A History of Enclosures . Beth Nolan. Quick Chart on land area of England. Already enclosed in 1500: 45% Enclosed 1500-1599: 2% Enclosed 1600-1699: 24% Enclosed 1700-1799: 13% Enclosed 1800-1914: 11.4% Commons remaining in 1914: 4.6% Source: Dr. Michael Turner, Parliamentary Enclosures.
Source: Dr. Michael Turner, Parliamentary Enclosures
The people of Turkwel River have a system where a committee of elders decides to should be allowed to use the acacia trees growing off the banks, and for how long. Anyone coming into the area that wants to feed their goats must negotiate with the elders, thus overexploitation is avoided.
In the 1960s and 1970s the Turkana were hit by droughts and enemy tribes. With many people close to starvation, the Kenyan government and UN came into to help. Not realizing their system of commons, and seeing it more as a free-for-all system, they forced the trible to settle down, get rid of most of their animals, and encouraged them to farm. Thus, massive land was transferred from the commons to the state and individuals.