ended up being a useless exercise for this Inventory development process

  • Data on all other sub-modules are not readily available

  • Data have not been properly recorded or not recorded at all. Some of the equipment are so old that labels have faded or non-existent


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Conclusions

  • The Industrial Processes category is likely to be a big emitter because most of the equipment used is obsolete

  • These include used refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, and compressor units that are leaking even at the time of importation


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Recommendations

  • That a complete data gathering and collection study should be conducted for the Industrial Processes category in The Gambia

  • Since this is the first time this category is being assessed in The Gambia, historical data needs to be assembled in the data bank

  • Based on the collected data, it will be possible to extrapolate emissions for past years



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