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A Royal Wedding? The Marriage Between Open Access and the International Society for Computational Biology. Philip E. Bourne University of California San Diego [email protected] The Marriage.

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A Royal Wedding?The Marriage BetweenOpen Access and the International Society for Computational Biology

Philip E. Bourne

University of California San Diego

[email protected]

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the marriage
The Marriage
  • A young Society (the groom) and a new open access publication (the bride)
  • Their happily ever after - broadening the dissemination and impact of their science
  • Ah but .. previous relationships linger
  • And like many marriages the commitment did not come easily

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the groom life so far
The Groom - Life So Far
  • ~2000 member Society founded 1995
  • Primarily computational molecular biology
  • Previous “official journal” Bioinformatics (OUP) – royalty arrangement
  • Other journals offered at a discount
  • FASEB Member
  • Executive Officer & Offices at UCSD
  • Main activates: ISMB, journals, education, SIG’s, regional meetings, Web portal

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the groom s strategic priorities
The Groom’s Strategic Priorities
  • Intellectual leadership – to sponsor and promote the highest quality conferences and society journal.
  • Advocacy– to develop, disseminate and promote policies on behalf of our members and scientific discipline.
  • Financial Stability – to improve the long-term financial footing of the society in order to achieve the above goals.
  • Governance – to improve the governing structures of the society in order to improve the responsiveness of the society to members, and to enhance our ability to achieve our strategic priorities.

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the groom s monetary situation preliminary 2004 year end financial projections
The Groom’s Monetary Situation:Preliminary 2004 Year End Financial Projections
  • Total assets, 1 January 2004 $ 197,093
  • Estimated 2004 Income $ 824,635
  • Estimated 2004 Expenses $ 770,000
  • Estimated Assets, 1 January 2005 $ 251,728

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the groom s previous lingering relationship oup bioinformatics
The Groom’s Previous Lingering Relationship - OUP Bioinformatics
  • Content – primarily methods
  • Impact factor 6+ increased +1 / year
  • After one year – free access to full articles
  • Low cost/free on-line in developing countries
  • On-line access to papers soon after acceptance
  • Recent survey indicated 70% supportive of open access – up from 50% last summer

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the courtship
OUP contract expiring end 2004

April 2004 RFP issued to publishers

June 2004 13 publishers responded with 15 options

July 2004 Board of Directors and membership deeply divided over move to open access, loss of revenue also an issue

A duel model favored

OUP not supportive of a ménage de trois

Sept. 2004 form partnership with PLoS CB

Nov. 2004 former ISCB President and Chair of Publications Committee becomes EIC

Jan. 2005 Launch with very strong EB

Now 70 papers processed, 1500 signed up for early alerts

June 2005 first issue at ISMB

The Courtship

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the bride s unique scope
The Bride’s Unique Scope
  • PLoS Computational Biology is published in partnership with the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB) andfeatures works of exceptional significance that furthers our understanding of living systems, at all scales, through the application of computational methods. Readers include life and computational scientists who can take the findings presented here to the next level of discovery.

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the bride s aspirations
The Bride’s Aspirations
  • Quality, quality, quality
  • Papers pre-filtered with response in 2-3 days
  • High quality review in 4-6 weeks – 3+ reviews
  • Papers on-line soon after acceptance
  • Reviews
  • Perspectives
  • Lay summaries
  • Annotated references
  • Society pages

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the marriage thus far
Unresponsive Editors


Innovation slowed by conventional requirements

What happens when open access is the norm?

Ground swell of support for open access

PLoS are scientists!

Open to innovation

Feeling of a new beginning

The Marriage Thus Far

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

when the honeymoon is over marriage is all about growing up together
When the Honeymoon is Over Marriage Is All About Growing Up Together
  • Using the medium for more than just distribution:
    • Living tutorials (needed in a fast growing field)
    • Seminal lectures (video) with DOIs
    • New presentation methodologies e.g.
      • Usable tables
      • Applets for review of specific types of data
    • The Knowledge (journal article) and the data (database) become integrated in cyberspace
      • The paper is the interface to the databases
      • The databases are the interfaces to the paper content

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the children
The Children
  • The Children (membership) are ideally suited for developing open source tools (BioLit) to support their parents
    • Support searching and literature mining
    • Authoring tools

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

the wood anniversary
The Wood Anniversary
  • Bring computational biologists working at different scales into contact through shared methodologies
  • Have ISCB as the support organization for this broader membership
  • Take more ownership for the dissemination of our science such that it be available without regard for geographic or economic boundaries
  • Improve the comprehension of our science through the use of appropriate Web technologies

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

thank you

Thank You

Any similarity to persons living or dead (or the Royal Family) is entirely coincidental

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

iscb membership expands globally 51 countries represented in 2004 vs 37 previous year
ISCB Membership Expands Globally51 Countries Represented in 2004vs. 37 Previous Year
  • 1924 Total Members
  • US 834
  • UK 284
  • Germany 129
  • Canada 86
  • Japan 53
  • S. Korea 46
  • Sweden 45
  • Less US Centric
  • Almost 40% Students

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

traditional subscription model journals offer discounts to iscb members
Traditional Subscription Model Journals Offer Discounts to ISCB Members

Journal Name Member Savings (USD)

  • Bioinformatics $ 375
  • Briefings inBioinformatics 31
  • Briefings in Functional Genomics

& Proteomics 31

  • Combination BIB and FGP

(when ordered together) 94

  • Comparative & Functional Genomics 11
  • Computers in Biology and Medicine 143
  • Computer Methods and Programs in

Biomedicine 133

  • Human Genomics 16
  • Human Molecular Genetics 94
  • Journal of Biomedical Informatics 151
  • Journal of Computational Biology 234
  • OMICS 141

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

plos founding board of directors
PLoS Founding Board of Directors

Harold Varmus

PLoS Co-founder and Chairman of the Board

President and CEO of

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

Patrick O. Brown

PLoS Co-founder and Board Member

Howard Hughes Medical Institute

& Stanford University School of Medicine

Michael B. Eisen

PLoS Co-founder and Board Member

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

& University of California at Berkeley

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

plos a brief history
PLoS – A Brief History
  • Founded in October, 2000
  • Circulated an open letter urging publishers to increase access to research literature
  • >30,000 signatories
  • Some positive effects, but overall response from publishers fell short of demands
  • In December, 2002, $9million grant from Moore Foundation to launch open access journals.

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

plos publishing strategy
PLoS Publishing Strategy
  • Launch two high quality open access journals
    • PLoS Biology in October, 2003
    • PLoS Medicine in 2004
  • Then launch more specialist open access journals
  • Stimulate and partner with other organizations to do the same

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

plos biology year one
PLoS Biology - Year One
  • Articles submitted – 757
  • Articles published – 140
  • Extensive media coverage

PLoS Biology is established as a high quality open access journal

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005

current editorial board
Sebastian Bonhoeffer

Peer Bork

Chris Burge

Richard Durbin

Jonathan Eisen

David Eisenberg

Mark Gerstein

David Haussler

Steve Henikoff

David Hillis

Peter Hunter

Simon Levin

Wen-Hsiung Li

Dianna Murray

Janet Thornton

Andrej Sali

Chris Sander

Arend Sidow

Current Editorial Board

Emerging Trends April 13, 2005