Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products
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Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products 12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland. CLIMATE MONITORING PRODUCTS IN WMO RA II. Olga Bulygina Leading Researcher Climatology Department

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Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products 12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

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Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

CLIMATE MONITORING PRODUCTS IN WMO RA II

Olga Bulygina

Leading Researcher Climatology Department

All-Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information - World Data Centre (RIHMI-WDC)

6 Korolev St., Obninsk, Kaluga Reg., 249035, Russian Federation

[email protected]


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

  • National Climate Monitoring Productsin WMO RA II:

  • Monitoring products

  • Climate Variables

  • Baseline period for norms

  • Language

  • 2. Examples

  • 3. Recommendations for Climate Monitoring Products


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

Members of Regional Association II (Asia) - 35countries

- National climate monitoring products

on national Web-site

- Monitoring products are presented on

North EurAsia Climate Centre Web site


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

Monitoring products

  • Annual reports

  • Monthly Weather Summary

  • Year's Weather Climatic conditions on the…

  • Bulletin of the climate monitoring

  • Monthly weather review

  • . . .

(Tables, report, statistics, graphics, maps, etc.)


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

Climate Variables

  • Temperature - is presented in 20 countries

  • Precipitation 23

  • Extreme events 4

  • Sunshine duration 3

  • Pressure 1

  • Humidity 2

  • Wind2

  • Snow depth 2

  • Number of days with snow cover 1

  • Snow water equivalent 1

  • Major permafrost characteristics1

  • Solar radiation 1

  • Droughtindex 3

  • River breakup dates1

  • etc.


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

Baseline period for norms

1961 - 1990 - 6 countries

1971 – 2000 5

1981 – 2010 2

First - 2005 1

The baseline period for 19 countries cannot be identified from website

2 countries


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

Baseline period for norms

  • I suggest the period 1971-2000.

  • Because:

  • Databases for this period are more complete

  • Fewer changes in data observation and data processing techniques

  • For example:

  • In Russia, no changes in data measurement and data processing techniques in precipitation observations took place after 1966

  • In the early 1950s, broken homogeneity in data was in many cases associated with the instrument change (raingage with Tretyakov protection was installed);

  • Beginning in January 1966, a correction for wetting started to be used directly at the station.

  • Therefore, after 1966 the series of precipitation totals can be considered homogeneous.


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

WMO Language

15 countries have Climate Monitoring Products in English

5 countries in Russian

3 countries in Chinese


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/

Japan

Examples:

This page outlines two series of publications issued by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA).The first is the Global Warming Projection

The second is the Climate Change Monitoring Report, which covers the climatic conditions of Japan and the world, recent trends in greenhouse gas concentrations and ozone layer depletion to give a comprehensive perspective of global climate change.JMA monitors long-term changes in global average surface temperature anomalies for the purpose of monitoring global warming. This page shows long-term changes in annual and monthly anomalies of the global average surface temperat


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

http://www.meteorf.ru/default.aspx

Examples:

Russian Federation

Annual report “CLIMATE FEATURES OVER THE AREA

OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ”

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………….... 4

1. AIR TEMPERATURE …………………………………………………............... 5

2. ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATION ………………………………………………16

3. SNOW COVER IN THE 2009/2010 WINTER ….………………………24

4. FREEZE-UP AND BREAKUP ON RIVERS …………………………………31

5. NORTHERN POLAR AREA ….…………………………………………….......33

6. PERMAFROST ………………………………………………………………………….43

7. AGRICULTURAL AND CLIMATIC CONDITIONS …………….........45

8. HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL HAZARDS .………………………………….50

9. RADIATION CONDITIONS...………………………………………………… 53

10. OZONE LAYER ………………………………………………….……………….. 60

CONCLUSIONS…………………………………………………………………………….64


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Anomalies (deviations from 1961-1990 averages) of annual precipitationmean veraged over quasi-homogeneous climatic regions,

Anomalies (deviations from 1961-1990 averages) of mean annual and seasonal air temperatures averaged over the Russian territory in 2010 ;


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Weather conditions in December 2010

а) Air temperature anomalies. Insets show mean monthly and mean daily air temperature series in December 2010 at meteorological stations Elista and Omolon;

Stored productive moisture in the surface soil, mm. June, July 2010.


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

Recommendations for Climate Monitoring Products

  • Description of data is necessary :

  • - space distribution of the station ( map would be very useful)

  • - the period used to estimate extreme values;

  • 2) National and global assessment must be done in comparison with standard normals (I suggest the period 1971-2000);

  • 3) Estimation of temperature and precipitation anomalies (as main meteorological characteristics) for the country as a whole should be done. If the territory of the country is large or there are regional particularities, additional average estimations on a region or a climatic zone should be calculated.

  • 4) Description of specific meteorological characteristics for the given countries. For example, for Russia and Canada - snow cover characteristics, for Japan - tropical cyclones, etc.)

  • 5) Description of climatic conditions for the year (as a whole), season and month. Daily data (temperature, precipitation, wind, etc.) may be used to describe individual monthly anomaliesand extreme events.

  • Description of extreme events in the national climate monitoring product is very important.

  • Special climate monitoring product (estimates of special characteristics) for different sector would be very useful.


Meeting of the ccl task team on national climate monitoring products 12 14 september 2011 geneva switzerland

Meeting of the CCL Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products

12-14 September 2011, Geneva, Switzerland

THANK YOU!


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