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Brief Introduction: Cambodia. Images of Cambodia. Images of Cambodia. Spiritual/Mythical place of Ancient Civilization  Tourism

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Images of Cambodia

  • Spiritual/Mythical place of Ancient Civilization  Tourism

  • Killing Field (1/5 of population death during the Khmer Rouge Revolutionary Periods 1975-9 – 1.5 millions)  Genocide and Diaspora  Poverty and Political Movement and Justice (2006 Tribunal)


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Pre-colonial/Colonial Cambodia

  • Ancient Civilization: Rice/ Mekong River + Delta – Fertile Land

  • Funan + Chenla (3rd-5th century)

  • Khmer (ethnic) empire: 9th-13th  Angkor Wat (Hinduism from Java)

  • 15th Thai Domination: Caught between Thai – Vietnam Empire as Vassal State (Resons: internal rebellion, economic maintanance, Theravada Buddhism)

  • 1863 King Narodom saught protection from France  Part of French Indochina


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Post Colonial Turmoil (1)

  • 1953: Independence + Constitutional Monarchy : King Sihanouk (King/Prince/Prime Minister)

  • Context: Cold War – Vietnam War

  • Neutrality Policy broken down  Pro US Coup by Gen Lon Non

  • Sihanouk realigned with Khmer Rouge Rebel (Not-Pro Vietnam Communist Group based in Rural/Poor Area)

  • US Bombing  more support to KR  Capture Phnom Penh 1975


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Post Colonial Turmoil (2)

  • The Democratic Kampuchea (75-79): The Pol Pot Regime + Refugee

  • Vietnamese Occupation and People’s Republic of Kampuchea (79-89)

  • UNTAC 1991 (United Nation Transition Authority in Cambodia)  Election 1993

  • FUNCEPEC and Cambodian People’s Party (CPP)

  • 1999 – ASEAN + UN

  • 2006 – Tribunal in Phnom Penh to indict leaders of KR


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Challenges

  • Rebuilding Cambodia

  • Politics and Poverty

  • Corruption and Preemptive Coup

  • Spiritual and Modern World


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References

  • Chandler, D. (2008). A History of Cambodia. Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

  • Kingsbury, D. (2005). South-East Asia: A Political Profile. Melbourn, Oxford University Press.


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