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ANDROGENY. © 2005, John B. Pryor, Ph.D. Illinois State University. Describe yourself. 1. Not at all independent Very independent 0..........1..........2..........3..........4 2. Not at all emotional Very emotional

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Androgeny l.jpg

ANDROGENY

© 2005, John B. Pryor, Ph.D.

Illinois State University


Describe yourself l.jpg
Describe yourself

1. Not at all independent Very independent

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

2. Not at all emotional Very emotional

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

3. Very passive Very active

0..........1..........2..........3..........4


Slide3 l.jpg

4. Not at all able Able to devote self

to devote self to devote self

completely completely

to others to others

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

5. Very rough Very gentle

0..........1..........2..........3..........4


Slide4 l.jpg

6. Not at all helpful Very helpful

to others to others

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

7. Not at all competitive Very competitive

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

8. Not at all kind Very kind

0..........1..........2..........3..........4


Slide5 l.jpg

9. Not at all aware of Very aware of

feelings of others feelings of others

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

10. Has difficulty Can make

making decisions decisions easily

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

11. Gives up Never gives

very easily up easily

0..........1..........2..........3..........4


Slide6 l.jpg

12.Not at all Very self-

self- confident confident

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

13. Feels very inferior Feels very superior

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

14. Not at all Very

understanding understanding

of others of others

0..........1..........2..........3..........4


Slide7 l.jpg

15. Very cold Very warm self-

in relations in relations

with others with others

0..........1..........2..........3..........4

16. Goes to pieces Stands up well

under pressure under pressure

0..........1..........2..........3..........4


Scoring the paq l.jpg
Scoring the PAQ self-

  • Masculine Scale: Items 1,3,7,10,11,12,13,16

  • Feminine Scale: Items 2,4,5,6,8,9,14,15

    MEDIANS

    Males Females

    Masculine Scale 2321

    Feminine Scale 2225


Slide9 l.jpg

Androgynous self-

Above Median

for Feminine

Above Median

for Masculine

Traditional

Masculine

Below Median

for Feminine

Traditional

Feminine

Above Median

for Feminine

Below Median

for Masculine

Below Median

for Feminine

Undifferentiated


Androgyny definition having characteristics of both sexes greek roots andr man gyne woman l.jpg

Androgyny self- : definition -having characteristics of both sexesGreek roots:andr--mangyne--woman


Bem s flexibility hypothesis l.jpg
Bem’s Flexibility Hypothesis self-

  • Androgynous females can act more independent if the situation calls for independence.

  • Androgynous males can act more caring (nurturent) if the situation calls for nurturence


Which pair of strangers hits it off more l.jpg
Which pair of strangers hits it off more? self-

Androgynous Male &

Androgynous Female

Androgynous Male &

Sex-typed Female

Sex-typed Male &

Androgynous Female

Sex-typed Male &

Sex-typed Female

from Ickes & Layden


Slide14 l.jpg

Experimental Design self- from Andersen & Bem


Gender schema l.jpg
Gender Schema self-

MALE

FEMALE

SELF

  • Early in life people learn the gender schema.

  • Sex-typed people have strong associations of the self to one part of this schema.


Bems gender schema theory l.jpg
Bems’ Gender Schema Theory self-

  • Sex-typed people have a cognitive readiness to categorize the world into male & female classes

  • Evidence-> Sex-typed people are more likely to cluster their recall of random words by gender categories

  • Evidence-> Sex-typed people are faster in judging the self-relevance of traditional adjectives & slower in judging non-traditional adjectives


Some connections of androgyny to sex l.jpg
Some connections of self- androgyny to sex

  • Androgynous women tend to report more orgasms

  • Androgynous women tend to report more sexual satisfaction

  • Androgynous women and men tend to be more comfortable with sex


Some connections of androgyny to sex18 l.jpg
Some connections of self- androgyny to sex

  • Adherence to traditional gender roles is related to earlier sexual activity and less contraceptive use

Some connections of androgyny to age adjustment

*Andronynous individuals

are psychologically healthier as

they grow older


Slide19 l.jpg

Critique of androgyny research self-

  • Is androgyny really an ideal? What about sex-role transcendence?

  • Androgynous people tend to be high in self-esteem. Are measures of androgyny proxies for self-esteem?

  • Different researchers use different measures of androgyny. These measures are not always highly correlated.

  • Relationships of androgyny to behavior are usually complex.


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