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Env-Or 600 Contaminated Site Management Rule Update. Waste Management Division Updates September 12, 2008. Env-Or 600 Update. Effective July 23, 2008 Ambient Ground Water Quality Standards Soil Remediation Standards Groundwater Management Permit Procedures Expedited Review Fees.

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env or 600 contaminated site management rule update

Env-Or 600 Contaminated Site Management Rule Update

Waste Management Division Updates

September 12, 2008

env or 600 update
Env-Or 600 Update
  • Effective July 23, 2008
  • Ambient Ground Water Quality Standards
  • Soil Remediation Standards
  • Groundwater Management Permit Procedures
  • Expedited Review Fees
env or 600 update4
Env-Or 600 Update
  • Env-Or 607.02 Groundwater Management Permit Procedures.

(2) Provide notification on a form provided by the department by certified mail, return receipt requested, to all owners of properties specified in Env-Or 607.03(a)(20) that their property is proposed for inclusion within the GMZ;

http://www.des.nh.gov/orcb/doclist/prop_gd_ma_permit.doc

env or 600 update5
Env-Or 600 Update
  • Env-Or 607.03 Groundwater Management Permit Application.

(16) Certification that notification has been provided to all owners of lots proposed for inclusion in the GMZ as required by Env-Or 607.02(b)(2);

env or 600 update6
Env-Or 600 Update
  • Env-Or 607.08 Permit Notification.

(a) Within 3015 days after the department issues the groundwater management permit, the permittee shall provide notice of the permit by certified mail, return receipt requested, to all owners of lots of record within the GMZ.

(b) Within 6045 days after the department issues the groundwater management permit, the permittee shall submit documentation of the notification required by (a), above, to the department.

env or 600 update7
Env-Or 600 Update

Fees for Expedited Reviews

as specified in RSA 485:3-b, I

env or 600 update summary
Env-Or 600 Update Summary
  • Effective July 23, 2008
  • Ambient Ground Water Quality Standards
  • Soil Remediation Standards
  • Groundwater Management Permit Procedures
  • Expedited Review Fees
env or 600
Env-Or 600

NHDES Contact

Robin Mongeon, P.E.

Waste Management Division

29 Hazen Drive

Concord, NH 03301

Tel: (603) 271-7378

Fax: (603) 271-2181

E-mail: [email protected]

env or 607 09 recordation

Env-Or 607.09, Recordation

Groundwater Management Recordation Procedures

env or 607 09 recordation1
Env-Or 607.09, Recordation
  • Updates - Private Sector Feedback
  • Registry Index - Grantor/Grantee
  • New Notice & Release of Notice Forms
  • Links
  • Contact Info
slide16
Form

NOTICE OF GROUNDWATER MANAGEMENT PERMIT

GWP-_________-A-001

TO BE RECORDED AGAINST:

[IDENTIFY OWNER OF PARCEL AND

BOOK AND PAGE OF DEED IN TO THAT PARTY]

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT: The New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (Department) has issued Groundwater Management Permit #GWP-_________-A-001 (“Permit”) to [Permittee]. Pursuant to Env-Or 607.09(a) this notice is recorded for each property located within the groundwater management zone identified in the Permit at the Registry of Deeds for the county in which the property is located.

The Permit establishes a Groundwater Management Zone (“GMZ”), an area within which groundwater use must be controlled and monitored due to the presence of groundwater contaminants that exceed the State’s Ambient Groundwater Quality Standards (“AGQS”). The Permit may include conditions to and restrictions upon the use of the properties within the GMZ, including restrictions on the use of groundwater.

The Permit was issued on [Date] and expires on [Date], unless renewed for subsequent five-year period(s). This Notice will remain in effect until such time as the AGQS are restored within the GMZ and the Department issues a Release of Recordation to the Permittee. The Permit is available for review at the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, 29 Hazen Drive, Concord, NH 03301 or can be viewed by searching under our OneStop Data Retrieval Site at http://www2.des.nh.gov/OneStop/ORCB_Query.aspx?Project+CCST .

The following properties are located within the GMZ:

Property Owner/Property AddressTax Map/LotDeed Reference Book/Page

/s/ [Permittee Name], Permittee ______________

[Company Name] Date

slide17
Form

DISCHARGE AND RELEASE OF

NOTICE OF GROUNDWATER MANAGEMENT PERMIT

TO BE RECORDED IN FAVOR OF

[CURRENT OWNER OF PARCEL IDENTIFIED IN ORIGINAL OR AMENDED NOTICE]

at [BOOK /PAGE OF DEED IN TO THAT PARTY]

For value received, the State of New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, issuer of a groundwater management permit GWP-_________-A-_ to [name of Permittee] and recorded by Notice of Groundwater Management Permit, dated ____, against the real property of [name of property owner], in __________ County Registry of Deeds at Book __________, Page __________, hereby discharges and releases the said Notice of Groundwater Management Permit.

Subscribed, sworn to and acknowledged before me by ______________, the issuer, this __________ day of __________, 20__________.

____________________________

Carl W. Baxter, P.E., Administrator

Hazardous Waste Remediation Bureau

Waste Management Division

_________________________

Printed Name_______________

Notary Public/Justice of the Peace

My commission expires_________

env or 607 09 recordation2
Env-OR 607.09 Recordation

Link to Notice Forms:

http://www.des.state.nh.us/ORCB/DOCLIST/notice_of_gmp.doc

http://www.des.state.nh.us/ORCB/DOCLIST/landfill_notice_of_gmp.doc

env or 607 09 recordation3
Env-Or 607.09 Recordation

NHDES Contact

Karlee Kenison, P.G.

Waste Management Division

29 Hazen Drive

Concord, NH 03301-0095

Tel: (603) 271-6542

Fax: (603) 271-2181

Email: [email protected]

low level ethylene dibromide edb screening program update

Low-Level Ethylene Dibromide (EDB) Screening Program Update

Kenneth Richards, P.G.

NH Department of Environmental Services

low level ethylene dibromide edb screening program update1

Low-Level Ethylene Dibromide (EDB) Screening Program Update

Kenneth Richards, P.G.

NH Department of Environmental Services

ethylene dibromide edb
Ethylene Dibromide (EDB)
  • Also known as 1,2-dibromomethane and numerous trade names and acronyms
  • Used in the past as a leaded gas additive (phased out in 1985) and soil fumigant (banned in 1984) for crops and turf (golf courses). Also as a solvent, waterproofing agent, in dyes & pharmaceuticals
  • Still used in aviation and racing fuels and chemical formulations
  • Released to the environment by leaded gasoline spills and land applications as a pesticide
ethylene dibromide edb cont
Ethylene Dibromide (EDB) (cont.)
  • EDB is a volatile organic compound (VOC) and is included on the U.S. EPA SW-846 Method 8260 list of analytes
  • The Method 8260 detection limit for EDB in relatively clean samples is generally 0.5 – 1.0 ug/l
  • The Federal Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) and New Hampshire AGQS for EDB is 0.05 ug/l
program goals
Program Goals
  • Identify EDB presence/absence at NH Sites
  • Identify potential EDB impacts to drinking water wells
  • Provide basis to formulate modified monitoring programs at identified EDB sites to include low-level EDB analysis
site sampling point selection
Site & Sampling Point Selection
  • Release sites with known gasoline storage in 1985 or earlier
  • Sampling points selected along transect of contaminant plume
  • In general, samples collected from one source area well, one mid-plume well & one distal well
analytical methods for low level edb detection
Analytical Methods For Low-Level EDB Detection
  • US EPA SW-846 Method 8011
  • US EPA SW-846 Method 504.1
  • US EPA SW-846 Method 8260 SIM (Selective Ion Method)
preliminary results
Preliminary Results
  • 200 sites during Spring, 2008 groundwater sampling rounds; 700 groundwater samples analyzed
  • EDB positively detected at 15% of sites sampled
  • Detections ranged up to 650 ug/l
  • 45% of the EDB detections were <1.0 ug/l
preliminary results cont
Preliminary Results (cont.)
  • EDB detections primarily found at sampling points within or immediately downgradient of source areas
  • EDB not identified in water supply wells included in program
u s epa lnapl screening study
U.S. EPA LNAPL Screening Study
  • EPA analyzed LNAPL collected from 28 older release sites in 8 states
  • DES coordinated the submittal of 23 LNAPL samples from 8 NH sites
  • EDB identified in LNAPL samples from 4 of the 8 NH sites
  • EDB detected at levels ranging from 0.15mg/l to 255.28 mg/l
path forward
Path Forward
  • Second round of low-level EDB screening to be conducted during the Fall 2008 groundwater sampling rounds
  • DES has been requesting field pH measurements on wells included in Fall screening round
  • Individual EDB site strategy should be developed in consultation with DES project managers
1 4 dioxane and 1 2 dibromoethane edb

1,4-Dioxane and 1,2-Dibromoethane (EDB)

Analytical Methods Review

Lou Barinelli, Assistant Director, NHDES Laboratory

1 4 dioxane
1,4-Dioxane
  • MW=88.11
  • Density=1.03
  • BP=101.1
  • Soluble in water
available methods
Available Methods
  • EPA Method 8260B (C)
    • Purge and Trap-GC/MS
  • EPA Method 8270C (D)
    • Liquid/Liquid Extraction-GC/MS
  • EPA Method 8261A
    • Vacuum Distillation-GC/MS
epa method 8260
EPA Method 8260
  • In order to meet low level reporting limits on the order of 3 ppb, must make modifications
  • Heat sample during purge cycle (80-90 oC)
  • Acquire data in SIM Acquisition Mode
  • Use 1,4-dioxane-d8 as an internal or surrogate standard
epa method 8270c
EPA Method 8270C
  • Extract 1L of water
  • Concentrate Extract
  • Use Isotope Dilution (1,4-dioxane-d8)
  • Acquire data in SIM Acquisition Mode
epa method 8261a
EPA Method 8261A
  • Sample is placed in a distillation chamber
  • The chamber is placed under vacuum
  • The vapor is passed through a chilled coil at 5 oC to condense the water
  • The uncondensed distillate is cryogenically trapped at -196 oC (liquid nitrogen temp)
  • Analytes transferred to GC/MS
epa method 8260b advantages
EPA Method 8260B Advantages
  • Most labs familiar with P&T technique
  • Minimal sample prep
  • Automation possible
  • Can achieve reporting limits 2-5 ppb
epa method 8260b disadvantages
EPA Method 8260B Disadvantages
  • 1,4-Dioxane has poor purging efficiency, can be compensated for by heated purge and isotope dilution
  • If Method not managed correctly can encounter problems with carry over or poor reproducibility
method 8270c advantages
Method 8270C Advantages
  • Most labs familiar with technique
  • Can achieve reporting limits 1-3 ppb
  • Modified to use isotope dilution
method 8270c disadvantages
Method 8270C Disadvantages
  • Possible losses during extraction procedure
  • Possible losses during collection and transport (samples collected with headspace)
  • Labor intensive for some labs
epa method 8261 advantages
EPA Method 8261 Advantages
  • Easily achieve 1-2 ppb reporting limit
  • Potential for sub-ppb reporting limits with SIM
  • Minimal sample prep
  • Isotope dilution is standard procedure
method 8261a disadvantages
Method 8261A Disadvantages
  • New Technique
  • Not common for most labs
  • Only 1 Instrument Manufacturer
  • Requires liquid nitrogen
  • Cost of equipment and operation
misc info
Misc. Info
  • Ref: "1,4-Dioxane - Environmental and Measurement issues" - Timothy W. Fitzpatrick & Kerry Tate, State of Florida Department of Environmental Protection“
1 2 dibromoethane
1,2-Dibromoethane
  • Available Methods
    • Purge & Trap GC/MS (SIM Acquisition)
    • Micro-Extraction GC/ECD
purge trap gc ms
Purge & Trap GC/MS
  • Method 8260
    • 5 or 25 mL purge volume
    • SIM acquisition allows for lower reporting limit
gc ecd
GC/ECD
  • Methods 8011 or 504
    • Micro extraction with hexane
    • Direct injection on GC/ECD
    • Dual column confirmation
    • ECD selective for halogenated compounds
slide47

1,4 Dioxane – Background Sampling Requirements, Treatment Technologies and Initial ResultsFrederick J. McGarry, P.E., DEE, Assistant Director, WMD

slide48

1,4 Dioxane

O

H2C

CH2

Background, Sampling Requirements, Treatment and Initial Results

Sept. 12, 2008

H2C

CH2

O

1 4 dioxane1
1,4 Dioxane
  • What is it?
  • Why are we concerned about it?
  • What are the sampling requirements?
  • How can it be treated?
characteristics of 1 4 dioxane
Characteristics of 1,4-Dioxane
  • Solubility – Infinite solubility in water
  • Low Koc therefore low affinity for activated carbon
  • Low vapor pressure
  • Most mobile contaminant @ solvent release sites
  • Footprint may be many times greater than TCA plume (up to 6X greater)
characteristics cont
Characteristics (cont.)
  • Occurs more in water than in soil
  • Stays more in water than going to air
  • Volatilization is slow
  • Resistant to biological degradation
  • Will not hydrolyze
  • Attenuation?
    • Dilution
    • Dispersion
    • Volatilization
uses for 1 4 dioxane
Uses for 1,4-Dioxane
  • Stabilizer for chlorinated solvents (TCA) added 2-8% by volume
  • Paint strippers
  • Dyes
  • De-greasers
  • Varnishes
  • Impurity in antifreeze and deicing fluids
  • Deodorants, shampoos, & cosmetics
    • 23 ppm in Clairol Herbal Essence shampoo
    • 12 ppm in Hello Kitty Bubble Bath
health effects of 1 4 dioxane
Health Effects of 1,4 Dioxane
  • Group B2 carcinogen:

“. . . reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen”

  • Cancer of gall bladder, lungs, skin, and liver in laboratory mice.
drinking water standards for 1 4 dioxane
Drinking Water Standards for 1,4-Dioxane
  • EPA IRIS: 1x10-6 cancer risk – 3 ppb
  • EPA Regions 3 & 6 screening level – 6.1 ppb
  • State cleanup guidelines – 3 to 85 ppb
  • World Health Organization – 50 ppb (10-5 cancer risk)
  • NH AGQS – 3 ppb
  • NJ – 3 ppb
  • Conn, Vt – 20 ppb
  • Maine – 32 ppb (10-5 cancer risk)
  • Mass – GW-1 of 3 ppb
presence of 1 4 dioxane
Presence of 1,4 Dioxane
  • Superfund Sites:
    • Keefe (Epping) – Max. conc. of 842 ppb

In Mar. 2004 present in 28 of 35 wells

    • Ottati & Goss (Kingston) – Max. conc. 260 ppb
presence of 1 4 dioxane cont
Presence of 1,4 Dioxane (cont.)
  • Likely present in wastewater discharges (0.25 mg/person/day = 1 ppb)
  • Landfill leachate –
    • Colebrook - 98 ppb; in 21 of 34 wells
    • Newmarket - 610 ppb; in 22 of 29 wells
    • Newport - 240 ppb; in 6 of 9 wells
    • Hopkinton - 14 ppb; in 3 of 8 wells
  • Groundwater in Tokyo – 0.05 to 113 ppb, avg. 2.23 ppb
  • Tama River in Japan 0.06 to 5 ppb (likely due to flow from WWTF)
1 4 dioxane at haz waste sites
1,4-Dioxane At Haz. Waste Sites
  • 1,1,1-TCA AGQS – 200 ppb
  • 2-8% 1,4-dioxane in TCA
  • Dioxane could be controlling contaminant at TCA site (3 ppb vs. 200 ppb)
  • TCA breaks down to 1,1-DCA or 1,1-DCE
  • DCA could be primary contaminant w/o TCA & dioxane be present & controlling
dioxane sampling requirements
Dioxane Sampling Requirements
  • New haz. waste sites after Jan. 30, 2008
  • Sites receiving new GWMP in 2008
  • GWMPs where public/ private wells sampled
  • GWMPs or sampling programs where dioxane is an identified analyte
  • Haz waste sites w/ TCA, DCA, or DCE present
  • Haz waste sites, salvage yards, landfills after Jan.1, 2009
  • Waiver of sampling w/ 2 rounds ND
remediation for 1 4 dioxane
Remediation for 1,4-Dioxane
  • SVE for removal from soil but . . .
  • Biodegradation in presence of THF
  • GAC generally inappropriate
  • Air stripping poor due to low Henry’s Law coef. but does work (47% and 28% removal Colebrook, 65% removal Hadco)
  • AOP appears best process
    • Ozone/peroxide
    • Peroxide and UV light
remediation for 1 4 dioxane cont
Remediation for 1,4-Dioxane (cont.)
  • Air sparging is ineffective
  • Zero-valent iron walls don’t work
  • ISCO has worked
    • H2O2 plus ozone
    • Fenton’s reagent
    • Permanganate
    • Persulfate
    • Ozone alone
  • Phytoremediation effective
1 4 dioxane summary
1,4 Dioxane Summary
  • Highly mobile, recalcitrant compound
  • Present at many haz. waste sites
  • Likely present at active & inactive landfills
  • Low AGQS
  • May be controlling contaminant at some sites
  • Can be treated in-situ by ISCO and ex-situ by AOP
  • Additional sampling results beginning 2009 will help define extent of this contaminant
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