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ANDROGENY. © 2005, John B. Pryor, Ph.D. Illinois State University. Describe yourself. 1. Not at all independent Very independent 0..........1..........2..........3..........4 2. Not at all emotional Very emotional

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androgeny

ANDROGENY

© 2005, John B. Pryor, Ph.D.

Illinois State University

describe yourself
Describe yourself

1. Not at all independent Very independent

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

2. Not at all emotional Very emotional

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

3. Very passive Very active

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

slide3
4. Not at all able Able to devote self

to devote self to devote self

completely completely

to others to others

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

5. Very rough Very gentle

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

slide4
6. Not at all helpful Very helpful

to others to others

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

7. Not at all competitive Very competitive

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

8. Not at all kind Very kind

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

slide5
9. Not at all aware of Very aware of

feelings of others feelings of others

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

10. Has difficulty Can make

making decisions decisions easily

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

11. Gives up Never gives

very easily up easily

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

slide6
12.Not at all Very self-

self- confident confident

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

13. Feels very inferior Feels very superior

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

14. Not at all Very

understanding understanding

of others of others

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

slide7
15. Very cold Very warm

in relations in relations

with others with others

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

16. Goes to pieces Stands up well

under pressure under pressure

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

scoring the paq
Scoring the PAQ
  • Masculine Scale: Items 1,3,7,10,11,12,13,16
  • Feminine Scale: Items 2,4,5,6,8,9,14,15

MEDIANS

Males Females

Masculine Scale 2321

Feminine Scale 2225

slide9

Androgynous

Above Median

for Feminine

Above Median

for Masculine

Traditional

Masculine

Below Median

for Feminine

Traditional

Feminine

Above Median

for Feminine

Below Median

for Masculine

Below Median

for Feminine

Undifferentiated

androgyny definition having characteristics of both sexes greek roots andr man gyne woman

Androgyny: definition -having characteristics of both sexesGreek roots:andr--mangyne--woman

bem s flexibility hypothesis
Bem’s Flexibility Hypothesis
  • Androgynous females can act more independent if the situation calls for independence.
  • Androgynous males can act more caring (nurturent) if the situation calls for nurturence
which pair of strangers hits it off more
Which pair of strangers hits it off more?

Androgynous Male &

Androgynous Female

Androgynous Male &

Sex-typed Female

Sex-typed Male &

Androgynous Female

Sex-typed Male &

Sex-typed Female

from Ickes & Layden

gender schema
Gender Schema

MALE

FEMALE

SELF

  • Early in life people learn the gender schema.
  • Sex-typed people have strong associations of the self to one part of this schema.
bems gender schema theory
Bems’ Gender Schema Theory
  • Sex-typed people have a cognitive readiness to categorize the world into male & female classes
  • Evidence-> Sex-typed people are more likely to cluster their recall of random words by gender categories
  • Evidence-> Sex-typed people are faster in judging the self-relevance of traditional adjectives & slower in judging non-traditional adjectives
some connections of androgyny to sex
Some connections of androgyny to sex
  • Androgynous women tend to report more orgasms
  • Androgynous women tend to report more sexual satisfaction
  • Androgynous women and men tend to be more comfortable with sex
some connections of androgyny to sex18
Some connections of androgyny to sex
  • Adherence to traditional gender roles is related to earlier sexual activity and less contraceptive use

Some connections of androgyny to age adjustment

*Andronynous individuals

are psychologically healthier as

they grow older

slide19

Critique of androgyny research

  • Is androgyny really an ideal? What about sex-role transcendence?
  • Androgynous people tend to be high in self-esteem. Are measures of androgyny proxies for self-esteem?
  • Different researchers use different measures of androgyny. These measures are not always highly correlated.
  • Relationships of androgyny to behavior are usually complex.
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