Early Medieval Doctors

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Early Medieval Doctors

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1. Early Medieval Doctors! By: Rebecca Mike

2. Table of Contents Welcome Medieval Diseases Treatments & Surgery Famous Doctors Other “Healers” Fun Activity Glossary Work Cited Page Answers to Questions What the famous doctors were famous for( in surgery or whatever). What the famous doctors were famous for( in surgery or whatever).

3. Welcome Hello everyone and welcome. Today we will be observing the insight of doctors in the early medieval period. The first medical school was in Salerno, Spain and then another in Montpellier, France. Also most of the doctors then were Arab.

4. Treatments & Surgery Treacle-common medicine for internal swellings, epilepsy, fevers, etc. Patient attend own funeral if dying of leprosy. Caesareans used in delivery. Dung Beetles Bat droppings Drape colored cloth around bed and person if they have smallpox. Banish them from colony if dying from leprosy. Bloodletting was most common surgical procedure. Plants

5. Famous Doctors This is El Zahrawi, who they called the “father of surgery.” He performed a delicate surgery called caesareans. He wrote Medical Encyclopedia which contained 30 sections of surgical knowledge and illustrations of 200 surgical instruments, most of which he designed himself. First to ever use silk thread to stitch wounds.

6. Famous Doctors Al Razi (Rhazes)- Famous for his study of smallpox and chicken-pox. First to use opium for anesthesia. First to use alcohol for medical use. Eventually put in charge of famous Muqtadari hospital in Baghdad, also a famous Royal hospital at Ray, Iran.

7. Famous Doctors Cont. Ibn Sina by the age of 18 was considered to be a great physician and was summoned to take care of the king. He was known as “doctors of doctors” and also “boy genius.” Sina’s most important work is the al-Qanun al-Tibb ( Encyclopedia of Medicine or “Canon”). In the Canon or Encyclopedia 60 drugs are identified and they are commented on application and effectiveness.

8. Famous Doctors Cont. This man is Ibn Zuhr (known as Avenzoar of the West). He was the first to test medicines on animals before giving them to humans. Zuhr was excellent in the art of dissecting and knew anatomy in detail. Also he was the first to describe an tracheotomy.

9. Other “Healers”

10. Other Healers Folk Healers who are those who use herbal remedies and plants to heal someone. In the medieval period peasants and laborers went to folk healers because they were easy access. Monastic Medicine ( Monasteries) were of course a known healer. Before physicians came people would go to the church and get pray and help to be cured. In these hospitals they helped through spiritual and therapeutic. Miracles (as they called it) were performed by saints. People went to them if other remedies did not work, plus if they were trying to cure something from birth. 2/3 of the people who went to saints for help were peasants. Women, none the less, amazingly were considered healers. They could not go to school to learn, but they learned from husband or father who were doctors. The women were nurses or midwives.

11. Fun Activity Ok for those of you who would love to become a doctor in the medieval period, here is a website were you have the opportunity to find a cure for your three patients. Just to give you heads up, they have some very outrageous cures, but hey you never know how they worked. Have Fun! http://www.learner.org/exhibits/middleages/healtact2.html

12. Glossary Treacle (theriac)-a cure-all,40 days to make and 12 years to mature. Caesareans- cutting mothers belly for delivering of baby. Tracheotomy- cutting hole in patients wind pipe so they can breathe. Summoned-ordered to come Anesthesia- drug to put patients to sleep so they will not feel pain during surgery. Bloodletting- draining blood from body, thought then was it cured illnesses.

13. Work Cited Page "Surgery during Medieval Era." School History. 06 2004. 19 Nov.2005 <http://www.schoolshistory.org.uk/medievalsurgery.htm>. "Medieval Medicine." A Short History of Medical Careers. ThinkQuest.19 Nov. 2005 <http://library.thinkquest.org/15569/hist-6.html>. "Medieval People." Life in the Middle Ages. 1997. 19 Nov. 2005 <http://www.kyrene.k12.az.us/schools/brisas/sunda/ma/1wendy.h tm>. "Medieval Medicine." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 19 Nov. 2005 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval_medicine>. "Health." The Middle Ages. 1997. Annenberg Media. 19 Nov. 2005 <http://www.learner.org/exhibits/middleages/health.html>. Mann, Horace . "Famous Doctors." Medieval Islamic Cultures. 19 Nov. 2005 <http://www.sfusd.k12.ca.us/schwww/sch618/Medicine/Medicine_and_ Health.html>.

14. Answers to Questions I did most of the research online because I felt there would be more on doctors in the medieval times, then getting a book that really did not talk about them at all. The most helpful resource was the internet, but a specific website helped me the most and that was <http://www.sfusd.k12.ca.us/schwww/sch618/Medicine/Medicine_and_Health.html>. What did not work for me were the diseases because there were a lot and some have no cure, so I did not think it would be smart to talk about diseases that we know are impossible to cure especially with the remedies they had. The one thing I think that did work were the treatments, they really did not use a lot of things. Mostly things from nature. The materials really were easy. It was harder than I thought it would be. I was hoping their would be some broader info, but you really have to look and see if it was logic or someone making up a website with junk info. What appealed to me most were that the doctors that I chose to talk about all discovered something that we use today. Like Zuhr using medicines on animals first before humans. I really thought that was something America thought of, guess we are not that clever. (Even though it is bad to hurt animals). This topic to me was important to study because I have always wanted to work in the medical field and doing something about the way things use to be, I can see how far we have come and where we can go with medical stuff. I think what is educational about this project is you can see were a c-section comes from, who discovered this before that. If you like health and want to be in the health field, I believe this will be very appealing to you. A viewer should see as I have stated before, how something was discovered and where something all began and came from. I really can not say it is important to learn about this subject. If you are wanting to become a doctor or anything of the medical profession, you should enjoy learning about how it all began.

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